Markets have been slow to adjust to the multi-dimensional perils of cyber risk.
Different governments have different objectives on encryption. Most would list counterterrorism and law enforcement, but others have concerns about foreign intelligence and the relationships foreign companies have with their own governments.
As digital surveillance abuse challenges national security, what can national and foreign governments do to curb this breach of privacy?
Burgeoning literature uses digital tools such as email to experimentally evaluate the responsiveness of political elites to requests for constituency service.
Platform representatives and leading experts debated appropriate and inappropriate synthetic and manipulated media, and whether definitions should focus on harm to users or the intent of the creators.
As fears of terrorism intensified, EU member states have demanded a European policy solution to questions around encryption.
In Brazil so far, neither legislation nor judicial decisions have drawn a definitive line on access to encrypted data.
New laws in Australia are framed as a contribution to the Five Eyes intelligence alliance. Yet the laws are controversial domestically.
As China has grown into a technological power, its encryption debate has expanded to concerns about the tension between government access and personal information protection.
Germany takes a clear and unambiguous stance on strong encryption as a fundamental element for the protection of government networks, the economy, and German citizens.