Egypt’s current government has the chance to oversee a smooth transition toward democratic governance by delegating the army to handle security, dissolving the parliament, amending the constitution to secure political and civil liberties, and initiating domestic reform policies.
The United States should encourage a quick and peaceful end to the current crisis in Egypt and do what it can to support the establishment of a new democracy in the country.
As unrest in Egypt continues, no formal leader has emerged who can represent the variety of protesters who have taken to the street, leaving it unclear who will negotiate with the regime on the protesters’ behalf.
The current protests in Tunisia and Egypt and the subsequent unrest in the region provide an incentive for Arab states to address political reform and the Arab-Israeli peace process in tandem.
The unrest in Egypt is growing increasingly violent and the longer the protests continue, the more difficult it will be for the Mubarak regime and the protesters to reach an agreement.
As Egypt hovers on threshold of transition toward democratic governance, the current regime has an opportunity to administer a peaceful transition of power by responding to the demands of the Egyptian people.
A major change in the Egyptian government might affect Egypt’s policy toward Gaza and its role in the Arab League, but it is unlikely to have a significant impact on the Israeli-Palestinian peace process.
While the crisis in Egypt will have major implications across the Arab world, the peace process will not be significantly affected. The country that will be most crucial in charting a new path forward for the Israeli-Palestinian peace process is Saudi Arabia, not Egypt.
Other Arab regimes are right to worry about the possibility of an uprising in their own nations; the same combination of economic hardship, political corruption, and repression that inspired protests in Tunisia and Egypt exist in all Arab countries outside the Gulf.
A change in Egyptian leadership would bring to end nearly three decades of uninterrupted rule and have significant implications for the region’s balance of power.