The continuing uprisings in the Middle East and North Africa have prompted European nations to rethink their relations with the Arab world as well as the frameworks within which pan-Mediterranean cooperation has taken shape.
Mohamed Kadry Said, a military and technology advisor and head of the military studies unit at the Al-Ahram Center for Political and Strategic Studies, discusses security sector reform in Egypt in an interview with Arab Reform Bulletin Editor Michele Dunne.
While Egypt's Muslim Brotherhood and its new Freedom and Justice Party have gone to lengths to clarify their stances on social issues and the relation between religion and the state, they must further clarify their relationship to each other and allow the party a sufficient level of independence.
The Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) has invited the Kingdom of Morocco to join. However, there are concerns over the effects joining the GCC could have on political reforms promised by King Mohammed VI.
Youth protesters in Mauritania have grown increasingly bold in calling for political and social reforms and are likely to significantly affect the tone and direction of politics in the months ahead.
Recent sectarian clashes in Cairo and ongoing tensions in Qena highlight the mobilizing power of religion in post-revolution Egypt and raise concerns over how inter-religious relations will be handled by future governments.
Since protests began in Bahrain, the island’s rulers have employed harsh measures in order to silence all opposition and create an uncontested narrative of events.
Though the youth sparked and mobilized Yemen’s revolution, their lack of unity and organization led to their marginalization by more experienced political actors who rode the wave of popular protest to reach positions of power.
Ennahda, the previously banned Tunisian Islamist party, has entered the new era with a moderate political discourse. However, it faces several challenges and will have to clarify its position on the state's secularism.
Fatah and Hamas share a parochial perspective on elections, with each looking to exploit the issue in order to gain the upper hand against its rival and shore up its battered legitimacy.
Cases of relative stability today in the Arab world do not solely stem from whether the system in question is a monarchy or a republic, but also from the degree of social and political pluralism in society and how it is channeled.
While the popular revolution in Tunisia drew strength from its lack of leadership, the absence of a unified voice for the revolution has led to a an incoherent and muddled transition process.
Voter approval of constitutional amendments in Egypt provides a strong boost to the military-led transition process, however the Supreme Council of the Armed Forces has yet to announce the schedule of elections or clarify the electoral procedures that will govern them.
The king has promised significant constitutional reforms; will he allow changes that would lessen his own powers?
The “native-foreigner” issue has a long history in Bahrain and implications for stability in countries throughout the Gulf.
Syria’s relative lack of civil society freedom might insulate its government from Egyptian style demonstrations for now, while the greater level of contact between the regime and society might protect it from a rebellion akin to Libya’s.
In order for Iraq to maximize petroleum wealth and meet the country’s economic demands, clearer lines of authority between the central government and the regional governments need to be drawn and Baghdad may have to manage resources more directly.
Facing a polarized political atmosphere and the specter of international tribunal findings that are expected to shake Lebanon’s stability, Prime Minister-designate Najib Mikati may not be able to deliver on his promise to create a national unity government.
Prime Minister Bakhit’s mixed record on political reform raises questions about whether his cabinet will implement changes that insulate Jordan from the pressure of mass protests.
Gulf parliaments have come to provide some semblance of democratic representation, but all are struggling against dominant regimes and must organize politically and carve out a distinctive role to better represent the people.