• Commentary

    The Middle East's Muffled Signals

    Despite predictions that the American march into Baghdad would unleash either a wave of democratization or a plague of repression throughout the region, in reality most Middle Eastern states are too preoccupied with domestic problems to be moved profoundly by events in Iraq. Iraq will have a political impact on the region, but changes are likely to come in smaller steps than commonly predicted.

    • Research

    Intervention: The Use of American Military Force in the Post-Cold War World

    • Richard Haass
    • January 01, 1994
    • Washington, DC: Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, 1994

    When, where, and how should the United States use military force? Drawing upon twelve recent case studies--including Bosnia, Somalia, Panama, Grenada, Haiti, and the Gulf War--Richard Haass suggests political and military guidelines for potential U.S. military interventions ranging from peacekeeping and humanitarian operations to preventive strikes and all-out warfare.

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