Saudi Arabia


    • Op-Ed

    Arab Spring Fever

    A series of unusual scenes on the streets of the Middle East nurtured an inspiring story line of an emerging “Arab spring” that mimicked the earlier triumph of democracy from the Philippines to Prague: mass demonstrations in Lebanon; joint rallies of Egyptian Islamists and liberals against the Mubarak regime; and elections in Iraq, the Palestinian territories, Lebanon, Egypt and even Saudi Arabia.

    • Testimony

    Promoting Democracy and Human Rights in the Middle East: The Case of Saudi Arabia

    • Amr Hamzawy
    • June 14, 2007
    • Testimony before the House Committee on Foreign Affairs Subcommittee on International Organizations

    The recent opening in Saudi politics has not altered the authoritarian nature of the political system fundamentally. As it lacks the leverage of economic or military aid that can be conditioned to the implementation of further reform measures, the United States must pursue reform in Saudi Arabia in a different way than in other Arab countries.

    • Event

    The Changing Role of National Oil Companies in International Energy Markets

    • Martha Brill Olcott, Amy Jaffe, Steve Lewis, Daniel Brumberg, Isabel Gorst, Sumit Ganguly
    • March 08, 2007
    • Washington, D.C.

    The so-called Seven Sisters—the major western oil firms that divided up world oil after WWII—now control only a small proportion of international reserves. Rather, state monopolies and emerging partially privatized firms now control the lion’s share of world oil. The Baker institute’s study is the first to look at how national oil companies affect the development of the global oil market.

    • Op-Ed

    Who Wins in Iraq?: 6. Arab Dictators

    The failure of U.S. policy in Iraq has provided autocratic regimes in the Middle East a reprieve from the pressure to democratize, as long as they position themselves clearly on the side of Washington in its looming confrontation with Iran, Syria, and Shiite Islamists.

    • Event

    Identifying Drivers of Political Reform in the GCC Countries

    • November 15, 2006

    Carnegies's third meeting dealing with political reform in the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries featured researchers from across the region. The discussion focused on various drivers of political reform: political actors; new political institutions; economic transformation; and the impact of new ideas and debates to which the region's population is increasingly exposed through mass media.

    • Event

    Managing Reform in Arab Countries

    The Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, in partnership with Wilton Park, held a conference October 6-8, 2006 on the challenges of top-down, managed reform efforts in Arab countries. Discussion focused on how reformers within or close to ruling establishments view prospects for reform inside their countries as well as the impact of pressure for change coming from outside.

    • TV/Radio Broadcast

    A New Map of the Middle East

    Given the last two weeks in the Middle East — client entities like Hizbollah provoking a conflict, the Saudis and Egyptians speaking without power from the sidelines, Western uncertainty about the role of Syria and Iran — is it possible to draw a new map of the Middle East?

    • Article

    Crisis in the Middle East

    This is a dangerous moment for the Middle East, because the conflicts in Gaza and Lebanon could easily escalate to involve the broader region. Any strategy to address the present crisis must deal with the realities of the Middle East as they are now, not try to leapfrog over them by seeking to impose a grand new vision. Such a vision would be bound to fail as it did in the case of Iraq.

    • Op-Ed

    Arab Security Services and the Crisis in Democratic Change

    The lack of democratic breakthroughs worthy of mention in Arab countries has spurred debate about barriers to change. The debate would be incomplete, however, without a discussion of the means by which authoritarian Arab regimes control their societies, particularly the critical roles performed by security services.

    • Event

    Political Reform in Saudi Arabia

    Amr Hamzawy presented his Carnegie Paper “The Saudi Labyrinth: Evaluating the Current Political Opening."  Jamal Khashoggi, Advisor to the Ambassador of the Royal Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, and David Ottaway of the Washington Post served as discussants and Nathan Brown moderated. 

Carnegie Experts on
Saudi Arabia

  • expert thumbnail - Farouk
    Yasmine Farouk
    Visiting Fellow
    Middle East Program
    Yasmine Farouk is a visiting fellow in the Middle East Program at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.
  • expert thumbnail - Ghattas
    Kim Ghattas
    Nonresident Senior Fellow
    Kim Ghattas is a nonresident senior fellow at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.
  • expert thumbnail - Hamzawy
    Amr Hamzawy
    Nonresident Senior Fellow
    Middle East Program
    Amr Hamzawy studied political science and developmental studies in Cairo, The Hague, and Berlin.
  • expert thumbnail - Lynch
    Marc Lynch
    Nonresident Senior Fellow
    Middle East Program
    Marc Lynch is a nonresident senior fellow in Carnegie’s Middle East Program where his work focuses on the politics of the Arab world.
  • expert thumbnail - Miller
    Andrew Miller
    Nonresident Scholar
    Middle East Program
    Andrew Miller is a nonresident scholar in Carnegie’s Middle East Program.
  • expert thumbnail - Muasher
    Marwan Muasher
    Vice President for Studies
    Muasher is vice president for studies at Carnegie, where he oversees research in Washington and Beirut on the Middle East.
  • expert thumbnail - Sokolsky
    Richard Sokolsky
    Nonresident Senior Fellow
    Russia and Eurasia Program
    Richard Sokolsky is a nonresident senior fellow in Carnegie’s Russia and Eurasia Program. His work focuses on U.S. policy toward Russia in the wake of the Ukraine crisis.
  • expert thumbnail - Volpe
    Tristan Volpe
    Nonresident Fellow
    Nuclear Policy Program
    Tristan Volpe is a nonresident fellow at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace and assistant professor of defense analysis at the Naval Postgraduate School.
  • expert thumbnail - Wehrey
    Frederic Wehrey
    Senior Fellow
    Middle East Program
    Frederic Wehrey is a senior fellow in the Middle East Program at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. His research deals with armed conflict, security sectors, and identity politics, with a focus on Libya, North Africa, and the Gulf.

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