Democracy and Governance

    • Commentary

    How The Democrats Have Been Paralysed By Bush

    • Research

    Russia at a Crossroads: Upcoming Elections Defining Issue

    Putin did not inherit a consolidated democracy when he became president in 2000, and he has not radically violated the 1993 constitution, cancelled elections, or arrested hundreds of political opponents. However, although the formal institutions of Russian democracy remain in place, the actual democratic content of these institutions has eroded considerably in the last few years.

    • Research

    Lessons Not Learned: Problems with Western Aid for Law Reform in Postcommunist Countries

    • Wade Channell
    • April 26, 2005

    The fall of the Berlin wall and the subsequent breakup of the Soviet Union presented an unparalleled opportunity for fundamental political and economic change in more than two dozen countries. As postcommunist countries sought to attain the economic development of their Western neighbors, it became clear that the existing framework of laws and institutions would not support the desired growth.

    • Testimony

    Challenges and Prospects of Political Liberalization in Egypt

    • Amr Hamzawy
    • April 21, 2005
    • House Committee on International Relations Hearing “Redefining Boundaries: Political Liberalization in the Arab World” April 21

    The path to Arab democracy continues to be problematic. A close look at the contemporary regional political scene reveals that the predominantly missing element—when compared with more successful experiences of political transformation elsewhere—is the emergence of democratic opposition movements with broad constituencies that can contest authoritarian power and force concessions.

    • Event

    The Economic and Political Situation in Eurasia: Why Russia is Not Ukraine?

    A considerable number of Russian authorities continue to believe in a conspiracy theory in which American imperialism and the CIA play a central role. This conspiracy theory extends to the recent revolutionary events in the post-Soviet countries. However, unless something drastic happens, there will be no revolution in Russia, at least in the short-term perspective.

    • Commentary

    The Problem is Getting There

    The third Arab Human Development Report, released last week, is unlikely to have as profound an effect as the first two such reports. Although the region is still changing, Arab confusion over a future agenda has vanished. The central question is no longer whether freedom and democracy represent legitimate goals of human development but rather how to promote and consolidate them.

    • Event

    Legal Reform in China: Problems and Prospects

    A joint conference on April 18 hosted by the Carnegie Endowment and the Asia Foundation featured leading experts from China and the United States to discuss the efforts that China has undertaken to reform its judicial and administrative systems.

    • Research

    Judicial Reform in China: Lessons from Shanghai

    This study seeks to answer three questions: Are interference, intracourt and intercourt influence, and judicial corruption of a lesser magnitude in Shanghai than in other parts of China? If so, what measures has Shanghai taken to accomplish this? What lessons about judicial reform in China can be learned from Shanghai’s experiences?

    • Commentary

    The End of The Beginning

    • Michael Beckley
    • April 11, 2005
    • Weekly Standard

    Junior Fellow Michael Beckley argues that a U.S. exit from Iraq is still years away.

    • Testimony

    Lessons of the Tulip Revolution

    For the third time in 18 months seriously flawed elections have brought down the government in a CIS state, and for the first time this has occurred east of the Urals, demonstrating that popular expectations in the Asian states of the former Soviet Union are not appreciably different from those in the European ones.

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