Foreign Policy

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    • Event

    The Strategy of Denial

    Join us for a conversation on Elbridge A. Colby's debut book The Strategy of Denial on the future of the United States’ defense strategy against China's growing power.

    • Paper

    How Syria Changed Turkey’s Foreign Policy

    In a bid to gain political ground at home, Ankara has launched multiple military operations in Syria. These have laid the groundwork for a more aggressive, nationalist foreign policy with profound implications for relations with the United States, Russia, and the EU.

    • Op-Ed

    China's nuclear build-up: The great distraction

    We must keep a sharp eye on China’s nuclear deployments. But we have a long head start on them and can ensure that they do not surprise us in the nuclear space. If we fail to stay focused, we may find one day that they have achieved strategic superiority with entirely new military systems that we can neither defend against nor match.

    • Carnegie.ru Commentary

    How Russia Could Recalibrate Its Relationship With Ukraine

    Despite the lessons of the last three decades, the importance of Ukraine for Russia is still greatly overstated. It’s time to carry out a long overdue reevaluation of that importance.

    • Op-Ed

    Lessons from Afghanistan

    America’s war in Afghanistan exhibits the danger of prolonging a combat mission past the point where its objective can be clearly defined and verifiably achieved, even when a record of success to date makes the cost of continuing into the future appear to be low.

    • Op-Ed

    Two ideas defeated in Kabul

    What was defeated in Afghanistan was not just the most expensive and technologically advanced army in the world, but also two ideas that had deeply influenced the Western world. The first is that democracy can be exported, and the second is that the US military is the best in the world.

    • Op-Ed

    Biden the Realist

    Biden is certainly no radical. But after decades of foreign policy radicalism that has created a string of disasters, his approach may at least begin to revitalize the United States’ role in the world.

    • Strategic Europe

    Georgian Democracy Is Dying By a Thousand Cuts

    For Georgia’s ruling party, regime survival seems to trump all other considerations. Georgian Dream’s fight with Western partners and persistent political polarization risk undoing the country’s democratic progress.

    • Looking Beyond Iran to the Persian Gulf

      Germany and Europe should not focus solely on the Iran nuclear file. Instead, they should develop a coherent and comprehensive approach to regional security that includes securing maritime routes and investing in environmental cooperation.

      • Op-Ed

      Updating the Global Refugee Regime

      The 1951 Refugee Convention is no longer suitable for today. Increased funding, strengthened enforcement mechanisms, and a new definition of refugee will help bring the global regime into the 21st century.

    Carnegie Experts on
    Foreign Policy

    • expert thumbnail - Adebahr
      Cornelius Adebahr
      Nonresident Fellow
      Carnegie Europe
      Adebahr is a nonresident fellow at Carnegie Europe. His research focuses on foreign and security policy, in particular regarding Iran and the Persian Gulf, on European and transatlantic affairs, and on citizens’ engagement.
    • expert thumbnail - Al-Saif
      Bader Al-Saif
      Nonresident Fellow
      Malcolm H. Kerr Carnegie Middle East Center
      Bader Mousa Al-Saif is a nonresident fellow at the Malcolm H. Kerr Carnegie Middle East Center in Beirut, where his research focuses on the Gulf and Arabian Peninsula.
    • expert thumbnail - Arbatov
      Alexey Arbatov
      Alexey Arbatov is the head of the Center for International Security at the Primakov National Research Institute of World Economy and International Relations.
    • expert thumbnail - Axyonova
      Vera Axyonova
      EASI-Hurford Next Generation Fellow
      Vera Axyonova is an EASI-Hurford Next Generation fellow at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.
    • expert thumbnail - Baer
      Dan Baer
      Senior Fellow
      Europe Program
      Dan Baer is a senior fellow in the Europe Program at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.
    • expert thumbnail - Balfour
      Rosa Balfour
      Director
      Carnegie Europe
      Rosa Balfour is director of Carnegie Europe. Her fields of expertise include European politics, institutions, and foreign and security policy.
    • expert thumbnail - Bateman
      Jon Bateman
      Fellow
      Cyber Policy Initiative
      Jon Bateman is a fellow in the Cyber Policy Initiative of the Technology and International Affairs Program at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.
    • expert thumbnail - Baunov
      Alexander Baunov
      Senior Fellow
      Editor in Chief of Carnegie.ru
      Carnegie Moscow Center
      Baunov is a senior fellow at the Carnegie Moscow Center and editor in chief of Carnegie.ru.
    • expert thumbnail - Blumenthal
      Marjory S Blumenthal
      Senior Fellow and Director
      Technology and International Affairs Program
      Marjory S. Blumenthal is a senior fellow and the director of the Technology and International Affairs Program at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.
    • expert thumbnail - Bort
      Christopher Bort
      Visiting Scholar
      Russia and Eurasia Program
      Chris Bort is a visiting scholar with Carnegie’s Russia and Eurasia Program.
    • expert thumbnail - Botto
      Kathryn Botto
      Senior Research Analyst
      Asia Program
      Kathryn Botto is a senior research analyst in the Asia Program at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. Her research focuses on Asian security issues, with particular emphasis on the Korean Peninsula and U.S. defense policy towards East Asia.
    • expert thumbnail - Bradford
      Anu Bradford
      Nonresident Scholar
      Europe Program
      Anu Bradford is a nonresident scholar in the Europe Program at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.
    • expert thumbnail - Brattberg
      Erik Brattberg
      Director
      Europe Program
      Fellow
      Erik Brattberg is director of the Europe Program and a fellow at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace in Washington. He is an expert on European politics and security and transatlantic relations.
    • expert thumbnail - Brown
      Frances Z. Brown
      Senior Fellow and Co-Director
      Democracy, Conflict, and Governance Program
      Frances Z. Brown is a senior fellow and co-director of Carnegie’s Democracy, Conflict, and Governance Program, who previously worked at the White House, USAID, and in nongovernmental organizations. She writes on conflict, governance, and U.S. foreign policy
    • expert thumbnail - Brown
      Nathan J. Brown
      Nonresident Senior Fellow
      Middle East Program
      Brown, a professor of political science and international affairs at George Washington University, is a distinguished scholar and author of six well-received books on Arab politics.
    • expert thumbnail - Carothers
      Thomas Carothers
      Harvey V. Fineberg Chair for Democracy Studies
      Interim President
      Thomas Carothers is interim president of the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. He is a leading authority on international support for democracy, human rights, governance, the rule of law, and civil society.
    • expert thumbnail - Carragher
      Allison Carragher
      Visiting Scholar
      Carnegie Europe
      Allison Carragher is a visiting scholar at Carnegie Europe, where she specializes in economic engagement in the Western Balkans and countries of the former Yugoslavia.
    • expert thumbnail - Chaudhuri
      Rudra Chaudhuri
      Director
      Carnegie India
      Rudra Chaudhuri is the director of Carnegie India. His primary research interests include the diplomatic history of South Asia and contemporary security issues.
    • expert thumbnail - Qi
      Chen Qi
      Resident Scholar
      Carnegie–Tsinghua Center for Global Policy
      Chen Qi is an expert on U.S.-China relations, global governance, and China’s foreign policy. Chen runs the Carnegie-Tsinghua Center for Global Policy’s U.S.-China Track II dialogue.
    • expert thumbnail - Chivvis
      Chris Chivvis
      Senior Fellow and Director
      American Statecraft Program
      Chris Chivvis is the director of the American Statecraft Program at the Carnegie Endowment.
    • expert thumbnail - Collard
      Scott Collard
      Nonresident Scholar
      Cyber Policy Initiative
      Scott Collard is a nonresident scholar in the Cyber Policy Initiative at the Carnegie Endowment.
    • expert thumbnail - Crocker
      Ryan Crocker
      Nonresident Senior Fellow
      Ryan Crocker is a nonresident senior fellow at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.
    • expert thumbnail - Davis
      Jennifer Davis
      Visiting Scholar
      Technology and International Affairs Program
      Jennifer Davis is a visiting scholar in the Technology and International Affairs Program.
    • expert thumbnail - de Waal
      Thomas de Waal
      Senior Fellow
      Carnegie Europe
      De Waal is a senior fellow with Carnegie Europe, specializing in Eastern Europe and the Caucasus region.
    • expert thumbnail - Dempsey
      Judy Dempsey
      Nonresident Senior Fellow
      Carnegie Europe
      Editor in chief
      Strategic Europe
      Dempsey is a nonresident senior fellow at Carnegie Europe and editor in chief of Strategic Europe.
    • expert thumbnail - DiMaggio
      Suzanne DiMaggio
      Senior Fellow
      Carnegie Endowment for International Peace
      Suzanne DiMaggio is a senior fellow at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, where she focuses on U.S. foreign policy toward the Middle East and Asia, especially Iran and North Korea.
    • expert thumbnail - Dunne
      Michele Dunne
      Director and Senior Fellow
      Middle East Program
      Michele Dunne is the director and a senior fellow in Carnegie’s Middle East Program, where her research focuses on political and economic change in Arab countries, particularly Egypt, as well as U.S. policy in the Middle East.
    • expert thumbnail - Dvorkin
      Vladimir Dvorkin
      Major General Dvorkin (retired) is a chief researcher at the Center for International Security at the Institute of World Economy and International Relations.
    • expert thumbnail - Engel
      Rozlyn C. Engel
      Nonresident Scholar
      American Statecraft Program
      Rozlyn C. Engel is a nonresident scholar in the American Statecraft Program at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, where she focuses on global macroeconomic risks, U.S. economic policy (foreign and domestic), and questions facing the economic intelligence community.
    • expert thumbnail - Farouk
      Yasmine Farouk
      Visiting Fellow
      Middle East Program
      Yasmine Farouk is a visiting fellow in the Middle East Program at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.
    • expert thumbnail - Feigenbaum
      Evan A. Feigenbaum
      Vice President for Studies
      Evan A. Feigenbaum is vice president for studies at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, where he oversees research in Washington, Beijing, and New Delhi on a dynamic region encompassing both East Asia and South Asia.
    • expert thumbnail - Feldstein
      Steven Feldstein
      Senior Fellow
      Democracy, Conflict, and Governance Program
      Steven Feldstein is a senior fellow in Carnegie’s Democracy, Conflict, and Governance Program, where he focuses on issues of democracy, technology, human rights, U.S. foreign policy, and Africa.
    • expert thumbnail - Gabuev
      Alexander Gabuev
      Senior Fellow and Chair
      Russia in the Asia-Pacific Program
      Carnegie Moscow Center
      Gabuev is a senior fellow and the chair of the Russia in the Asia-Pacific Program at the Carnegie Moscow Center.
    • expert thumbnail - Ghattas
      Kim Ghattas
      Nonresident Senior Fellow
      Kim Ghattas is a nonresident senior fellow at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.
    • expert thumbnail - Godement
      François Godement
      Nonresident Senior Fellow
      Asia Program
      Godement, an expert on Chinese and East Asian strategic and international affairs, is a nonresident senior fellow in the Asia Program at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.
    • expert thumbnail - Gokhale
      Vijay Gokhale
      Nonresident Senior Fellow
      Carnegie India
      Mr. Vijay Gokhale is a nonresident senior fellow at Carnegie India and the former foreign secretary of India.
    • expert thumbnail - Gottemoeller
      Rose Gottemoeller
      Nonresident Senior Fellow
      Nuclear Policy Program
      Rose Gottemoeller is a nonresident senior fellow in Carnegie’s Nuclear Policy Program. She also serves as the Frank E. and Arthur W. Payne Distinguished Lecturer at Stanford University’s Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies and is a research fellow at the Hoover Institution.
    • expert thumbnail - Haenle
      Paul Haenle
      Maurice R. Greenberg Director’s Chair
      Carnegie–Tsinghua Center for Global Policy
      Paul Haenle holds the Maurice R. Greenberg Director’s Chair at the Carnegie–Tsinghua Center based at Tsinghua University in Beijing, China. Haenle served as the director for China, Taiwan, and Mongolia Affairs on the National Security Council staffs of former presidents George W. Bush and Barack Obama prior to joining Carnegie.
    • expert thumbnail - Hassan
      Zaha Hassan
      Fellow
      Middle East Program
      Zaha Hassan is a human rights lawyer and a fellow at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.
    • expert thumbnail - Hill
      Christopher Hill
      Nonresident Senior Fellow
      Asia Program
      Ambassador Christopher Robert Hill is currently an adjunct professor at Columbia SIPA. He is a former career diplomat, a four-time ambassador, nominated by three presidents, whose last post was as ambassador to Iraq.
    • expert thumbnail - Hollis
      Duncan B. Hollis
      Nonresident Scholar
      Cyber Policy Initiative
      Duncan B. Hollis is a nonresident scholar at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace and the James E. Beasley professor of law at Temple Law School, where he also serves as the associate dean for academic affairs.
    • expert thumbnail - Hooper
      Charles Hooper
      Nonresident Scholar
      Asia Program
      Charles Hooper is a nonresident scholar in the Asia Program.
    • expert thumbnail - Kaplan
      Morgan L. Kaplan
      Fellow
      American Statecraft Program
      Morgan L. Kaplan is a fellow in the American Statecraft Program at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.
    • expert thumbnail - Kellner
      Peter Kellner
      Visiting Scholar
      Carnegie Europe
      Kellner is a visiting scholar at Carnegie Europe, where his research focuses on Brexit, populism, and electoral democracy.
    • expert thumbnail - Kleinfeld
      Rachel Kleinfeld
      Senior Fellow
      Democracy, Conflict, and Governance Program
      Rachel Kleinfeld is a senior fellow in the Democracy, Conflict, and Governance Program, where she focuses on issues of rule of law, security, and governance in post-conflict countries, fragile states, and states in transition.
    • expert thumbnail - Kolesnikov
      Andrei Kolesnikov
      Senior Fellow and Chair
      Russian Domestic Politics and Political Institutions Program
      Carnegie Moscow Center
      Kolesnikov is a senior fellow and the chair of the Russian Domestic Politics and Political Institutions Program at the Carnegie Moscow Center.
    • expert thumbnail - Kozhanov
      Nikolay Kozhanov
      Former nonresident scholar
      Foreign and Security Policy Program
      Moscow Center
      Kozhanov is a former nonresident scholar at the Carnegie Moscow Center and a contributing expert to the Moscow-based Institute of the Middle East.
    • expert thumbnail - Kühn
      Ulrich Kühn
      Nonresident Scholar
      Nuclear Policy Program
      Ulrich Kühn is a nonresident scholar at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, and the head of the arms control and emerging technologies program at the Institute for Peace Research and Security Policy at the University of Hamburg.
    • expert thumbnail - Lee
      Chung Min Lee
      Senior Fellow
      Asia Program
      Chung Min Lee is a senior fellow in Carnegie’s Asia Program. He is an expert on Korean and Northeast Asian security, defense, intelligence, and crisis management.
    • expert thumbnail - Lehne
      Stefan Lehne
      Visiting Scholar
      Carnegie Europe
      Lehne is a visiting scholar at Carnegie Europe in Brussels, where his research focuses on the post–Lisbon Treaty development of the European Union’s foreign policy, with a specific focus on relations between the EU and member states.
    • expert thumbnail - Linfield
      David Linfield
      Visiting Scholar
      Middle East Program
      David Linfield is a visiting scholar in Carnegie’s Middle East Program, where he specializes in how socioeconomic inequality is reshaping political alliances and driving new pressure for change.
    • expert thumbnail - Lonergan
      Erica D. Lonergan
      Senior Fellow
      Technology and International Affairs Program
      Dr. Erica D. Lonergan is a senior fellow in the Technology and International Affairs Program at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.
    • expert thumbnail - Mathews
      Jessica Tuchman Mathews
      Distinguished Fellow
      Mathews is a distinguished fellow at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. She served as Carnegie’s president for 18 years.
    • expert thumbnail - Medeiros
      Evan S. Medeiros
      Nonresident Senior Fellow
      Asia Program
      Evan S. Medeiros is a nonresident senior fellow in the Asia Program at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.
    • expert thumbnail - Meghji
      Sultan Meghji
      Nonresident Scholar
      Cyber Policy Initiative
      Sultan Meghji is a nonresident scholar in the Cyber Policy Initiative at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, where his research focuses on the architecture of the global financial system and the impact of artificial intelligence and quantum computing.
    • expert thumbnail - Miller
      Aaron David Miller
      Senior Fellow
      Aaron David Miller is a senior fellow at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, focusing on U.S. foreign policy.
    • expert thumbnail - Miller
      Andrew Miller
      Nonresident Scholar
      Middle East Program
      Andrew Miller is a nonresident scholar in Carnegie’s Middle East Program.
    • expert thumbnail - Movchan
      Andrey Movchan
      Nonresident Scholar
      Economic Policy Program
      Carnegie Moscow Center
      Movchan is a nonresident scholar in the Economic Policy Program at the Carnegie Moscow Center.
    • expert thumbnail - Muasher
      Marwan Muasher
      Vice President for Studies
      Muasher is vice president for studies at Carnegie, where he oversees research in Washington and Beirut on the Middle East.
    • expert thumbnail - Murtazashvili
      Jennifer B. Murtazashvili
      Nonresident Scholar
      Asia Program
      Jennifer Brick Murtazashvili is a nonresident scholar in the Asia Program at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.
    • expert thumbnail - Naím
      Moisés Naím
      Distinguished Fellow
      Moisés Naím is a distinguished fellow at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, a best-selling author, and an internationally syndicated columnist.
    • expert thumbnail - Ohanyan
      Anna Ohanyan
      Nonresident Senior Scholar
      Russia and Eurasia Program
      Anna Ohanyan is a nonresident senior scholar in the Russia and Eurasia Program.
    • expert thumbnail - Paal
      Douglas H. Paal
      Nonresident Scholar
      Asia Program
      Paal previously served as vice chairman of JPMorgan Chase International and as unofficial U.S. representative to Taiwan as director of the American Institute in Taiwan.
    • expert thumbnail - Page
      Matthew T. Page
      Nonresident Scholar
      Democracy, Conflict, and Governance Program
      Matthew T. Page is a nonresident scholar at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.
    • expert thumbnail - Pal
      Deep Pal
      Visiting Fellow
      Asia Program
      Deep Pal is a visiting fellow in the Asia program at Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.
    • expert thumbnail - Panda
      Ankit Panda
      Stanton Senior Fellow
      Nuclear Policy Program
      Ankit Panda is the Stanton Senior Fellow in the Nuclear Policy Program at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.
    • expert thumbnail - Xun
      Pang Xun
      Resident Scholar
      Carnegie–Tsinghua Center for Global Policy
      Pang Xun is a resident scholar at the Carnegie–Tsinghua Center for Global Policy, where she is part of the China and the Developing World Program.
    • expert thumbnail - Pierini
      Marc Pierini
      Visiting Scholar
      Carnegie Europe
      Pierini is a visiting scholar at Carnegie Europe, where his research focuses on developments in the Middle East and Turkey from a European perspective.
    • Philip Remler
      Nonresident Scholar
      Russia and Eurasia Program
      Philip Remler is a nonresident scholar at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.
    • expert thumbnail - Reynolds
      Nathaniel Reynolds
      Nonresident Scholar
      Russia and Eurasia Program
      Nathaniel Reynolds is a nonresident scholar in the Russia and Eurasia Program at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.
    • expert thumbnail - Sadjadpour
      Karim Sadjadpour
      Senior Fellow
      Middle East Program
      Karim Sadjadpour is a senior fellow at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, where he focuses on Iran and U.S. foreign policy toward the Middle East.
    • expert thumbnail - Samorukov
      Maxim Samorukov
      Fellow
      Deputy Editor of Carnegie.ru
      Carnegie Moscow Center
      Samorukov is a fellow at the Carnegie Moscow Center and deputy editor of Carnegie.ru.
    • expert thumbnail - Sasse
      Gwendolyn Sasse
      Nonresident Senior Fellow
      Carnegie Europe
      Sasse is a nonresident senior fellow at Carnegie Europe. Her research focuses on Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union, EU enlargement, and comparative democratization.
    • expert thumbnail - Sayigh
      Yezid Sayigh
      Senior Fellow
      Malcolm H. Kerr Carnegie Middle East Center
      Yezid Sayigh is a senior fellow at the Malcolm H. Kerr Carnegie Middle East Center in Beirut, where he leads the program on Civil-Military Relations in Arab States (CMRAS). His work focuses on the comparative political and economic roles of Arab armed forces and nonstate actors, the impact of war on states and societies, and the politics of postconflict reconstruction and security sector transformation in Arab transitions, and authoritarian resurgence.
    • expert thumbnail - Schoff
      James L. Schoff
      Senior Fellow
      Asia Program
      James L. Schoff is a senior fellow in the Carnegie Asia Program. His research focuses on U.S.-Japan relations and regional engagement, Japanese technology innovation, and regional trade and security dynamics.
    • expert thumbnail - Schwemlein
      James Schwemlein
      Nonresident Scholar
      South Asia Program
      James Schwemlein is a nonresident scholar in the South Asia Program at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.
    • expert thumbnail - Zhiqin
      Shi Zhiqin
      Resident Scholar
      Carnegie–Tsinghua Center for Global Policy
      An expert on European issues, Shi Zhiqin runs a program on China-EU Relations at the Carnegie-Tsinghua Center for Global Policy.
    • expert thumbnail - Sokolsky
      Richard Sokolsky
      Nonresident Senior Fellow
      Russia and Eurasia Program
      Richard Sokolsky is a nonresident senior fellow in Carnegie’s Russia and Eurasia Program. His work focuses on U.S. policy toward Russia in the wake of the Ukraine crisis.
    • expert thumbnail - Staniland
      Paul Staniland
      Nonresident Scholar
      South Asia Program
      Paul Staniland is a nonresident scholar in the South Asia Program at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.
    • expert thumbnail - Stronski
      Paul Stronski
      Senior Fellow
      Russia and Eurasia Program
      Paul Stronski is a senior fellow in Carnegie’s Russia and Eurasia Program, where his research focuses on the relationship between Russia and neighboring countries in Central Asia and the South Caucasus.
    • expert thumbnail - Stuenkel
      Oliver Stuenkel
      Nonresident Scholar
      Democracy, Conflict, and Governance Program
      Oliver Stuenkel is an associate professor at the School of International Relations at Fundação Getulio Vargas (FGV) in São Paulo, Brazil. He is also a nonresident scholar affiliated with the Democracy, Conflict, and Governance Program at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. His research focuses on Latin American politics and foreign policy, as well as China’s and the United States’ role in Latin America.
    • expert thumbnail - Xuefeng
      Sun Xuefeng
      Resident Scholar
      Carnegie–Tsinghua Center for Global Policy
      Sun Xuefeng specializes in the rise of great powers and international relations theory. At Carnegie-Tsinghua Center for Global Policy, he runs a program examining the international and regional implications of China’s rise.
    • expert thumbnail - Sushentsov
      Andrey Sushentsov
      EASI-Hurford Next Generation Fellow
      Andrey Sushentsov is an EASI-Hurford Next Generation fellow at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace focused on Russian policy toward Ukraine and the future of Russian-Ukrainian interdependence.
    • expert thumbnail - Xiaoyang
      Tang Xiaoyang
      Deputy Director
      Carnegie–Tsinghua Center for Global Policy
      Tang Xiaoyang is a resident scholar and the deputy director of the Carnegie–Tsinghua Center for Global Policy and the vice chair and a professor in the Department of International Relations at Tsinghua University. His research interests include political philosophy, global modernization processes, and China’s engagement with developing countries.
    • expert thumbnail - Tellis
      Ashley J. Tellis
      Tata Chair for Strategic Affairs
      Ashley J. Tellis holds the Tata Chair for Strategic Affairs and is a senior fellow at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, specializing in international security and U.S. foreign and defense policy with a special focus on Asia and the Indian subcontinent.
    • expert thumbnail - Trenin
      Dmitri Trenin
      Director
      Carnegie Moscow Center
      Trenin, director of the Carnegie Moscow Center, has been with the center since its inception. He also chairs the research council and the Foreign and Security Policy Program.
    • expert thumbnail - Ülgen
      Sinan Ülgen
      Visiting Scholar
      Carnegie Europe
      Ülgen is a visiting scholar at Carnegie Europe in Brussels, where his research focuses on Turkish foreign policy, nuclear policy, cyberpolicy, and transatlantic relations.
    • expert thumbnail - Vaishnav
      Milan Vaishnav
      Director and Senior Fellow
      South Asia Program
      Vaishnav’s primary research focus is the political economy of India, and he examines issues such as corruption and governance, state capacity, distributive politics, and electoral behavior.
    • expert thumbnail - Vimont
      Pierre Vimont
      Senior Fellow
      Carnegie Europe
      Vimont is a senior fellow at Carnegie Europe. His research focuses on the European Neighborhood Policy, transatlantic relations, and French foreign policy.
    • Jodi Vittori
      Nonresident Scholar
      Democracy, Conflict, and Governance Program
      Jodi Vittori is a nonresident scholar in the Democracy, Conflict, and Governance Program. She is an expert on the linkages of corruption, state fragility, illicit finance, and U.S. national security.
    • expert thumbnail - Volpe
      Tristan Volpe
      Nonresident Fellow
      Nuclear Policy Program
      Tristan Volpe is a nonresident fellow at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace and assistant professor of defense analysis at the Naval Postgraduate School.
    • expert thumbnail - Walles
      Jake Walles
      Nonresident Senior Fellow
      Middle East Program
      Jake Walles is a nonresident senior fellow in the Middle East Program at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, where he focuses on Israeli-Palestinian issues, Tunisia, and counterterrorism.
    • expert thumbnail - Wehrey
      Frederic Wehrey
      Senior Fellow
      Middle East Program
      Frederic Wehrey is a senior fellow in the Middle East Program at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. His research deals with armed conflict, security sector governance, and U.S. policy, with a focus on Libya, North Africa, and the Gulf.
    • expert thumbnail - Weiss
      Andrew S. Weiss
      James Family Chair
      Vice President for Studies
      Weiss is the James Family Chair and vice president for studies at the Carnegie Endowment, where he oversees research in Washington and Moscow on Russia and Eurasia.
    • expert thumbnail - Wertheim
      Stephen Wertheim
      Senior Fellow
      American Statecraft Program
      Stephen Wertheim is a senior fellow in the American Statecraft Program at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.
    • expert thumbnail - Xuetong
      Yan Xuetong
      President, Carnegie–Tsinghua Management Board
      Carnegie–Tsinghua Center for Global Policy
      Yan Xuetong is one of China’s leading experts on China’s foreign policy, national security, and U.S.-China relations. At Tsinghua University, he is dean of the Institute of Modern International Relations.
    • expert thumbnail - Yerkes
      Sarah Yerkes
      Senior Fellow
      Middle East Program
      Sarah Yerkes is a senior fellow in Carnegie’s Middle East Program, where her research focuses on Tunisia’s political, economic, and security developments as well as state-society relations in the Middle East and North Africa.
    • expert thumbnail - Youngs
      Richard Youngs
      Senior Fellow
      Democracy, Conflict, and Governance Program
      Richard Youngs is a senior fellow in the Democracy, Conflict, and Governance Program, based at Carnegie Europe. He works on EU foreign policy and on issues of international democracy.
    • expert thumbnail - Yovanovitch
      Marie Yovanovitch
      Senior Fellow
      Russia and Eurasia Program
      Marie Yovanovitch is a senior fellow in the Russia and Eurasia Program at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.
    • expert thumbnail - Chuanjie
      Zhang Chuanjie
      Resident Scholar
      Carnegie–Tsinghua Center for Global Policy
      Zhang Chuanjie’s expertise and program at the Carnegie-Tsinghua Center for Global Policy examines the impact of Chinese public opinion on China’s foreign policy.
    • expert thumbnail - Lihua
      Zhang Lihua
      Resident Scholar
      Carnegie–Tsinghua Center for Global Policy
      Zhang Lihua is a resident scholar at the Carnegie–Tsinghua Center for Global Policy. She is also a professor at the Department of International Relations at Tsinghua University.
    • expert thumbnail - Kejin
      Zhao Kejin
      Resident Scholar
      Carnegie–Tsinghua Center for Global Policy
      Zhao Kejin is an expert on China’s foreign policy and diplomacy. At the Carnegie-Tsinghua Center for Global Policy, he runs a program that examines the development of China’s public diplomacy.
    • expert thumbnail - Zhao
      Tong Zhao
      Senior Fellow
      Carnegie–Tsinghua Center for Global Policy
      Tong Zhao is a senior fellow in Carnegie’s Nuclear Policy Program based at the Carnegie–Tsinghua Center for Global Policy.

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