The recent events have both damaged the Georgian government’s domestic legitimacy and spelled an end to its thaw with Russia.
South Ossetia has all but disappeared from international view since the Georgia-Russia conflict of 2008 and is now being used by Moscow to pressure Tbilisi and channel funds to the breakaway Donbas regions.
There has been a global transformation of political and civic activism, with innovative new forms and often dramatic impact, even in the face of widespread efforts by governments to limit civic and political space.
On the tenth anniversary of the Eastern Partnership, dilemmas inherent in the policy design still remain unchanged.
The Eastern Partnership was designed to tie the Eastern neighbors to the EU, keep Russia out, and EU membership off the table. These objectives have been achieved—but the region has become neither more stable nor secure.
A major Georgian international project, Anaklia port, is being threatened by a domestic political row. Abuse of informal power is hurting Georgia, Moldova, and Ukraine.
In both the Caucasus and the Western Balkans, infrastructure and logistics will supplant normative goals such as EU membership as pathways to peaceful cooperation.
A successful transition in Armenia will offer a model for other aspiring democracies to chart a multipolar course. There is no better time to use diplomacy and foreign aid to support it.
Bordered by great powers but with their own distinct cultures, Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Georgia lie at the crossroads of Asia and Europe. In his book, The Caucasus: An Introduction, Thomas de Waal explains this fascinating region.
Abkhazia, Transdniestria, and northern Cyprus exist on maps but are not full nation states. Life goes on, but it is all a little more complicated than elsewhere in the world.