Thomas de Waal

Senior Associate
Russia and Eurasia Program
De Waal is a senior associate at the Carnegie Endowment, specializing primarily in the South Caucasus region comprising Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Georgia and their breakaway territories as well as the wider Black Sea region.
 

Education

BA, Balliol College at Oxford University

Languages

English; Greek; Russian

 

Tom de Waal is a senior associate in the Russia and Eurasia Program at the Carnegie Endowment, specializing primarily in the South Caucasus region, comprising Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Georgia and their breakaway territories, as well as in the wider Black Sea region.

De Waal is an acknowledged expert on the unresolved conflicts of the South Caucasus: Abkhazia, Nagorny Karabakh, and South Ossetia. From 2002 to 2009, he worked as an analyst and project manager on the conflicts in the South Caucasus for the London-based NGOs Conciliation Resources and the Institute for War and Peace Reporting.

His latest book is Great Catastrophe: Armenians and Turks in the Shadow of Genocide (Oxford University Press, 2015). He is also author of the authoritative book on the Karabakh conflict, Black Garden: Armenia and Azerbaijan Through Peace and War (NYU Press, second edition 2013), which has been translated into Armenian, Azeri, Russian and Turkish, and of The Caucasus: An Introduction (Oxford University Press, 2010).

De Waal has worked extensively as a journalist and writer in the Caucasus and Black Sea region and in Russia. He has twice worked as an analyst and reporter for the BBC World Service in London, from 1991 to 1993 and from 1998 to 1999, and continues to make documentaries for BBC Radio.

From 1993 to 1997, he worked in Moscow for the Moscow Times, the Times of London, and the Economist, specializing in Russian politics and the situation in Chechnya. He is the co-author (with Carlotta Gall) of the book Chechnya: Calamity in the Caucasus (NYU Press, 1997), for which the authors were awarded the James Cameron Prize for Distinguished Reporting. 

  • Op-Ed Five Books April 27, 2015
    Memoirs of the Armenian Catastrophe

    A collection of five books allows the reader to sidestep the politics and emphasizes the human story of the Armenian experience in 1915.

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  • Op-Ed Newsweek April 23, 2015
    Making Amends for the Armenian Genocide

    Since the election of the government of the Islamist AK Party, Turkey has awkwardly begun to open up to its past. A space has opened up which has allowed diaspora Armenians to travel to their former homeland and citizens of Turkey to own up to their formerly hidden Armenian grandparents.

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  • Eurasia Outlook April 22, 2015
    Armenians Mark Centenary in Multiple Ways

    The solemn day of April 24 is approaching, when Armenians will mark the centenary of the tragedy that befell their nation in 1915, known as the Armenian Genocide.

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  • Eurasia Outlook April 8, 2015
    Iran in the Caucasus: A Long Haul

    It will take Iran a long time to make up the ground it has lost in the South Caucasus since the end of the Soviet Union.

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  • Eurasia Outlook March 25, 2015
    A Chechen Dragon Splits Moscow

    The Chechen connection to the Nemtsov’s murder has split the ruling elite. Putin’s problem is that Kadyrov has completely cleared Chechnya of all rivals, either Chechen or Russian—having fed and groomed his “dragon,” he has no Plan B in Chechnya.

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  • Eurasia Outlook March 11, 2015
    Armenia, Turkey Clashing Over April 24

    The Turkish government’s decision to hold a ceremony to commemorate the Gallipoli battles on April 24, in competition with the Armenian commemorations in Yerevan, looks like a political mistake.

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  • Eurasia Outlook February 27, 2015
    Economic Turmoil in the Caucasus

    Devaluing its currency, Azerbaijan follows its neighbors into a time of economic struggle.

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  • Op-Ed Russia Direct February 25, 2015
    The U.S. Is One Step From Escalating the Conflict in Ukraine

    The Ukraine conflict is much more dangerous than any of the other conflicts in the post-Soviet space because it could become a proxy war.

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  • Eurasia Outlook February 12, 2015
    The Karabakh Truce Under Threat

    A worsening pattern of violence on the Karabakh ceasefire line increases the danger of a war by miscalculation in 2015.

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  • Mediamax February 2, 2015
    “Great Catastrophe” Is a Very Powerful Term

    There is a gap in the literature on the aftermath and politics of Armenian Genocide and the way it has changed over the last 100 years.

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  • Oxford University Press January 27, 2015
    Great Catastrophe: Armenians and Turks in the Shadow of Genocide

    Although it is now a century old, the issue of what most of the world calls the Armenian Genocide of 1915 is still a live and divisive issue that mobilizes Armenians across the world, shapes the identity and politics of modern Turkey, and has consumed the attention of U.S. politicians for years.

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  • NYU Press July 8, 2013
    Black Garden: Armenia and Azerbaijan Through Peace and War, 10th Year Anniversary Edition

    Nearly 20 years since the 1994 ceasefire, Armenia and Azerbaijan have still failed to resolve their dispute and normalize relations.

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  • Oxford University Press September 17, 2010
    The Caucasus: An Introduction

    While the Caucasus is too often treated as a subset of Russian history or as merely a gateway to Asia, it remains an important and combustible region, whose inner dynamics and history deserve a much more complex appreciation from the wider world.

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  • KPCC AirTalk April 22, 2015
    Armenians in U.S. Double-take as Obama Balks on Using ‘Genocide’ in Commemoration

    Friday marks the 100th anniversary of the mass killing of 1.5 million Armenians at the hands of the Ottoman Turks, but President Obama won’t be using the term ‘genocide’ to describe them.

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  • WAMU’s Diane Rehm Show April 14, 2015
    A New Chapter in the Century-Old Debate Over the Massacre of Armenians

    Pope Francis reignited a debate that has smoldered for a hundred years: Whether the deaths of more than a million Armenians were caused by a policy of genocide by the Turks.

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  • WBEZ January 22, 2014
    Sochi’s Security Threat

    The Sochi Olympics may actually be one of the safest places in Russia, but terrorists could still affect the Olympics by carrying out an attack elsewhere.

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  • Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty January 13, 2014
    Armenia, the Eurasian Customs Union, and the Future

    There are still many questions about Armenia’s future in the Russia-led Eurasian Customs Union, as well as the future of the union itself.

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  • Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty October 24, 2013
    Georgia’s Presidential Elections

    Georgia elects a new president on October 27, a key moment in the country’s transition to a parliamentary republic.

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  • CNN April 27, 2013
    Boston Terror: Behind the Bombings

    The two suspected terrorists were influenced at least indirectly by the Chechen wars which devastated Chechnya. While this was traumatic for most, a small minority have become radicalized.

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  • PRI’s The World March 5, 2013
    Why Stalin Remains Popular in Parts of Former Soviet Union

    Stalin is a figure not just of the past, but of the present.

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  • BBC World News March 5, 2013
    Remembering Stalin

    The figure of Stalin still provokes many positive reactions in the former Soviet Union.

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  • Voice of America February 28, 2013
    Tensions Between Armenia and Azerbaijan

    The situation in the South Caucasus continues to be perilous as leaders of both Armenia and Azerbaijan find themselves increasingly boxed in by domestic political constraints.

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  • Worldview October 1, 2012
    Georgia’s Parliamentary Elections

    With the ruling party’s loss to the opposition Georgian Dream coalition, the country’s leading political parties must find a way to share power and enable a peaceful political transition.

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  • March 17, 2015 Brussels
    Armenians and Turks in the Shadow of 1915

    One century on, the destruction of the Armenians of the Ottoman Empire during World War I is still a live and divisive issue for Armenians and Turks alike.

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  • March 10, 2015 Beirut عربي
    The Armenian World, 100 Years After the Genocide

    One hundred years later, the issue of the Armenian Genocide still remains a contentious issue between Armenia and Turkey.

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  • January 28, 2015 Washington DC
    Armenians and Turks in the Shadow of Genocide

    Although the issue of what most of the world calls the Armenian Genocide of 1915 is now a century old, it is still a live and divisive issue that mobilizes Armenians across the world, shapes the identity and politics of modern Turkey, and has consumed the attention of U.S. politicians for years.

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  • November 5, 2014 Washington, DC
    Rising Tensions in the North Caucasus

    The North Caucasus may be out of the headlines, but it remains the most turbulent part of the Russian Federation.

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  • September 24, 2014 Washington, DC
    Trends in Armenia’s Politics

    Armenia has not been immune to the recent turmoil affecting the post-Soviet space and this summer saw the worst flare-up on the Line of Contact between Armenian and Azerbaijani forces since 1994.

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  • February 12, 2014 Washington, DC
    Georgia’s Conflicts: A New Approach to Reconciliation

    Despite an improvement in relations since 2012, Georgia and Russia remain at odds over the breakaway territories of Abkhazia and South Ossetia.

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  • January 24, 2014 Washington, DC
    Roundtable on Government Crisis in Turkey

    Upcoming elections will be a test of Prime Minister Erdoğan’s continued political strength, which has been shaken by a major corruption scandal, an increasingly vocal opposition, and mounting economic challenges.

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  • November 18, 2013 Washington, DC
    Turkey’s Energy Strategy: Weathering Uncertainties

    A regional conflict in Syria and a fast-expanding economy are pushing Turkey to embrace new energy strategies, focusing on new technologies and a realignment of partnerships.

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  • October 11, 2013 Washington, DC
    Looking Ahead in Azerbaijan

    Azerbaijan votes in a presidential election on October 9, and there is little doubt as to who the winner will be.

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  • June 20, 2013 Washington, DC
    Armenia and Azerbaijan Through Peace and War

    Ten years after its initial release, Black Garden remains the definitive account of war and peace between Armenia and Azerbaijan, and the conflict over Nagorny Karabakh.

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Source: http://carnegieendowment.org/experts/index.cfm?fa=expert_view&expert_id=479

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