Society and Culture

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    • Op-Ed

    The Virtual President

    Under Russian President Medvedev, the Kremlin’s efforts to develop and execute concrete solutions to Russia’s many challenges have been replaced by a constant stream of polemical sound bites and vague slogans.

    • Op-Ed

    Go Medvedev!

    Scientific and technological progress will not, on their own, lead to improvements in the political realm. The economy cannot be effective if the political system is insufficiently free.

    • Op-Ed

    The Children of Stalin

    Stalin’s growing popularity in Russia is less a function of an organized state propaganda effort to promote him than it is a result of the government’s lack of interest in setting the historical record straight on Stalin. Attention is increasingly focused on the greatness of the country and its achievements under Stalin’s rule.

    • Book

    Getting to Pluralism: Political Actors in the Arab World

    This volume examines the Arab world’s major political actors, assesses the weaknesses of secular parties, and evaluates how incumbent regimes have maintained their grip on power in spite of reform-oriented claims.

    • Policy Outlook

    Losing the Caucasus

    Despite the official end of Russia’s counter-terrorist operation in Chechnya, armed clashes and terrorist attacks continue to plague North Caucasus. Open conflict is on the verge of becoming inevitable.

    • Op-Ed

    Where Violence Flourishes

    The upsurge of violence in Russia's North Caucasus region is the result of the incompetence of local authorities and the Kremlin’s failure or reluctance to seriously address the issues of the region.

    • Op-Ed

    The Medvedev Show

    From Putin’s staged call-in show to Medvedev’s "citizens vs. officials" program, Russia’s virtual politics provides only the illusion of government transparency and improvement.

    • TV/Radio Broadcast

    Unrest in the Caucasus

    As violence in the North Caucasus surges, Kremlin policies and its loyal, but brutal, local leaders have played a critical role in causing the situation.

    • Op-Ed

    At Least 19 Killed in Suicide Bomb Attack

    • Alexey Malashenko
    • August 17, 2009
    • RFI

    A suicide bomb attack that killed 19 people and wounded at least 58 in Ingushetia was likely intended as retaliation for President Yevkurov’s determination to intensify his fight against Islamic extremists.

    • Article

    Chechen Murders Put Kadyrov In the Hot Seat

    Questions remain whether Chechen President Ramzan Kadyrov ordered the recent murders of human rights activists in Chechnya, or whether the crimes were an attempt by his opponents to discredit his leadership.

Carnegie Experts on
Society and Culture

  • expert thumbnail - Al-Saif
    Bader Al-Saif
    Nonresident Fellow
    Carnegie Middle East Center
    Bader Mousa Al-Saif is a nonresident fellow at the Carnegie Middle East Center in Beirut, where his research focuses on the Gulf and Arabian Peninsula.
  • expert thumbnail - Axyonova
    Vera Axyonova
    EASI-Hurford Next Generation Fellow
    Vera Axyonova is an EASI-Hurford Next Generation fellow at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.
  • expert thumbnail - Baer
    Dan Baer
    Senior Fellow
    Europe Program
    Dan Baer is a senior fellow in the Europe program at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.
  • expert thumbnail - Balfour
    Rosa Balfour
    Director
    Carnegie Europe
    Rosa Balfour is director of Carnegie Europe. Her fields of expertise include European politics, institutions, and foreign and security policy.
  • expert thumbnail - Baunov
    Alexander Baunov
    Senior Fellow
    Editor in Chief of Carnegie.ru
    Carnegie Moscow Center
    Baunov is a senior fellow at the Carnegie Moscow Center and editor in chief of Carnegie.ru.
  • expert thumbnail - Bellows
    Abigail Bellows
    Nonresident Scholar
    Democracy, Conflict, and Governance Program
    Abigail Bellows is a nonresident scholar in the Democracy, Conflict, and Governance Program at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace
  • expert thumbnail - Brechenmacher
    Saskia Brechenmacher
    Fellow
    Democracy, Conflict, and Governance Program
    Saskia Brechenmacher is a fellow in Carnegie’s Democracy, Conflict, and Governance Program, where her research focuses on gender, civil society, and democratic governance.
  • expert thumbnail - Brown
    Frances Z. Brown
    Senior Fellow
    Democracy, Conflict, and Governance Program
    Dr. Frances Z. Brown is a senior fellow with Carnegie’s Democracy, Conflict, and Governance Program, who previously worked at the White House, USAID, and in non-governmental organizations. She writes on conflict, governance, and U.S. foreign policy.
  • expert thumbnail - Ghattas
    Kim Ghattas
    Nonresident Senior Fellow
    Kim Ghattas is a nonresident senior fellow at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.
  • expert thumbnail - Hasan
    Harith Hasan
    Nonresident Senior Fellow
    Carnegie Middle East Center
    Harith Hasan is a nonresident senior fellow at the Carnegie Middle East Center, where his research focuses on Iraq, sectarianism, identity politics, religious actors, and state-society relations.
  • H. A. Hellyer
    Nonresident Scholar
    Middle East Program
    Dr. H.A. Hellyer is a senior associate fellow and scholar at the Royal United Services Institute in London and a nonresident scholar at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. His research focuses on politics, international relations, security, and religion in the West and the Arab world.
  • expert thumbnail - Ichihara
    Maiko Ichihara
    Visiting Scholar
    Democracy, Conflict, and Governance Program
    Maiko Ichihara is associate professor in the Graduate School of Law at Hitotsubashi University, Japan, and a visiting scholar at Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.
  • expert thumbnail - Jaffrey
    Sana Jaffrey
    Nonresident Scholar
    Asia Program
    Sana Jaffrey is a nonresident scholar in the Asia Program at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. Her research focuses on violent conflict and the challenges of state-building in developing democracies.
  • expert thumbnail - Kellner
    Peter Kellner
    Visiting Scholar
    Carnegie Europe
    Kellner is a visiting scholar at Carnegie Europe, where his research focuses on Brexit, populism, and electoral democracy.
  • expert thumbnail - Khaddour
    Kheder Khaddour
    Nonresident Scholar
    Carnegie Middle East Center
    Kheder Khaddour is a nonresident scholar at the Carnegie Middle East Center in Beirut. His research centers on civil military relations and local identities in the Levant, with a focus on Syria.
  • expert thumbnail - Kozhanov
    Nikolay Kozhanov
    Former nonresident scholar
    Foreign and Security Policy Program
    Moscow Center
    Kozhanov is a former nonresident scholar at the Carnegie Moscow Center and a contributing expert to the Moscow-based Institute of the Middle East.
  • expert thumbnail - Lehne
    Stefan Lehne
    Visiting Scholar
    Carnegie Europe
    Lehne is a visiting scholar at Carnegie Europe in Brussels, where his research focuses on the post–Lisbon Treaty development of the European Union’s foreign policy, with a specific focus on relations between the EU and member states.
  • expert thumbnail - Meddeb
    Hamza Meddeb
    Nonresident Scholar
    Carnegie Middle East Center
    Hamza Meddeb is a nonresident scholar at the Carnegie Middle East Center, where his research focuses on economic reform, political economy of conflicts, and border insecurity across the Middle East and North Africa.
  • expert thumbnail - Miller
    Andrew Miller
    Nonresident Scholar
    Middle East Program
    Andrew Miller is a nonresident scholar in Carnegie’s Middle East Program.
  • expert thumbnail - Misra
    R.K. Misra
    Nonresident Scholar
    Carnegie India
    R.K. Misra is a nonresident scholar at Carnegie India. Based in Bengaluru, he drives Carnegie India’s Technology and Society program, and engages with technology innovators and policymakers.
  • expert thumbnail - Movchan
    Andrey Movchan
    Nonresident Scholar
    Economic Policy Program
    Carnegie Moscow Center
    Movchan is a nonresident scholar in the Economic Policy Program at the Carnegie Moscow Center.
  • expert thumbnail - Nagi
    Ahmed Nagi
    Nonresident Scholar
    Carnegie Middle East Center
    Ahmed Nagi is a nonresident scholar at the Carnegie Middle East Center in Beirut, where his research centers on Yemen.
  • expert thumbnail - Nelson
    Michael Nelson
    Senior Fellow and Director
    Technology and International Affairs Program
    Mike Nelson directs the Carnegie Endowment’s Technology and International Affairs Program, which studies the implications of emerging technologies, including digital technologies, biotechnology, and artificial intelligence.
  • expert thumbnail - Sayigh
    Yezid Sayigh
    Senior Fellow
    Carnegie Middle East Center
    Yezid Sayigh is a senior fellow at the Carnegie Middle East Center in Beirut, where he leads the program on Civil-Military Relations in Arab States (CMRAS). His work focuses on the comparative political and economic roles of Arab armed forces and nonstate actors, the impact of war on states and societies, and the politics of postconflict reconstruction and security sector transformation in Arab transitions, and authoritarian resurgence.
  • expert thumbnail - Singh
    Anu Singh
    Deputy Director
    Carnegie India
    Anu Singh is deputy director of Carnegie India. She has a wide range of experience in the area of education.
  • expert thumbnail - Stronski
    Paul Stronski
    Senior Fellow
    Russia and Eurasia Program
    Paul Stronski is a senior fellow in Carnegie’s Russia and Eurasia Program, where his research focuses on the relationship between Russia and neighboring countries in Central Asia and the South Caucasus.
  • expert thumbnail - Wehrey
    Frederic Wehrey
    Senior Fellow
    Middle East Program
    Frederic Wehrey is a senior fellow in the Middle East Program at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. His research deals with armed conflict, security sectors, and identity politics, with a focus on Libya, North Africa, and the Gulf.
  • expert thumbnail - Yahya
    Maha Yahya
    Director
    Carnegie Middle East Center
    Yahya is director of the Carnegie Middle East Center, where her research focuses on citizenship, pluralism, and social justice in the aftermath of the Arab uprisings.
  • expert thumbnail - Yerkes
    Sarah Yerkes
    Senior Fellow
    Middle East Program
    Sarah Yerkes is a senior fellow in Carnegie’s Middle East Program, where her research focuses on Tunisia’s political, economic, and security developments as well as state-society relations in the Middle East and North Africa.
  • expert thumbnail - Youngs
    Richard Youngs
    Senior Fellow
    Democracy, Conflict, and Governance Program
    Richard Youngs is a senior fellow in the Democracy, Conflict, and Governance Program, based at Carnegie Europe. He works on EU foreign policy and on issues of international democracy.

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