Society and Culture

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    • Op-Ed

    For the Few, By the Few

    The United States has become a plutocracy, where wealth buys political power. This threatens to erode U.S. democratic institutions and U.S. global influence.

    • Article

    Resuming Civic Activism in Turkey

    • Özge Zihnioğlu
    • December 13, 2017

    Despite a large-scale crackdown on civil society, groups in Turkey are adjusting their institutions and preserving their voices with a cautious eye to the future.

    • Op-Ed

    Seven Years On: Why Egypt Failed to Become a Democracy

    Following the resignation of former Egyptian president Hosni Mubarak, the main advocates of democratic change in Egypt failed to create a consensus over how to manage politics going forward.

    • Op-Ed

    I Was Hillary Clinton’s Chief Foreign-Policy Advisor. And I Have a #MeToo Mea Culpa.

    Every single person who works in national security and foreign policy has to confront the problem of sexual harassment squarely and thoroughly—and not stop staring it in the face until things change.

    • Op-Ed

    Fields of Despair

    The urban bias of the BJP has made the recent mobilization efforts among rural peasants relatively ineffective.

    • Testimony

    Egypt: Human Rights, Seven Years After the Revolution

    • Michele Dunne
    • December 06, 2017
    • Tom Lantos Human Rights Commission of the United States Congress

    The argument that is often made against active engagement on human rights issues in Egypt is that no matter what the United States does, the situation will not improve. This is not true.

    • Op-Ed

    Nascent Hopes

    The Arab Spring failed to quickly change the status quo, but may have set in motion a transformational process that, if managed properly, may can lead to more open and meritocratic societies across the region.

    • Sada - Analysis

    False Promises to Egyptian Youth

    • Mahmoud Farouk
    • November 30, 2017

    Sisi is targeting spaces such as youth sports clubs and even universities to further stifle political expression and discourse among youth.

    • Op-Ed

    Raja Mandala: Saudi Arabia and the Ghosts of 1979

    The ideas of religious moderation and social modernization have been steadily pushed on the defensive in the four decades since 1979. Any effort to reverse 1979, therefore, must be welcomed in the Subcontinent.

    • The Big Bet at the Heart of Xi Jinping’s “New Deal”

      Party leaders have been aware that the Chinese people increasingly demand not only economic prosperity but also social gains. It remains a question whether they will successfully meet these demands while doubling down on Leninist political principles.

    Carnegie Experts on
    Society and Culture

    • expert thumbnail - Al-Muslimi
      Farea Al-Muslimi
      Nonresident Scholar
      Middle East Center
      Al-Muslimi is a nonresident scholar at the Carnegie Middle East Center, where his research focuses on Yemeni and Gulf politics.
    • expert thumbnail - Axyonova
      Vera Axyonova
      EASI-Hurford Next Generation Fellow
      Vera Axyonova is an EASI-Hurford Next Generation fellow at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.
    • expert thumbnail - Bahout
      Joseph Bahout
      Visiting Scholar
      Middle East Program
      Joseph Bahout is a visiting scholar in Carnegie’s Middle East Program. His research focuses on political developments in Lebanon and Syria, regional spillover from the Syrian crisis, and identity politics across the region.
    • expert thumbnail - Baloch
      Bilal Baloch
      Visiting Fellow
      Bilal Baloch is a visiting fellow at Carnegie India where his research focuses on the political economy of government behavior in India and other developing democracies.
    • expert thumbnail - Baunov
      Alexander Baunov
      Senior Fellow
      Editor in Chief of Carnegie.ru
      Moscow Center
      Baunov is a senior fellow at the Carnegie Moscow Center and editor in chief of Carnegie.ru.
    • expert thumbnail - Brechenmacher
      Saskia Brechenmacher
      Associate Fellow
      Democracy and Rule of Law Program
      Saskia Brechenmacher is an associate fellow in Carnegie’s Democracy and Rule of Law Program, where her research focuses on civil society, governance, and institutional reform in post-conflict societies and hybrid political regimes.
    • expert thumbnail - Brown
      Frances Z. Brown
      Fellow
      Democracy and Rule of Law Program
      Frances Z. Brown is a fellow with Carnegie’s Democracy and Rule of Law Program, where she researches stabilization, state building, democratization, drivers of conflict, and local governance in fragile states.
    • expert thumbnail - Cammack
      Perry Cammack
      Fellow
      Middle East Program
      Perry Cammack is a fellow in the Middle East Program at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, where he focuses on long-term regional trends and their implications for American foreign policy.
    • expert thumbnail - Chayes
      Sarah Chayes
      Senior Fellow
      Democracy and Rule of Law Program
      Sarah Chayes is internationally recognized for her innovative thinking on corruption and its implications. Her work explores how severe corruption can help prompt such crises as terrorism, revolutions and their violent aftermaths, and environmental degradation.
    • expert thumbnail - El-Shimy
      Yasser El-Shimy
      Co-Director
      Program on Civil-Military Relations in Arab States
      Carnegie Middle East Center
      Yasser El-Shimy is the co-director of the Program on Civil-Military Relations in Arab States at the Carnegie Middle East Center.
    • expert thumbnail - Federici
      Vittoria Federici
      Co-Director
      Program on Civil-Military Relations in Arab States
      Carnegie Middle East Center
      Vittoria Federici is the co-director of the Program on Civil-Military Relations in Arab States at the Carnegie Middle East Center, where her work focuses on defense affairs and security issues related to North Africa and the Levant.
    • expert thumbnail - Ghattas
      Kim Ghattas
      Senior Visiting Fellow
      Kim Ghattas is a senior visiting fellow at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, where she is focused on writing a book about the impact of the rivalry between Iran and Saudi Arabia on the wider region since 1979.
    • expert thumbnail - Holden
      John L. Holden
      Nonresident Senior Fellow
      Asia Program
      Holden is a nonresident senior fellow in the Carnegie Asia Program. He also advises corporations and other organizations on their operations in China and assists Chinese companies overseas.
    • expert thumbnail - Jarábik
      Balázs Jarábik
      Nonresident Scholar
      Russia and Eurasia Program
      Jarábik is a nonresident scholar focusing on Eastern and Central Europe with particular focus on Ukraine.
    • expert thumbnail - Kellner
      Peter Kellner
      Visiting Scholar
      Carnegie Europe
      Kellner is a visiting scholar at Carnegie Europe, where his research focuses on Brexit, populism, and electoral democracy.
    • expert thumbnail - Khaddour
      Kheder Khaddour
      Nonresident Scholar
      Middle East Center
      Kheder Khaddour is a nonresident scholar at the Carnegie Middle East Center in Beirut. His research centers on civil military relations and local identities in the Levant, with a focus on Syria.
    • expert thumbnail - Lehne
      Stefan Lehne
      Visiting Scholar
      Carnegie Europe
      Lehne is a visiting scholar at Carnegie Europe in Brussels, where his research focuses on the post–Lisbon Treaty development of the European Union’s foreign policy, with a specific focus on relations between the EU and member states.
    • expert thumbnail - Lynch
      Marc Lynch
      Nonresident Senior Fellow
      Middle East Program
      Marc Lynch is a nonresident senior fellow in Carnegie’s Middle East Program where his work focuses on the politics of the Arab world.
    • expert thumbnail - Misra
      R.K. Misra
      Nonresident Scholar
      Carnegie India
      R.K. Misra is a nonresident scholar at Carnegie India. Based in Bangalore, he will drive Carnegie India’s Technology Forum Initiative and engage with technology innovators and policymakers.
    • expert thumbnail - Movchan
      Andrey Movchan
      Senior Fellow and Director
      Economic Policy Program
      Moscow Center
      Movchan is a senior fellow and director of the Economic Policy Program at the Carnegie Moscow Center.
    • expert thumbnail - Sayigh
      Yezid Sayigh
      Senior Fellow
      Middle East Center
      Sayigh is a senior fellow at the Carnegie Middle East Center in Beirut, where his work focuses on the Syrian crisis, the political role of Arab armies, security sector transformation in Arab transitions, the reinvention of authoritarianism, and the Israeli-Palestinian conflict and peace process.
    • expert thumbnail - Shah
      Aqil Shah
      Nonresident Scholar
      South Asia Program
      Aqil Shah is a nonresident scholar in the South Asia Program at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.
    • expert thumbnail - Stronski
      Paul Stronski
      Senior Fellow, Russia and Eurasia Program
      Paul Stronski is a senior fellow in Carnegie’s Russia and Eurasia Program, where his research focuses on the relationship between Russia and neighboring countries in Central Asia and the South Caucasus.
    • expert thumbnail - Wehrey
      Frederic Wehrey
      Senior Fellow
      Middle East Program
      Wehrey specializes in post-conflict transitions, armed groups, and identity politics, with a focus on Libya, North Africa, and the Gulf.
    • expert thumbnail - Yahya
      Maha Yahya
      Director
      Middle East Center
      Yahya is director of the Carnegie Middle East Center, where her research focuses on citizenship, pluralism, and social justice in the aftermath of the Arab uprisings.
    • expert thumbnail - Yerkes
      Sarah Yerkes
      Fellow
      Middle East Program
      Sarah Yerkes is a fellow in Carnegie’s Middle East Program, where her research focuses on Tunisia’s political, economic, and security developments as well as state-society relations in the Middle East and North Africa.
    • expert thumbnail - Youngs
      Richard Youngs
      Senior Fellow
      Democracy and Rule of Law Program
      Youngs is an expert on the foreign policy of the European Union, in particular on questions of democracy support.

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