During both Obama’s and Trump’s time in office, the Kremlin has demonstrated a remarkable knack for filling the vacuums created by U.S. policymakers in the Middle East and beyond, usually on the cheap.
The Syrian regime is allowing the religious domain to grow, but only within the patrimonial environment the state created.
Ankara’s scare tactics in Afrin and state building in Azaz highlight Turkey’s continued attempts to inhibit Kurdish expansion, yet neither approach is sustainable.
The Syrian-Iraqi border has become a point of confrontation among regional and international powers.
At the Sochi summit, Erdogan, Putin, and Rouhani will discuss how to solve the conflict in Syria. But audiences back home will be at the front of their minds.
Syria and its neighbors all have a vested interest in resuming agricultural trade to increase food security across the region.
Russia is primed to benefit economically from an influx of foreign investment in Syria, but an emerging rivalry with China and Iran for contracts could erode its long-term leverage.
Divisions among the states vested in Syria are opening possibilities for Syria’s Kurds to secure greater protection for their autonomy.
A regular survey of experts on matters relating to Middle Eastern and North African politics and security.
Though Christians are indigenous to the Arab world, their numbers have steadily declined in the Middle East.