Frederic Grare

Director and Senior Associate
South Asia Program
Grare is senior associate and director of Carnegie’s South Asia Program. His research focuses on security issues and democratization in India, Afghanistan, and Pakistan. Previously, he led the Asia bureau at the Directorate for Strategic Affairs in the French Ministry of Defense.


PhD, Graduate Institute of International Studies
Advanced Degree, Paris Institut d’Etudes Politiques


English; French



Frederic Grare is senior associate and director of Carnegie’s South Asia Program. His research focuses on South Asian security issues and the search for a security architecture. He also works on India’s “Look East” policy, Afghanistan and Pakistan’s regional policies, and the tension between stability and democratization, including civil-military relations, in Pakistan.

Prior to joining Carnegie, Grare served as head of the Asia bureau at the Directorate for Strategic Affairs in the French Ministry of Defense. He also served at the French embassy in Pakistan and, from 1999 to 2003, as director of the Centre for Social Sciences and Humanities in New Delhi.

Grare has written extensively on security issues, Islamist movements, and sectarian conflict in Pakistan and Afghanistan.


  • Other Publications Book chapter from Reconstructing Afghanistan December 19, 2014
    Civil-Military Cooperation in Afghanistan: The French Experience

    The existence of a French civil-military cooperation in Afghanistan and the forms it took were the direct and indirect consequences of political decisions that placed French forces under U.S. command and consequently increased the pressure on the former to operate like their U.S. counterparts.

  • Pakistani troops
    Op-Ed World Politics Review November 11, 2014
    New Leadership Unlikely to Shift Priorities for Pakistan’s ISI

    The new head of Pakistan’s Inter-Services Intelligence, Lt. Gen. Rizwan Akhtar, is unlikely to make big changes in the organization’s strategic orientation or operations.

  • Op-Ed Indian Express September 29, 2014
    Lens on Modi

    The future of U.S.-India relations will ultimately depend on India’s capacity to reform itself, and therefore on the prime minister’s ability to deliver on his campaign promises to fix the structural weaknesses of his country’s economy.

  • Modi
    Op-Ed National Interest August 11, 2014
    After Modi's Big Win: Can India and Pakistan Enhance Relations?

    New Delhi will have to walk a fine line between ignoring Pakistan and keeping the door to better relations open enough to provide a real incentive for Islamabad to adopt meaningful new policies.

  • Op-Ed Tony Blair Faith Foundation June 18, 2014
    Pakistani Politics and the Afghan Peace Process

    Over the past few years Pakistan has been trying to signal that its foreign policy has changed, yet Pakistan’s strategic objectives in Afghanistan remain largely the same.

  • Op-Ed Indian Express June 13, 2014
    2016, the Kabul Story

    The potential fallout of the relatively rapid departure of American forces by 2015 does not bode well for Afghanistan’s future, and could exacerbate India-Pakistan rivalries in Afghanistan.

  • Other Publications Australia India Institute May 12, 2014
    Beyond the Great Game: Towards a National Political Process in Afghanistan Post-2014

    Twelve years of war and billions of dollars spent in Afghanistan have neither eliminated the country’s insurgency nor dealt effectively with any of the regional irritants that have historically motivated Afghanistan’s neighbors to lend their support to various actors in the conflict.

  • Other Publications Tony Blair Faith Foundation April 9, 2014
    Situation Report: Pakistan

    Religious conflict has been part of Pakistan since its inception. While the state can be said to be a victim of its own policies, it does not face any existential threat.

  • Paper March 18, 2014
    The India-Australia Strategic Relationship: Defining Realistic Expectations

    Mutual indifference has long characterized relations between India and Australia, but the two countries’ interests are increasingly converging.

  • Op-Ed CNN March 7, 2014
    How Pakistan Moves Against Taliban Could Complicate Afghan Ties

    Pakistan’s military is set to launch a major military operation in North Waziristan, which will have a significant impact on the country’s relationship with Afghanistan.

  • November 24, 2014 Washington, DC
    Jihadist Movements in Afghanistan, Syria, and Iraq: Inevitable Rise or Policy Failure?

    How has U.S. policy failed to anticipate current developments of jihadist movements from Afghanistan to Syria?

  • November 13, 2014 Washington, DC
    Prospects for the Coalition Government in Afghanistan

    While Afghanistan may be emerging from the period of great uncertainty that followed the fraud-ridden presidential run-off of June 2014, it is far from out of the woods.

  • November 6, 2014 Washington, DC
    Pakistan’s Role in Afghanistan’s Transition

    As the deadline for withdrawal of U.S. troops in Afghanistan approaches, Afghanistan’s neighbors will have a greater impact on shaping the country’s uncertain future.

  • September 24, 2014 Washington, DC
    India First: Modi’s Approach to Foreign Policy

    While Prime Minister Modi has been able to instil a certain energy and purpose in Delhi, some key domestic imperatives and his own personal preferences are beginning to define India’s global play.

  • September 4, 2014 Washington, DC
    Fighting to the End: The Pakistan Army’s Way of War

    Pakistan’s army has locked the country in an enduring rivalry with India to revise the maps in Kashmir and to resist India’s slow but inevitable rise. To prosecute these dangerous policies, the army employs non-state actors under the security of its ever-expanding nuclear umbrella.

  • July 21, 2014 Washington, DC
    Tariq Fatemi on Pakistan’s Vision for Regional Peace, Prosperity, and Economic Development

    South Asia’s future remains clouded with uncertainty. The upcoming U.S. exit from Afghanistan, the radicalization across the region, and persisting political rivalries continue to impede regional growth and economic integration.

  • July 16, 2014 Washington, DC
    The Resurgence of the Taliban

    In autumn 2001, U.S. and NATO troops were deployed to Afghanistan to unseat the Taliban rulers. Yet, despite a more than decade-long attempt to eradicate them, the Taliban has endured—regrouping and reestablishing themselves as a significant insurgent movement.

  • June 30, 2014 Washington, DC 中文
    Bangladesh-India Relations Under Modi

    Narendra Modi’s accession as India’s new prime minister raises questions about the future of India-Bangladesh relations. Modi’s predecessor enjoyed a strong relationship with Dhaka, although he did not conclude key agreements on border demarcation and water sharing.

  • May 14, 2014 Washington, DC 中文
    India, China, and Russia: Prospects for Cooperation

    India, China, and Russia are all set to play a major role on the global stage throughout the rest of the twenty-first century. The relationships between the three nations are complex, however, with opportunities for cooperation in areas of convergent interests often being hamstrung by long-standing disputes and rivalries.

  • May 13, 2014 Washington, DC
    Counterinsurgency and Counterterrorism in Pakistan

    Pakistan is currently facing a number of significant challenges that have major implications for U.S. policy in the region and pose near-existential threats to the country itself.


Areas of Expertise

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