Togzhan Kassenova

Nuclear Policy Program
tel +1 202 939 2229
Kassenova is an associate in the Nuclear Policy Program at the Carnegie Endowment.


PhD, Politics, University of Leeds
MA, Euro-Asian Studies, University of Reading
BA, International Studies, Almaty State University 


English; Portuguese; Russian


Togzhan Kassenova is an associate in the Nuclear Policy Program at the Carnegie Endowment. She currently works on issues related to the role of emerging powers in the global nuclear order, weapons of mass destruction nonproliferation issues, nuclear security, and strategic trade management.

Prior to joining the Carnegie Endowment, Kassenova worked as a senior research associate at the University of Georgia’s Center for International Trade and Security in Washington, DC, as a postdoctoral fellow at the James Martin Center for Nonproliferation Studies, and as an adjunct faculty member at the Monterey Institute of International Studies. She was previously a journalist and professor in Kazakhstan.

From 2011 to 2015 Kassenova served on the UN secretary general’s Advisory Board on Disarmament Matters.

Kassenova is the author of From Antagonism to Partnership: The Uneasy Path of the U.S.-Russian Cooperative Threat Reduction (2007) and Brazil’s Nuclear Kaleidoscope: An Evolving Identity (2014). Her latest publications include “Turbulent Times for Brazil’s Nuclear Projects,” “Kazakhstan and the Global Nuclear Order,” and a contribution on Brazil’s nuclear policy to Brazil on the Global Stage: Power, Ideas, and the Liberal International Order (Palgrave Macmillan, 2015). 

Kassenova is a native of Kazakhstan.

  • Al Jazeera’s Inside Story April 1, 2016
    How Worried Should We Be About ‘Nuclear Terrorism’?

    What have international efforts achieved so far in preventing a nuclear terrorist attack, and what remains to be done.

  • CCTV America March 31, 2016
    On Progress In Nuclear Security

    The 2016 Nuclear Security Summit highlighted some major successes in nuclear security, but also some of the serious challenges that still must be overcome.

  • CCTV March 24, 2014
    Brazil Going Nuclear?

    Brazil currently has two nuclear reactors and a third is under construction. Four more power plants are being proposed for construction in the 2020s.

  • March 22, 2016 Washington, DC
    A Norm for Nuclear Material Production: Beyond the Washington Summit and the Iran Deal

    The Nuclear Security Summit has made little progress on preventing the production of fissile material that has no plausible use. One way forward would be to establish a norm that such production should be consistent with reasonable civilian needs.

  • March 12, 2014 Washington, D.C.
    Understanding Brazil’s Nuclear Policy

    For a country whose importance in the global nuclear order is of potentially great significance, remarkably little is understood about the domestic drivers behind Brazil’s nuclear policy decision making.

  • May 2, 2013 Washington, DC
    The Nuclear Security Summit in 2014: Challenges and Opportunities

    The Nuclear Security Summits in Washington in 2010 and Seoul in 2012 began the process of international engagement on the challenge of securing existing fissile material vulnerable to theft and diversion by non-state or terrorist groups.

  • April 9, 2013 Washington, DC, Ronald Reagan Building International Trade Center, Horizon
    Is There an "Emerging Power" Agenda?

    Is there a common “emerging power” agenda in the nuclear area? How do relations between India, Turkey, Brazil, and the established powers (specifically the United States) impact their nuclear policies?


Areas of Expertise

Carnegie Endowment for International Peace
1779 Massachusetts Avenue NW Washington, DC 20036-2103 Phone: 202 483 7600 Fax: 202 483 1840
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