Democracy and Governance

    • Commentary

    Does Democracy Promotion Have a Future?

    Thomas Carothers analyzes current challenges to democracy promotion in "Does Democracy Promotion Have a Future?" published in a new book on Democracy and Development, edited by Bernard Berendsen ( KIT Publishers, Amsterdam).

    • Event

    What Future for Democracy Promotion in U.S. Foreign Policy after Bush?

    To better understand how the U.S. and the West can successfully promote democracy, Carnegie Europe convened a panel of experts to discuss the Bush administration’s past mistakes, challenges to democracy in the Middle East, and the European perspective on democracy promotion and the ‘League of Democracies.’

    • Event

    Democracy Promotion in the Middle East: Restoring Credibility

    In order to fix democracy promotion, the United States must first restore its own credibility by setting and sticking to modest goals and toning down its rhetoric. Efforts must combine top-down pressure on governments with bottom-up pressure from civil society.

    • Commentary

    Regions Vying For Funding And Influence

    President Dmitry Medvedev's first month on the job has provided a good opportunity to analyze the developing relationship between the new leader and the regions. Most important, we have seen a continuation of Moscow's policy toward the regions that was initiated last autumn with the appointment of Dmitry Kozak as the regional development minister. And contrary to many predictions, no major shakedowns have taken place, and it doesn't appear that there will be any in the near future -- not in the gubernatorial ranks or the replacement of heavyweights, such as Mayor Yury Luzhkov.

    • Commentary

    Democracy Promotion in the Middle East: Restoring Credibility

    Democracy Promotion in the Middle EastU.S. democracy promotion efforts in the Middle East should focus on realistic political reform goals that correspond both to regional realities and the limited degree of actual U.S. influence. The most pressing issue facing Arab countries is the development of political systems that can contend with evolving socio-economic realities and open participation to political opposition, argues Carnegie Middle East Program Director Marina Ottaway.

    • Event

    Is the League of Democracies a good idea?

    The greatest challenges the United States faces—including nuclear proliferation, energy, Iraq, Middle East peace, and climate change—all require close U.S. cooperation with autocratic regimes. As a result, the proposed League of Democracies would unnecessarily antagonize and alienate countries central to the future of U.S. foreign policy.

    • Commentary

    An Unwanted League

    Washington insiders are calling for the establishment of a League of Democracies to tackle the world's problems. But the last thing people in other countries are looking for from the next administration is a high-profile initiative tying democracy promotion to the global U.S. security agenda.

    • Commentary

    Siloviki Offer Eyes and Ears

    When Vladimir Putin became acting president in January 2000, he appointed his trusted colleagues as presidential envoys, including many from the Federal Security Service. After his inauguration in May of that year, Putin announced federal reforms that included the appointments of presidential envoys consisting largely of military officials. Now there have been a few, insignificant changes among the president's "eyes and ears" in the federal districts. The presidential envoys, who hold equal status with the deputy prime ministers, are a continuation of Putin's policy of "divide and conquer" -- this time applied to the regions.

    • Commentary

    Putin's Puppet Press

    During Vladimir Putin's presidency, tight control of the mass media evolved as one of the Russian leadership's key political resources. It will be equally indispensable to newly inaugurated President Dmitry Medvedev.

    • Commentary

    Is a League of Democracies a Good Idea?

    Influential policy experts on both sides of the U.S. political aisle are proposing a “League of Democracies” as a way for the next administration to restore the credibility of U.S. foreign policy priorities and put democracy promotion efforts back on track. However, in a policy brief,Is a League of Democracies a Good Idea?, Thomas Carothers argues that the proposal rests on a false assumption.

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