Military expressions of national identity are helping Gulf countries boost loyalty to the state yet are likely to exacerbate regional polarization.
Donald Trump has stressed the pursuit of national interests, but in the Middle East only those of America seem to matter.
It is crucial that the United States and other arms exporting nations conduct additional due diligence and controls on any exports to Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates.
As New Delhi prepares to host the Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman, India must come to terms with an unfamiliar idea—“nationalism in Arabia”.
Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman’s visit to India—as part of a larger tour of Asia, including Pakistan and China—should mark the consolidation of two important trends and help initiate a significant third.
The United States faces a number of dilemmas in supporting Saudi activism.
While the Middle East needs a collective security architecture, the U.S. proposal must be changed if it is actually going to exist—let alone succeed.
For both the United Arab Emirates and Saudi Arabia, the new emphasis on separating religion from politics and confronting “political Islam” is not a question of defining an abstract theory of the state. It is a considered response to the grave challenges they face.
Berlin’s security concerns over Salafi extremism in Germany could easily reignite latent tensions with Riyadh.
A regular survey of experts on matters relating to Middle Eastern and North African politics and security.