Frederic Grare

Director and Senior Associate
South Asia Program
Grare is senior associate and director of Carnegie’s South Asia Program. His research focuses on security issues and democratization in India, Afghanistan, and Pakistan. Previously, he led the Asia bureau at the Directorate for Strategic Affairs in the French Ministry of Defense.


PhD, Graduate Institute of International Studies
Advanced Degree, Paris Institut d’Etudes Politiques


English; French



Frederic Grare is senior associate and director of Carnegie’s South Asia Program. His research focuses on South Asian security issues and the search for a security architecture. He also works on India’s “Look East” policy, Afghanistan and Pakistan’s regional policies, and the tension between stability and democratization, including civil-military relations, in Pakistan.

Prior to joining Carnegie, Grare served as head of the Asia bureau at the Directorate for Strategic Affairs in the French Ministry of Defense. He also served at the French embassy in Pakistan and, from 1999 to 2003, as director of the Centre for Social Sciences and Humanities in New Delhi.

Grare has written extensively on security issues, Islamist movements, and sectarian conflict in Pakistan and Afghanistan.


  • Bangladesh Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina
    Op-Ed Diplomat February 27, 2015
    Is Bangladesh’s Crisis About to Get Much Worse?

    There seems to be no obvious exit scenario from the current turmoil in Bangladesh.

  • Pakistani PM Nawaz Sharif
    Washington Quarterly January 21, 2015
    India-Pakistan Relations: Does Modi Matter?

    The evolution of the India-Pakistan bilateral relationship is unlikely to depend primarily on New Delhi.

  • Article January 16, 2015
    What Sri Lanka’s Presidential Election Means for Foreign Policy

    Maithripala Sirisena’s election victory offers the United States and Europe a window of opportunity to help Sri Lanka resolve its long-standing domestic concerns.

  • Pakistani soldiers
    Op-Ed Tony Blair Faith Foundation January 8, 2015
    State Ambivalence Towards Jihadi Groups in Pakistan

    December’s attack on a Peshawar school by the Pakistani Taliban has sparked a public backlash. But the fight will be undermined by the state’s ambivalence toward jihadi movements.

  • India and Australia handshake
    Op-Ed Diplomatist December 22, 2014
    India’s Quest to Reengage Australia

    The Indian Prime Minister spent considerable time and energy trying to convince the Australian private sector to invest in India, as he has done in every country he has visited so far.

  • Book chapter from Reconstructing Afghanistan December 19, 2014
    Civil-Military Cooperation in Afghanistan: The French Experience

    The existence of a French civil-military cooperation in Afghanistan and the forms it took were the direct and indirect consequences of political decisions that placed French forces under U.S. command and consequently increased the pressure on the former to operate like their U.S. counterparts.

  • Pakistani troops
    Op-Ed World Politics Review November 11, 2014
    New Leadership Unlikely to Shift Priorities for Pakistan’s ISI

    The new head of Pakistan’s Inter-Services Intelligence, Lt. Gen. Rizwan Akhtar, is unlikely to make big changes in the organization’s strategic orientation or operations.

  • Op-Ed Indian Express September 29, 2014
    Lens on Modi

    The future of U.S.-India relations will ultimately depend on India’s capacity to reform itself, and therefore on the prime minister’s ability to deliver on his campaign promises to fix the structural weaknesses of his country’s economy.

  • Modi
    Op-Ed National Interest August 11, 2014
    After Modi's Big Win: Can India and Pakistan Enhance Relations?

    New Delhi will have to walk a fine line between ignoring Pakistan and keeping the door to better relations open enough to provide a real incentive for Islamabad to adopt meaningful new policies.

  • Op-Ed Tony Blair Faith Foundation June 18, 2014
    Pakistani Politics and the Afghan Peace Process

    Over the past few years Pakistan has been trying to signal that its foreign policy has changed, yet Pakistan’s strategic objectives in Afghanistan remain largely the same.

  • May 21, 2015 Washington, DC
    Modi’s China Policy

    Over the last year, Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s China policy has revealed the continuation of India’s asymmetric strategies--seeking to build multiple alignments while remaining grounded in strategic autonomy.

  • April 21, 2015 Washington, DC
    New Counterterrorism Strategies in Pakistan

    Islamabad’s efforts to combat terrorism are vital for both domestic security and regional stability.

  • April 16, 2015 Washington, DC
    Finance Minister Dar on the Revival of Pakistan’s Economy

    While Pakistan’s economy has made strides in recent years, the government continues to deal with very real setbacks, including energy challenges that have hindered fast-paced recovery.

  • March 17, 2015 Washington, DC
    The Iran Nuclear Talks and Their Implications: An Indian Perspective

    As the deadline for a deal on Iran’s nuclear program approaches, the range of possible outcomes will have implications not just for the region and for world powers at the negotiating table, but also much more broadly.

  • February 11, 2015 Washington, DC
    Sri Lanka After the Presidential Election

    Mangala Samaraweera, newly appointed foreign minister of Sri Lanka, presented the priorities of the new government and discussed the challenges ahead as parliamentary elections approach.

  • January 14, 2015 Washington, DC 中文
    The China-Pakistan Axis

    The China-Pakistan axis plays a central role in Asia’s geopolitics. For decades, each side has been the other’s only “all-weather friend,” but the relationship is still little understood.

  • November 24, 2014 Washington, DC
    Jihadist Movements in Afghanistan, Syria, and Iraq: Inevitable Rise or Policy Failure?

    How has U.S. policy failed to anticipate current developments of jihadist movements from Afghanistan to Syria?

  • November 13, 2014 Washington, DC
    Prospects for the Coalition Government in Afghanistan

    While Afghanistan may be emerging from the period of great uncertainty that followed the fraud-ridden presidential run-off of June 2014, it is far from out of the woods.

  • November 6, 2014 Washington, DC
    Pakistan’s Role in Afghanistan’s Transition

    As the deadline for withdrawal of U.S. troops in Afghanistan approaches, Afghanistan’s neighbors will have a greater impact on shaping the country’s uncertain future.

  • September 24, 2014 Washington, DC
    India First: Modi’s Approach to Foreign Policy

    While Prime Minister Modi has been able to instil a certain energy and purpose in Delhi, some key domestic imperatives and his own personal preferences are beginning to define India’s global play.


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