Vikram Nehru

Senior Associate
Asia Program
Nehru is a senior associate in the Carnegie Asia Program. An expert on development economics, growth, poverty reduction, debt sustainability, governance, and the performance and prospects of East Asia, his research focuses on the economic, political, and strategic issues confronting Asia, particularly Southeast Asia.


MA, MPhil, Oxford University


Vikram Nehru is a senior associate in the Asia Program at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. An expert on development economics, growth, poverty reduction, debt sustainability, governance, and the performance and prospects of East Asia, his research focuses on the economic, political, and strategic issues confronting Asia, particularly Southeast Asia.

From 1981 to 2011, Nehru served in the World Bank, including in a number of senior management positions. Most recently, he was chief economist and director for poverty reduction, economic management, and private and financial sector development for East Asia and the Pacific. In this capacity, he advised the governments of developing countries in East Asia and the Pacific on economic and governance issues, including macroeconomic management, public sector and public financial management, financial and private sector development, and poverty reduction.

Previously, he directed the World Bank’s Economic Policy and Debt Department, where he was responsible for managing global programs for debt relief and for developing new tools and techniques for growth analytics, fiscal-policy analysis, subnational and regional development, and small-states development. In addition, he chaired the bank’s Economic Policy Sector Board, which provided strategic leadership for all of its country and macroeconomists.

In leading the World Bank’s Debt Department, Nehru managed the Heavily Indebted Poor Countries Initiative, Multilateral Debt Relief Initiative, Debt Sustainability Framework, Debt Reduction Facility, Debt Management Facility, Debt Management Performance Assessment Program, and Medium Term Debt Strategies for Developing Countries.

His portfolio at the World Bank also included serving as lead economist on Indonesia and China as well as senior economist for Ghana. Prior to joining the World Bank, he held an administrative position with the government of India.

Nehru has written numerous journal articles and contributed to several books. His papers include: “East Asia and the Pacific Confronts the ‘New Normal’”; “The Concept of Odious Debt: Some Considerations”; “When is External Debt Sustainable?”; “Indonesia in Crisis”; and “China 2020: Development Challenges in the New Century.”

  • Op-Ed Nikkei Asian Review March 1, 2016
    Now for the Hard Part, Six Priorities for Joko Widodo

    Joko Widodo’s first year in office was a difficult one for the Indonesian leader. His second year has started on a much more promising note, but maintaining this momentum will be a challenge.

  • Op-Ed National Interest February 11, 2016
    Indonesia: The Reluctant Giant

    Despite its strategic location and economic heft, several domestic shortcomings are keeping Indonesia from projecting power globally and regionally.

  • Op-Ed Nikkei Asian Review November 18, 2015 中文
    Now Comes Aung San Suu Kyi’s True Test of Leadership

    Aung San Suu Kyi and the NLD have won a history victory in Myanmar’s elections. Now comes a greater challenge: actually governing.

  • Q&A November 16, 2015
    A Primer on the Asia-Pacific Summits

    The APEC and East Asia Summits offer a valuable opportunity for leaders to consult and engage on a range of difficult issues.

  • Article October 27, 2015 中文
    Jokowi’s First-Year Report Card

    Indonesians’ assessment of their new president is decidedly mixed. But with formidable political assets, Jokowi’s second year in office could be better than his first.

  • Sasakawa Peace Foundation USA October 21, 2015
    The Political Economy of Reform in Myanmar: The Case of Rice and the Need for Patience

    Myanmar taken a step forward in clearly identifying its reform priorities, but identifying what needs to be done is a far easier task than figuring out how it should be done.

  • Op-Ed Nikkei Asian Review September 10, 2015 中文
    Myanmar: Mechanics of the Elections

    Previous elections in Myanmar have drawn criticism, but the military-dominated Union Election Commission appears to be trying to ensure the upcoming elections are more transparent and better run.

  • July 8, 2015
    Myanmar’s Elusive Peace

    Understanding Myanmar’s attempts to forge a nationwide ceasefire after sixty years of civil war.

  • Article June 2, 2015 中文
    Myanmar’s Military Keeps Firm Grip on Democratic Transition

    Myanmar’s military may have stepped back from direct control of key institutions, but it is poised to reestablish its authority whenever that becomes necessary.

  • April 30, 2015
    Introducing Myanmar Votes 2015

    Myanmar’s 2015 general election will be a key milestone for the country. Yet, with three transitions under way, Myanmar’s task is enormous and the path littered with pitfalls.

  • Philippines election
    May 4, 2016 Washington, DC
    Philippines Votes 2016: What’s at Stake for U.S.-Philippines Relations?

    On May 9, Filipinos will vote for a new president and vice president in arguably one of the country’s most consequential elections.

  • March 24, 2016 Washington, DC 中文
    Is Indonesia Changing Direction?

    Indonesia’s President Joko Widodo appears to be using his improving political strength and popularity to introduce much needed economic reforms.

  • March 1, 2016 Washington, DC 中文
    Myanmar’s Burden of High Expectations

    By April 1 Myanmar will have elected its new president, heralding the end of over six decades of authoritarianism. But the new administration faces daunting economic, social, and political challenges.

  • December 9, 2015 Washington, DC 中文
    Myanmar’s Elections: What Happened and What Happens Now?

    Myanmar’s new parliament will begin deliberations in late January 2016, and a new president will be elected in March. But there is no certainty that the transfer of power will be smooth or peaceful—or whether it will happen at all.

  • October 28, 2015 Washington, DC 中文
    Asia’s Economic Outlook: A View From the IMF

    Though Asia remains the fastest growing region globally, its growth rate is slowing. Are the policies of countries in the region robust enough to deal with external exigencies, and how successful will they be?

  • October 17, 2015 Guangzhou 中文
    China and the Global Economy

    China’s previous development model has produced diminishing returns, prompting a series of reforms aimed to improve the country’s long-term economic prospects.

  • September 22, 2015 Washington, DC 中文
    Myanmar’s Military and the 2015 Elections

    Campaigning has begun for Myanmar’s first general election since the end of direct military rule. But recent events underscore the influential role of the military in the run-up to the election and raise questions about civil-military relations in the country’s transition to democracy.

  • September 11, 2015 Washington, DC 中文
    Myanmar in Transition: A Conversation with Daniel Russel

    Fresh from a trip to Yangon and Naypyidaw, the top U.S. diplomat for East Asia and the Pacific will give an update on policy toward Myanmar as the country gears up for historic elections. Carnegie’s Vikram Nehru will moderate.

  • Rohingya protest
    July 22, 2015 Washington, DC 中文
    Myanmar’s Ethnic, Communal, and Human Rights Challenges and the 2015 Elections

    Myanmar’s upcoming 2015 elections will be an important milestone in the country’s struggle to define itself as it goes through profound economic and political change. Yet its transition to democracy is challenged by deep internal ethnic and communal fault lines and a legacy of human rights abuses.

  • June 3, 2015 Washington, DC 中文
    Why Myanmar’s Elections Matter

    Myanmar’s general elections, scheduled for early November this year, could mark a watershed in the country’s transition from military dictatorship to parliamentary democracy.


Areas of Expertise

Carnegie Endowment for International Peace
1779 Massachusetts Avenue NW Washington, DC 20036-2103 Phone: 202 483 7600 Fax: 202 483 1840
Please note...

You are leaving the website for the Carnegie-Tsinghua Center for Global Policy and entering a website for another of Carnegie's global centers.