Global communication since the 1850s has always relied on an expanding web of undersea cables, but this industry has traditionally been lightly regulated and involves a wide range of stakeholders. However, data generation and use is growing in ways that make these networks more important than ever.
Rather than process fragmentation, the key challenges for cyber norms development derive from the structure of the cyber domain itself and the current alignment of incentives for state behavior.
As cyber threats multiply, efforts to establish international norms for cyber activity have created a disjointed ecosystem. Is the fragmentation a cause for concern or an opportunity to promote cyber stability and security?
The 2020 U.S. presidential election is playing out in the shadow of disinformation, but few candidates are promising to take action against it.
At the Munich Security Conference, leaders clamored together at a still-grand-but-past-its-prime hotel in the center of Munich. Four new issues dominated the space their counterparts used to hold.
The West will thrive only if its leaders embrace and learn to harness technology and digitalization in order to strengthen democracy.
The biggest challenge that democracies face against cyber threats is to develop effective responses without undermining the very values and principles they are designed to protect.
China’s proliferation of digital authoritarian tools presents serious challenges. Its technology is used by repressive regimes to quell mass protests, monitor political opponents, and keep autocratic leaders in power.
A new Carnegie study proposes an array of specific solutions to promote Taiwan-based innovation, better leverage partnerships with United States and other international players, and bolster Taiwan’s standing in the global marketplace.
The United States has repeatedly warned its allies that their security could be compromised if they sign up to Huawei’s 5G networks. The EU countries are deeply divided over the issue.