Frederic Grare

Director and Senior Associate
South Asia Program
Grare is senior associate and director of Carnegie’s South Asia Program. His research focuses on security issues and democratization in India, Afghanistan, and Pakistan. Previously, he led the Asia bureau at the Directorate for Strategic Affairs in the French Ministry of Defense.


PhD, Graduate Institute of International Studies
Advanced Degree, Paris Institut d’Etudes Politiques


English; French



Frederic Grare is senior associate and director of Carnegie’s South Asia Program. His research focuses on South Asian security issues and the search for a security architecture. He also works on India’s “Look East” policy, Afghanistan and Pakistan’s regional policies, and the tension between stability and democratization, including civil-military relations, in Pakistan.

Prior to joining Carnegie, Grare served as head of the Asia bureau at the Directorate for Strategic Affairs in the French Ministry of Defense. He also served at the French embassy in Pakistan and, from 1999 to 2003, as director of the Centre for Social Sciences and Humanities in New Delhi.

Grare has written extensively on security issues, Islamist movements, and sectarian conflict in Pakistan and Afghanistan.


  • Other Publications Tony Blair Faith Foundation April 9, 2014
    Situation Report: Pakistan

    Religious conflict has been part of Pakistan since its inception. While the state can be said to be a victim of its own policies, it does not face any existential threat.

  • Paper March 18, 2014
    The India-Australia Strategic Relationship: Defining Realistic Expectations

    Mutual indifference has long characterized relations between India and Australia, but the two countries’ interests are increasingly converging.

  • Op-Ed CNN March 7, 2014
    How Pakistan Moves Against Taliban Could Complicate Afghan Ties

    Pakistan’s military is set to launch a major military operation in North Waziristan, which will have a significant impact on the country’s relationship with Afghanistan.

  • Other Publications The German Marshall Fund and the Foundation for Strategic Research February 4, 2014
    Afghanistan Post-2014: Scenarios and Consequences

    As the withdrawal of U.S. and NATO forces from Afghanistan approaches, anxieties about the future of the country have increased.

  • Op-Ed CNN December 27, 2013
    Afghanistan in 2014: Importance to Stretch Well Past Borders

    Transatlantic relations may well be another long-term victim of the war in Afghanistan.

  • Article December 16, 2013
    The Year of the Voter in South Asia

    2014 will be a year of transition in South Asia. National elections in Afghanistan, India, and Bangladesh will affect both regional stability and international security.

  • Op-Ed Indian Express October 29, 2013 中文
    An Agreement Among Unequals

    China keeps sending seemingly contradictory signals, indicating that it is not ready for any meaningful compromise on the border but also that it wants a non-confrontational relationship with India.

  • Article October 22, 2013
    Discussing the Future of U.S.-Pakistan Relations

    The Pakistani leader will seek changes in the bilateral relationship during his Washington visit. If Obama makes no concessions, U.S. interests in South Asia could be in jeopardy.

  • Op-Ed Indian Express August 2, 2013 中文
    Now Press Play

    Although U.S. Vice President Biden’s visit to India received relatively limited media attention in both India and the United States, it has led to another round of questions about the state of U.S.-India relations.

  • Other Publications International Affairs July 10, 2013
    Pakistan’s Foreign and Security Policies after the 2013 General Election

    Nawaz Sharif’s biggest challenge will be to improve Pakistan’s security without provoking a military backlash.

  • April 17, 2014 Washington, DC
    The Military and Politics in Pakistan

    There has only been one peaceful transfer of power in Pakistan since the country gained independence in 1947, and the military has either directly or indirectly ruled for over three decades.

  • April 9, 2014 Washington, DC
    What to Expect in Post-Election India

    Journalist and policy expert Pramit Pal Chaudhuri assessrf India’s successes and shortcomings of the past decade and analyze how this spring’s general election is likely to affect India’s economic and foreign policy landscape.

  • March 13, 2014 Washington, DC
    From Enduring Rivalries to Enduring Peace: Enhancing Regional Stability in South Asia

    South Asia faces an array of security challenges. The ongoing U.S. withdrawal from Afghanistan, the continuing violence in Pakistan, and the region’s intense militarization are creating a heightened sense of instability and unease among South Asian states.

  • June 10, 2013 Washington, DC
    Drones and the Future of Counterterrorism in Pakistan

    While drone strikes were seen in Islamabad as a violation of the country’s sovereignty, they were also arguably an effective counterterrorism mechanism.

  • June 7, 2013 Washington, DC 中文
    Looking East: India, the United States, and the Evolving Security Architecture in East Asia

    With India’s revitalized Look East policy and the U.S. rebalance toward Asia, New Delhi’s and Washington’s interests are converging. But both initiatives face challenges in the short term.

  • May 8, 2013 Washington, DC
    Bangladesh and the Rise of the Asian Giants

    The rise of India and China holds profound implications for Bangladesh’s economy, politics, and foreign policy.

  • May 1, 2013 Washington, DC
    The Strategic Environment in South Asia

    Over the next decade, the United States, China, and India will form a critical strategic triangle while the individual relationships of these three nations with ASEAN, Iran, and Pakistan will have significant regional and global implications.

  • April 26, 2013 Almaty and Washington DC
    The Istanbul Process Ministerial: Results and Prospects for the Future

    The Istanbul Process’ Heart of Asia Ministerial Conferences can play a role in efforts to promote regional stability and security in Central and South Asia.

  • April 22, 2013 Washington, DC
    Inside Lashkar-e-Taiba

    Lashkar-e-Taiba (LeT), a Pakistani terrorist organization best known for the high-profile November 2008 attack in Mumbai, has established itself as one of the most feared groups in the region.

  • November 8, 2012 Washington, D.C.
    The Regionalization of Indian Politics and the Challenge of Coalition-building

    The 2009 Indian general elections saw the United Progressive Alliance gain a remarkable increase of seats in the National Assembly, but its success was largely due to the fragmentation of the party system resulting from the regionalization of Indian politics.


Areas of Expertise

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