Syria

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    • Event

    Managing Reform in Arab Countries

    The Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, in partnership with Wilton Park, held a conference October 6-8, 2006 on the challenges of top-down, managed reform efforts in Arab countries. Discussion focused on how reformers within or close to ruling establishments view prospects for reform inside their countries as well as the impact of pressure for change coming from outside.

    • Event

    After a Bloody Summer: What’s New in the Middle East?

    The Lebanon war was a war without winners. Trends indicate that if anything, the changes that are taking place are going in the wrong direction. This was a conflict where none of the participants achieved their objectives. The Carnegie Endowment, in cooperation with the Friedrich Ebert Foundation, hosted Marina Ottoway, Volker Perthes, and Amr Hamzawy to discuss implications of the Lebanon War.

    • Op-Ed

    Diplomacy for Now

    Iran has said no to the U.N. Security Council's legally binding demand that Tehran suspend enrichment of uranium, as a first step toward resuming negotiations over the future course of its nuclear-energy program and broader relations with the West. It's now time for the U.S. to quietly rally Europe, the Middle East and Asia to develop plans for containing and deterring a nuclear-armed Iran.

    • Op-Ed

    State of Rejection

    The administration's refusal to talk to Syria and Iran reflects a view of diplomacy that is at odds with the practice of most other countries and of other American administrations. If countries are directly at war, diplomatic relations are out of the question. But most countries conceive of diplomacy as a means of resolving conflicts with adversaries short of war.

    • Event

    At the Center of the Storm: What Political Future for Lebanon?

    the Israeli military operations increased Hizbollah's in Lebanon and the region, but has been weakened through casualties and exhausted weapons stockpiles.

    • Op-Ed

    Israeli Attacks on Lebanese Civilians Hurt U.S. Standing in Region

    Even though many Lebanese people and several Arab governments criticized Hezbollah for instigating the crisis with Israel, the Israeli air attacks -- including the killing of many civilians -- have now quieted the criticism, and in fact have worsened the already poor standing of the United States in the Arab world.

    • TV/Radio Broadcast

    A New Map of the Middle East

    Given the last two weeks in the Middle East — client entities like Hizbollah provoking a conflict, the Saudis and Egyptians speaking without power from the sidelines, Western uncertainty about the role of Syria and Iran — is it possible to draw a new map of the Middle East?

    • Article

    Crisis in the Middle East

    This is a dangerous moment for the Middle East, because the conflicts in Gaza and Lebanon could easily escalate to involve the broader region. Any strategy to address the present crisis must deal with the realities of the Middle East as they are now, not try to leapfrog over them by seeking to impose a grand new vision. Such a vision would be bound to fail as it did in the case of Iraq.

    • Op-Ed

    Needed: American Diplomacy, Help Wanted

    Over the last few decades most, if not all, Arab-Israeli crises have occurred when the United States has been either unable or unwilling to play an aggressive role as a mediator; and most have only abated after the United States has finally thrown itself into the middle of them.

    • Paper

    Reform in Syria: Steering between the Chinese Model and Regime Change

    • Ellen Lust-Okar
    • July 17, 2006
    • Carnegie Endowment

    The regime of Bashar al-Asad is under pressure from Syrian citizens who want a different political system and from the United States, which wants Syria to change its regional policy. As a result, it is impossible to separate completely a domestic process of political reform from the external pressures.

Carnegie Experts on
Special Projects

  • expert thumbnail - Brown
    Frances Z. Brown
    Senior Fellow and Co-Director
    Democracy, Conflict, and Governance Program
    Frances Z. Brown is a senior fellow and co-director of Carnegie’s Democracy, Conflict, and Governance Program, who previously worked at the White House, USAID, and in nongovernmental organizations. She writes on conflict, governance, and U.S. foreign policy
  • expert thumbnail - Crocker
    Ryan Crocker
    Nonresident Senior Fellow
    Ryan Crocker is a nonresident senior fellow at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.
  • expert thumbnail - Dunne
    Michele Dunne
    Director and Senior Fellow
    Middle East Program
    Dunne is an expert on political and economic change in Arab countries, particularly Egypt, as well as U.S. policy in the Middle East.
  • expert thumbnail - Ghattas
    Kim Ghattas
    Nonresident Senior Fellow
    Kim Ghattas is a nonresident senior fellow at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.
  • expert thumbnail - Khaddour
    Kheder Khaddour
    Nonresident Scholar
    Malcolm H. Kerr Carnegie Middle East Center
    Kheder Khaddour is a nonresident scholar at the Malcolm H. Kerr Carnegie Middle East Center in Beirut. His research centers on civil military relations and local identities in the Levant, with a focus on Syria.
  • expert thumbnail - Levite
    Ariel (Eli) Levite
    Nonresident Senior Fellow
    Nuclear Policy Program
    Cyber Policy Initiative
    Levite was the principal deputy director general for policy at the Israeli Atomic Energy Commission from 2002 to 2007.
  • expert thumbnail - Meddeb
    Hamza Meddeb
    Nonresident Scholar
    Malcolm H. Kerr Carnegie Middle East Center
    Hamza Meddeb is a nonresident scholar at the Malcolm H. Kerr Carnegie Middle East Center, where his research focuses on economic reform, political economy of conflicts, and border insecurity across the Middle East and North Africa.
  • expert thumbnail - Miller
    Andrew Miller
    Nonresident Scholar
    Middle East Program
    Andrew Miller is a nonresident scholar in Carnegie’s Middle East Program.
  • expert thumbnail - Muasher
    Marwan Muasher
    Vice President for Studies
    Muasher is vice president for studies at Carnegie, where he oversees research in Washington and Beirut on the Middle East.
  • expert thumbnail - Sayigh
    Yezid Sayigh
    Senior Fellow
    Malcolm H. Kerr Carnegie Middle East Center
    Yezid Sayigh is a senior fellow at the Malcolm H. Kerr Carnegie Middle East Center in Beirut, where he leads the program on Civil-Military Relations in Arab States (CMRAS). His work focuses on the comparative political and economic roles of Arab armed forces and nonstate actors, the impact of war on states and societies, and the politics of postconflict reconstruction and security sector transformation in Arab transitions, and authoritarian resurgence.
  • expert thumbnail - Walles
    Jake Walles
    Nonresident Senior Fellow
    Middle East Program
    Jake Walles is a nonresident senior fellow in the Middle East Program at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, where he focuses on Israeli-Palestinian issues, Tunisia, and counterterrorism.

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