This person is no longer with the Carnegie Endowment.
Amy Hawthorne is a Middle East specialist with expertise in domestic Arab politics, human rights, and the possibility of democratic change in the Arab world. She is the editor of Carnegie's Arab Reform Bulletin, a new electronic publication featuring news and analysis about Middle East political reform.
Prior to joining the Endowment in June 2002, she was a research fellow in Arab politics at the Washington Institute for Near East Policy, where she studied U.S. policy toward democratization in the Arab world. Hawthorne also covered domestic political developments in Egypt, North Africa, the Gulf, and Yemen and regional trends in political reform and human rights. From 1996 to 2000, Hawthorne was senior program officer for the Middle East at the International Foundation for Election Systems, a U.S.-based NGO, where she designed and managed democracy promotion programs across the Arab world.
As a 1991-92 Fulbright scholar in Cairo, she was affiliated with the Women's College of Al Azhar University, the Arab world's oldest and most eminent seat of Islamic learning. Later, as a graduate intern at the U.S. embassy in Cairo, she followed human rights and political Islam.
Ms. Hawthorne is a term member of the Council on Foreign Relations.
Selected Publications: "Can the U.S. Promote Democracy in the Middle East?" Current History (January 2003); "Democracy Deficit: U.S. Democracy Promotion Efforts in the Arab World," (Washington Institute for Near East Policy, forthcoming); "Human Rights in the Arab World: The State Department's 2001 Report," Policy Watch (March 2002); "Do We Want Democracy in the Middle East?" Foreign Service Journal (February 2001)