To help reinvigorate a consensus between nuclear weapon states and non-nuclear weapon states about the importance of upholding current Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) obligations, on February 26-27, 2008, the Government of Norway (as part of the Seven Nation Initiative) hosted an International Conference on Nuclear Disarmament in cooperation with the Nuclear Threat Initiative (NTI) and the Hoover Institution.

Norwegian Foreign Minister Jonas Gahr Støre opened the conference with former U.S. Secretary of State George P. Shultz. Keynote speeches were delivered by former Senator Sam Nunn, Co-Chairman of NTI, and Dr. Mohamed ElBaradei, Director General of the International Atomic Energy Agency, about advancing ideas for reducing nuclear dangers and a nuclear-free world. 

The aims of the conference were two-fold:

1) To identify and formulate disarmament, nonproliferation, and nuclear risk reduction proposals that can realistically be implemented in the medium-term (two-five years);

2) To discuss long-term objectives and how progress can be made toward achieving them.