Pierre Goldschmidt

Nonresident Senior Associate
Nuclear Policy Program
Goldschmidt is a nonresident senior associate at the Carnegie Endowment.


PhD, University of Brussels 
MS, University of California, Berkeley
BA, Electromechanical Engineering, University of Brussels 


Dutch; French


Pierre Goldschmidt is a nonresident senior associate at the Carnegie Endowment. 

Goldschmidt was the deputy director general and head of the Department of Safeguards at the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) from May 1999 to June 2005. The Department of Safeguards is responsible for verifying that nuclear material placed under safeguards is not diverted to nuclear weapons or other nuclear explosive devices and that there is no undeclared nuclear material or activities in non-nuclear-weapon states party to the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty.

Before the IAEA, Goldschmidt was director general of SYNATOM, the company responsible for the fuel supply and spent-fuel management of seven Belgian nuclear plants, for twelve years. He was a member of the Directoire of EURODIF, the large French uranium-enrichment company, for six years.

Goldschmidt is a member of the European Nuclear Society’s High Scientific Council and has headed numerous European and international committees, acting as chairman of the Uranium Institute in London (now the World Nuclear Association), the Organisation des Producteurs d’Energie Nucléaire in Paris, and the Advisory Committee of the EURATOM Supply Agency.

In November 2005, he became doctor honoris causa of the University of Brussels. He was nominated Chevalier de la Légion d’Honneur (France) in 2009 and knighted by the king of Belgium in 2012.

Among a number of cultural and scientific awards, he received the 2008 Joseph A. Burton Forum Award of the American Physical Society.

Goldschmidt is the author of more than 100 publications, including: “A Top-Down Approach to a NWFZ in the Middle East” (EU Non-Proliferation Consortium Seminar, November 5, 2012); “The Iranian Nuclear Issue: Negotiating a Win-Win Solution after Baghdad” (NATO Parliamentary Assembly, May 26, 2012); “Safeguards Noncompliance: A Challenge for the IAEA and the UN Security Council” (Arms Control Today, Vol. 40, January/February 2010); “Multilateral Nuclear Fuel Supply Guarantees and Spent Fuel Management: What Are the Priorities?” (Daedalus, Vol. 139, no. 1, Winter 2010); “The Future of the NPT: Should It be Enhanced, Changed or Replaced?” (CEBRI International Seminar on Disarmament and Nonproliferation, Rio de Janeiro, October 29–30, 2009); “Concrete Steps to Improve the Nonproliferation Regime” (Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, April 2009); “Exposing Nuclear Non-Compliance” (Survival: Global Politics and Strategy, Vol. 51, no. 1, February–March 2009); “IAEA Safeguards: Dealing Preventively with Non-Compliance” (Harvard Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs, July 2008); “Verifying Iran’s Nuclear Program: Is the International Community Up to the Task?" (Lamont Lecture at the Harvard Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs, October 2007); and “Rule of Law, Politics and Nuclear Nonproliferation” (Presentation to the Ecole Internationale de Droit Nucléaire at the University of Montpellier, France, Session 2007).

  • Op-Ed Iran Review November 2, 2013
    Iran and West Should Show Flexibility to Resolve Disputes

    The disputes over Iran’s nuclear program should be solved through diplomacy and negotiations.

  • Op-Ed Iranian Diplomacy October 8, 2013
    Iran Should Ratify Additional Protocol

    With the coming to power of the new administration in Iran, there is a renewed hope for nuclear negotiations.

  • Article June 25, 2013
    Serious Deficiencies Exposed by Latest IAEA Safeguards Implementation Report

    Greater scrutiny should be given to how states such as Brazil, Egypt, Syria, and Thailand cooperate with the IAEA or support the nonproliferation regime more generally.

  • Op-Ed National Interest March 11, 2013
    No Alternative to Negotiations

    Negotiations with Iran, including the offer of incentives and the threat of further sanctions, are still the least-naive option available today.

  • Op-Ed National Defense University December 6, 2012
    The International Atomic Energy Agency's Decision to Find Iran in Non-Compliance, 2002–2006

    The public revelations of Iran's clandestine nuclear activities in August 2002 unleashed one of the most intensive and highly publicized inspections in the history of the International Atomic Energy Agency.

  • Article November 8, 2012
    Good News From Iraq

    Good news from the Middle East is rare these days. But Iraq's ratification of its Additional Protocol safeguards agreement with the International Atomic Energy Agency is certainly something to celebrate.

  • EU Non-Proliferation Consortium Seminar November 5, 2012
    A Top-Down Approach to a Nuclear Weapons Free Zone in the Middle East

    The absence of favorable conditions for establishing a weapons of mass destruction free zone in the Middle East presents significant challenges.

  • Article June 1, 2012
    IAEA Critical for Making Diplomacy with Iran Work

    An IAEA agreement with Iran that permits the agency to do the needed work to open the way for a negotiated roadmap for lifting sanctions could serve as a model for future conflict resolution with other states, first and foremost with North Korea and Syria.

  • NATO Parliamentary Assembly May 27, 2012
    The Iranian Nuclear Issue: Negotiating a Win-Win Solution After Baghdad

    Although no breakthrough was achieved in the nuclear talks with Iran in Baghdad, the parties agreed to continue lower level negotiations with the objective of reaching an acceptable compromise perceived to be a win-win solution by all.

  • EU Non-Proliferation and Disarmament Conference February 4, 2012
    The Iranian Nuclear Issue: Achieving a Win-Win Diplomatic Solution

    The November 2011 International Atomic Energy Agency report suggests that the possible military dimensions of Iran's nuclear program and Tehran's lack of cooperation with the international community leave little doubt that Iran aims to become at least a nuclear threshold state.

  • Turkey; Nuclear; Weapons
    May 2, 2012 Brussels
    Turkey and the Bomb

    Despite widespread concern that an Iranian nuclear weapon will lead to an arms race, most nuclear-capable states have chosen not to develop a nuclear arsenal. Turkey is no exception.

  • NATO; Global Security
    November 28, 2011 Brussels
    The New Challenges to Global Security: NATO's Response

    Global Security in the 21st century is an ever elusive goal and NATO must face emerging security challenges in counter terrorism, cyber defense, energy security, and non-proliferation.

  • April 28, 2010 Brussels
    The Global Nuclear Order—Build or Break?

    The Obama administration recently concluded a two-day Nuclear Security Summit, which saw world leaders endorse the U.S.-led initiative to secure all nuclear weapons from terrorists’ grasp in the next four years. A number of pressing and controversial issues still remain on the global nuclear agenda, however.

  • October 20, 2009 Brussels
    Managing Iran's Nuclear Ambitions?

    Iran’s nuclear ambitions pose a challenge to international nonproliferation goals. The international community must find a way to ensure Iran’s right to peaceful nuclear technology while preventing Iran from developing atomic weapons.

  • Pierre Goldschmidt
    April 6, 2009 Washington, D.C.
    Innovating the Regime

    Experts outlined some of the important innovations that must be included in any strategy to make the nonproliferation regime capable of containing the proliferation of nuclear weapons.

  • NATO Lunch Debate
    February 24, 2009 Brussels
    The Next Generation of Security Threats - Reprogramming NATO?

    At a lunch debate co-hosted with the NATO Public Diplomacy Division, Jamie Shea and Ashley J. Tellis discussed new, emerging security risks and provided an outlook on how and if NATO should respond.

  • Event panel
    March 11, 2008 Berlin
    Dealing with Iran's Nuclear Ambitions: What Future Strategy for the International Community?

    A high-level panel on Iran held in Berlin, Germany, and hosted by Carnegie Europe on March 11, 2008.

  • event image
    June 25, 2007 Washington, D.C.
    European Proposals for Strengthening the Nonproliferation Regime

    2007 Carnegie International Nonproliferation Conference Panel: European Proposals for Strengthening the Nonproliferation Regime. Chair: Mustafa Kibaroglu, Bilkent University; Martin Briens, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, France; Ambassador Nabil Fahmy, Embassy of the Arab Republic of Egypt to the United States; Pierre Goldschmidt, Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.

Source: http://carnegieendowment.org/experts/index.cfm?fa=expert_view&expert_id=286

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