• Testimony

    The War on Terrorism in Central Asia and the Cause of Democratic Reform

    US policymakers should be proud of US-sponsored programs which broaden the range of participation for even limited numbers of people. But those of us engaged with Central Asia should not delude ourselves into believing that through "soft needling" we will get the ruling elites in these countries to modify the core practices at the heart of their regimes.

    • Commentary

    Silence is not the Solution

    State-sponsored terror persists because the international community is either silent in the face of it, or restricts its condemnations to actions that are of little or no consequence to the offending party.

    • Commentary

    Russia likes to claim its leadership in Central Asia. Now it has a chance to prove it.

    The systematic terrorization of the elite - the arrest of scores of people who have experience in running the government and the economy, the terrorization of their families, the push into exile and silence of dozens of other people has enormous consequences for the capacity of a state as small as Turkmenistan to govern itself.

    • Event

    Russian and Caspian Oil & Gas: Cooperation or Competition?

    Major impediments to a unified energy strategy do not come from Russia. The dynamics of interstate relations between Russia, Caspian, and other transit states, and domestic politics in any of these states, decrease the likelihood of any singular, meaningful international energy development strategy.

    • Event

    Turkmenistan's Political Crisis - Inside the Niyazov Regime

    A Discussion With Mr. Boris Sheikmuradov, Chaired by Carnegie Senior Associate Martha Brill Olcott

    • Event

    Central Asia - Democracy in the Balance

    The five states of Central Asia raise fundamental questions about the process of democratization in post-Soviet states and in the Muslim world more generally. In light of recent developments, the expectation of remaining as part of the region's Soviet heritage must now be incorporated with both nationalist and Islamic agendas that exist in Central Asia in order for democracy to have a chance.

    • Testimony

    Central Asia's Security Challenges

    The challenges of consolidating statehood which lie before the states of Central Asia and the Caucasus in the immediate future,are likely to be shaped by the peculiarities of the relationships of these states to Russia, and what strategic consequence this might have from the US.

    • Testimony

    Politics of Economic Distribution in the Caspian Sea States

    Improving security measures alone will not solve the problems in the Caspian region and the role of the US in this process is a limited one. The countries of the region must add to the number of stakeholders in their countries to begin this reform.

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