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The United States has embarked on the process of modernizing almost every component of its nuclear forces, sparking a debate about the costs of such a project. The Congressional Budget Office (CBO) has released a report estimating that the nuclear force plans that the Trump administration inherited from its predecessor would cost $1.2 trillion between 2017 and 2046, and outlining options to reduce or delays costs. Michael Bennett from the CBO will present the report’s findings, and Kingston Reif will discuss its implications for policy.

Michael Bennett

Michael Bennett is an analyst in the national security division at the Congressional Budget Office.

Mackenzie Eaglen

Mackenzie Eaglen is a resident fellow in the Marilyn Ware Center for Security Studies at the American Enterprise Institute, where she works on defense strategy, defense budgets, and military readiness.

Kingston Reif

Kingston Reif is the director of disarmament and threat reduction policy at the Arms Control Association. 

James Acton

James Acton is co-director of the nuclear policy program and senior fellow at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.