As Egypt hovers on threshold of transition toward democratic governance, the current regime has an opportunity to administer a peaceful transition of power by responding to the demands of the Egyptian people.
A major change in the Egyptian government might affect Egypt’s policy toward Gaza and its role in the Arab League, but it is unlikely to have a significant impact on the Israeli-Palestinian peace process.
While the crisis in Egypt will have major implications across the Arab world, the peace process will not be significantly affected. The country that will be most crucial in charting a new path forward for the Israeli-Palestinian peace process is Saudi Arabia, not Egypt.
Other Arab regimes are right to worry about the possibility of an uprising in their own nations; the same combination of economic hardship, political corruption, and repression that inspired protests in Tunisia and Egypt exist in all Arab countries outside the Gulf.
A change in Egyptian leadership would bring to end nearly three decades of uninterrupted rule and have significant implications for the region’s balance of power.
In the wake of the protests in Tunisia and Egypt, the United States has an opportunity to assist countries transition into stable democracies and to pressure allies in the Arab world to implement reforms before it is too late.
The continuing unrest in Egypt will have longstanding consequences both in the region and for U.S. foreign policy initiatives, including the war on terror and Arab-Israeli peace.
The demonstrators in Egypt have not been placated by President Mubarak’s recent announcement that he will not stand for reelection. If Mubarak remains in power, the protests are likely to continue.
As the popular uprising against Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak continues and the pro-western government of Lebanese Prime Minister Saad Hariri is replaced by a government supported by Hezbollah, the United States is losing key allies in the region.
In the wake of the protests, the United States has an opportunity to publicly promote the emergence of governments in the region that respect democracy and human rights and to aid Tunisia and Egypt in making successful democratic transitions.