Togzhan Kassenova

Nuclear Policy Program
Kassenova is an associate in the Nuclear Policy Program at the Carnegie Endowment.


PhD, Politics, University of Leeds
MA, Euro-Asian Studies, University of Reading
BA, International Studies, Almaty State University 


English; Portuguese; Russian


Togzhan Kassenova is an associate in the Nuclear Policy Program at the Carnegie Endowment. She currently works on issues related to the role of emerging powers in the global nuclear order, weapons of mass destruction nonproliferation issues, nuclear security, and strategic trade management.

Kassenova serves on the UN secretary general’s Advisory Board on Disarmament Matters. 

Prior to joining the Carnegie Endowment, Kassenova worked as a senior research associate at the University of Georgia’s Center for International Trade and Security in Washington, DC, as a postdoctoral fellow at the James Martin Center for Nonproliferation Studies, and as an adjunct faculty member at the Monterey Institute of International Studies. She was previously a journalist and professor in Kazakhstan.

Kassenova is the author of From Antagonism to Partnership: The Uneasy Path of the U.S.-Russian Cooperative Threat Reduction (2007) and Brazil’s Nuclear Kaleidoscope: An Evolving Identity (2014). Her latest publications include “Turbulent Times for Brazil’s Nuclear Projects,” “Kazakhstan and the Global Nuclear Order,” and a contribution on Brazil’s nuclear policy to Brazil on the Global Stage: Power, Ideas, and the Liberal International Order (Palgrave Macmillan, 2015). 

Kassenova is a native of Kazakhstan.

  • CCTV March 24, 2014
    Brazil Going Nuclear?

    Brazil currently has two nuclear reactors and a third is under construction. Four more power plants are being proposed for construction in the 2020s.

  • March 12, 2014 Washington, D.C.
    Understanding Brazil’s Nuclear Policy

    For a country whose importance in the global nuclear order is of potentially great significance, remarkably little is understood about the domestic drivers behind Brazil’s nuclear policy decision making.

  • May 2, 2013 Washington, DC
    The Nuclear Security Summit in 2014: Challenges and Opportunities

    The Nuclear Security Summits in Washington in 2010 and Seoul in 2012 began the process of international engagement on the challenge of securing existing fissile material vulnerable to theft and diversion by non-state or terrorist groups.

  • April 9, 2013 Washington, DC, Ronald Reagan Building International Trade Center, Horizon
    Is There an "Emerging Power" Agenda?

    Is there a common “emerging power” agenda in the nuclear area? How do relations between India, Turkey, Brazil, and the established powers (specifically the United States) impact their nuclear policies?


Areas of Expertise

Carnegie Endowment for International Peace
1779 Massachusetts Avenue NW Washington, DC 20036-2103 Phone: 202 483 7600 Fax: 202 483 1840
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