Many states outsource their cyber operations to non-state actors, with varying degrees of control over their actions. The crisis in Ukraine is a perfect example of this phenomenon.
To understand how Iran uses cyber proxies, it’s important to understand how Tehran thinks about cyber security in the first place.
Authoritarian governments are seamlessly blending offline and online tactics into hybrid repression.
As cyberspace has emerged as the new frontier for geopolitics, states have become entrepreneurial in their sponsorship, deployment, and exploitation of hackers as proxies to project power.
It is necessary to move past the idea of artificial intelligence being a replacement for humans across the board, and begin having a deeper conversation about its effectiveness as a tool in the hands of humans.
Attempts to rein in the internet industry in democratic countries will show who really is in charge.
The four-decade-long U.S.-Iran cold war has increasingly moved into cyberspace. Tehran has become increasingly adept at conducting cyber espionage and disruptive attacks against opponents at home and abroad.
Incidents involving Iran have been among the most sophisticated, costly, and consequential attacks in the history of the internet.
New Delhi needs to turn its attention in 2018 to creating significant domestic capabilities for information operations against threats at home and abroad.
Leading technology innovators, researchers, and entrepreneurs from around the world will engage with regulators, policy experts, and civil society actors in a series of dialogues.