• Commentary

    Arab Security Services and the Crisis in Democratic Change

    The lack of democratic breakthroughs worthy of mention in Arab countries has spurred debate about barriers to change. The debate would be incomplete, however, without a discussion of the means by which authoritarian Arab regimes control their societies, particularly the critical roles performed by security services.

    • Research

    Human Rights in the Arab World: Independent Voices

    • Amr Hamzawy, Anthony Chase
    • June 01, 2006
    • University of Pennsylvania Press

    Human Rights in the Arab World: Independent Voices offers perspectives from those at the forefront of research and debate at the intersection of human rights and Islam, globalization, transnational advocacy, and the politics of key states such as Egypt, Morocco, and Yemen.

    • Research

    America’s Arab Democracy Dilemma

    Hamas’s recent victory in the Palestinian parliamentary elections highlights the deep crisis of secular Arabs. In today’s Arab politics, secular parties have either degenerated into marginal forces with no broad popular support or become gatekeepers of repressive regimes.

    • Commentary

    The Key to Arab Reform: Moderate Islamists

    For decades, Arab regimes have used scare tactics to encourage the United States and Europe to support their repressive measures toward Islamist movements by invoking the image of anti-Western fanatics taking power through the ballot box. However, today’s moderate Islamists no longer match this nightmare.

    • Research

    Islam and Democracy in the Middle East

    • Larry Diamond, Daniel Brumberg, Marc F. Plattner, Editors
    • September 30, 2003
    • Johns Hopkins University Press, September 2003

    Drawing on the insights of some twenty-five leading Western and Middle Eastern scholars, Islam and Democracy in the Middle East highlights the dualistic and often contradictory nature of political liberalization. Political liberalization—as managed by the state—not only opens new spaces for debate and criticism, but is also used as a deliberate tactic to avoid genuine democratization.

    • Research

    Liberalization Versus Democracy: Understanding Arab Political Reform

    Before the United States can determine whether its gradualist approach to democratic reform in the Middle East is the best remedy, we must first understand how Arab autocracies actually work. In particular, we must understand how the "liberalized autocracies" of the region endure despite frequent prediction of their imminent death.

    • Commentary

    Coalition of the Unwilling

    It is important to have partners in the war on terrorism, Carnegie's Robert Kagan writes, but a unilateral determination to act invariably precedes a policy of effective multilateralism.

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