One political party dominates the world’s largest democracy. Why has India’s BJP become so powerful?
The Congress must stem its electoral bleeding, and also rejuvenate its atrophied party organization.
The BJP’s emerging hegemony should not be conflated with electoral invincibility. As recent elections have demonstrated in states such as Bihar, Delhi, and Karnataka, the party is fallible.
India’s Supreme Court correctly ruled that only Parliament can disqualify candidates facing criminal charges. But both Parliament and the Court have a responsibility to address the criminalization of Indian politics.
As the government of Prime Minister Narendra Modi approaches the end of its term, India is preparing for nationwide general elections in the spring of 2019.
The BJP is the front-runner in India’s 2019 elections, but its political standing suggests that dominance could be a liability rather than an asset.
Muslim MPs currently occupy 19 seats of the Lok Sabha (or 3.5 percent of its members), the lowest figure since 1952.
Electoral finance reforms could relax limits on expenditures, but should also feature full transparency with adequate verification and enforcement mechanisms.
The rise of wealthy candidates is driven by the weak representative role of India’s elected politicians, which discourages quality governance and leads elected politicians to view their election campaign as an economic investment in the future.
Costlier elections may not result from lower levels of morality in the political class or from a surge in bribe giving. They instead likely flow from rising levels of political competition.