Indian state institutions haven’t kept up with the country’s political and economic transformations. Now, India’s new government has three clear pathways to deliver much-needed reforms.
This election confirms what has been increasingly evident over the past five years: that the BJP, under Modi’s tutelage, has constructed a political hegemony that is impressively resilient.
The next government in India will confront significant tests in managing relations with the great powers and India's neighbors.
The post-election government in New Delhi—which could see Modi’s return to the helm—will have to confront serious regional and global foreign policy challenges.
In Indian politics, there are neither permanent friends nor permanent enemies. Both the BJP and Congress Party are doing the election math that would lead to a winning coalition.
At the very moment when secularism is on the ropes in India, its defenders appear to have abandoned it.
If federalism is the glue that has kept the world’s largest democracy together, there are growing signs that this adhesive is becoming unstuck.
The BJP government is getting nervous about its reelection chances, but the race remains the BJP’s to lose.
The Congress Party’s newest campaigner may not actually contest elections, but she will likely narrow a funding gap in a country where winning votes costs serious money.
The BJP will have a hard time replicating its 2014 performance in Uttar Pradesh this year. But as India's biggest electoral prize, the state is make-or-break.