Amr Hamzawy

Former Research Director and Senior Associate
Middle East Center
Hamzawy previously taught at Cairo University and the Free University of Berlin. He writes a bi-monthly op-ed for the leading Arab daily al-Hayat.


Ph.D, Free University of Berlin; M.A. Institute of Social Studies, The Hague; M.A., University of Amsterdam; B.Sc., Cairo University


Arabic; English; German


Amr Hamzawy is no longer with the Carnegie Endowment.

Amr Hamzawy was a research director and senior associate at the Carnegie Middle East Center in Beirut. His research interests include the changing dynamics of political participation in the Arab world and the role of Islamist movements in Arab politics. He is co-author, with Nathan J. Brown, of Between Religion and Politics, published in 2010, and the author of The Arab Future–Contemporary Debates on Democracy, Political Islam, and Resistance, published in 2010 (in Arabic). Hamzawy serves on the Middle East Advisory Council of Human Rights Watch, and the boards of Crisis International and the Arab Council for Social Science. He regularly contributes articles in Arabic and English to various academic journals and writes a bi-monthly op-ed for the leading Arab daily al-Hayat.

Selected Publications: Between Religion and Politics, with Nathan Brown (Book, 2010); The Arab Future–Contemporary Debates on Democracy, Political Islam, and Resistance (Book, 2010); Getting to Pluralism: Political Actors in the Arab World, with Marina Ottaway and Michele Dunne (Book, 2009); Between Government and Opposition: The Case of the Yemeni Congregation for Reform, (Carnegie Paper, 2009); Islamists in Politics: The Dynamics of Participation (Carnegie Paper, 2008); Party for Justice and Development in Morocco: Participation and Its Discontents, (Carnegie Paper, 2008); The Draft Party Platform of the Egyptian Muslim Brotherhood: Foray Into Political Integration or Retreat Into Old Positions?, with Nathan Brown (Carnegie Paper, 2008); Human Rights in the Arab World: Independent Voices, coedited with Anthony Chase, (University of Pennsylvania, 2006); Human Rights in the Arab World: Independent Voices, coedited with Anthony Chase, in 2006 Zeitgenössisches Arabisches Denken: Kontinuität und Wandel, (Verlag des Deutschen Orient-Instituts, 2005).

  • Fear And Worry Are the Enemies of Egypt's Future
    Op-Ed National March 30, 2011 عربي
    Fear And Worry Are the Enemies of Egypt's Future

    While those who voted against the recently passed constitutional amendments in Egypt may feel disheartened, they should continue to engage in political life in order to play a crucial role in enabling the transition to democracy to succeed.

  • Egypt: Evaluating Proposed Constitutional Amendmen
    Op-Ed Los Angeles Times March 7, 2011
    Egypt: Evaluating Proposed Constitutional Amendments

    Egypt’s proposed constitutional amendments would help constrain the near-absolute powers granted to the president by the 1971 constitution and enable a new constitution to be written after the legislative elections.

  • What Egypt Must Do During Transition
    Op-Ed The Pioneer February 25, 2011 عربي 中文
    What Egypt Must Do During Transition

    The Egyptian public must recognize that freedom from authority and corruption requires citizens who follow through with the measures needed for reconstruction and institutional reform, not merely the removal of individual personalities from power.

  • Revolution in Cairo
    Op-Ed PBS's Frontline February 24, 2011
    Revolution in Cairo

    If the Egyptian Muslim Brotherhood cannot manage the tensions within the organization between young members with new energy and the old guard, they may not be able to position themselves as central to Egypt’s political transition.

  • A Transition to Democracy Must Include Egyptians
    Op-Ed National February 16, 2011 عربي
    A Transition to Democracy Must Include Egyptians

    Egyptian citizens must participate in rebuilding their country’s institutions throughout the current transition, in order to secure a democratic transformation and institute a society of social justice and equal opportunity.

  • Essential Steps to a Democratic Egypt
    Op-Ed Washington Post February 11, 2011
    Essential Steps to a Democratic Egypt

    Egypt has been fundamentally changed by the events since Jan. 25, and the challenge now is to translate the changes flowing from the popular uprising into the concrete procedures and safeguards necessary for a genuine transition to democracy.

  • U.S. Fear of Islamists Undermines Egypt Democracy
    Op-Ed Bloomberg February 10, 2011
    U.S. Fear of Islamists Undermines Egypt Democracy

    While there is an irrational fear in the United States that Egypt's move toward democracy will be hijacked by the Muslim Brotherhood, the Egyptian uprising has been democratic—not ideological—and there is no real danger that Islamists will take control.

  • Egypt's Path Ahead: Agree to the People's Demands
    Op-Ed National February 2, 2011
    Egypt's Path Ahead: Agree to the People's Demands

    Egypt’s current government has the chance to oversee a smooth transition toward democratic governance by delegating the army to handle security, dissolving the parliament, amending the constitution to secure political and civil liberties, and initiating domestic reform policies.

  • Egypt: At a Crucial Moment, Road Map Toward Democr
    Op-Ed Commentary February 1, 2011 عربي
    Egypt: At a Crucial Moment, Road Map Toward Democracy

    As Egypt hovers on threshold of transition toward democratic governance, the current regime has an opportunity to administer a peaceful transition of power by responding to the demands of the Egyptian people.

  • Protest Movements and Political Change in the Arab
    Policy Outlook January 28, 2011
    Protest Movements and Political Change in the Arab World

    The uprising that started in Tunisia in late 2010 was not a completely new development, but rather a more dramatic example of the unrest common across the region, particularly in Egypt, Morocco, Algeria, and Jordan.

  • Between Religion and Politics
    Washington September 21, 2010
    Between Religion and Politics

    As Islamist movements in the Arab world become more politically active, they are struggling to pursue their moral and religious agenda under unfriendly or repressive regimes.

  • Washington August 26, 2009
    Getting to Pluralism: Political Actors in the Arab World

    This volume examines the Arab world’s major political actors, assesses the weaknesses of secular parties, and evaluates how incumbent regimes have maintained their grip on power in spite of reform-oriented claims.

  • Human Rights in the Arab World
    University of Pennsylvania Press June 1, 2006
    Human Rights in the Arab World: Independent Voices

    Human Rights in the Arab World: Independent Voices offers perspectives from those at the forefront of research and debate at the intersection of human rights and Islam, globalization, transnational advocacy, and the politics of key states such as Egypt, Morocco, and Yemen.

  • Amr Hamzawy
    Al-Jazeera February 17, 2011
    Change or Status Quo?

    The resignation of President Hosni Mubarak is only the first step in Egypt’s fight for meaningful democratic change. It remains to be seen whether structural change and real democracy will be implemented in the country.

  • NPR February 9, 2011
    'No Movement' On Talks In Egypt

    The protesters in Egypt must look beyond the issue of whether and when President Mubarak will step down and begin to consider what it will take to engage in an orderly transition to democracy in Egypt.

  • Bloomberg January 27, 2011
    The Egyptian Protests

    Egyptian authorities have banned protests and tightened security overnight to prevent demonstrators from repeating the rally on January 25, when thousands took to the streets of Cairo to denounce President Hosni Mubarak.

  • Al Jazeera's Inside Story March 9, 2010
    Egypt's Political Future

    President Mubarak has neither a vice president nor an established successor, and his increasing health problems are causing many Egyptians to fear that his illness or death could create a power vacuum that would threaten the stability of Egypt and the entire region.

  • Chicago Public Radio March 5, 2010
    Will ElBaradei Run in Egypt's Elections?

    Mohammed ElBaradei, the former head of the International Atomic Energy Association, has injected a new dynamism into the Egyptian political scene, but he is unlikely to be able to mobilize enough people to effect any real change in Egypt.

  • The Doha Debates October 9, 2008
    Progress Towards Democracy Has Halted in the Arab World

    A substantial majority of the audience at the first of the new series of Doha Debates was convinced that progress towards democracy in the Arab world has come to a halt. An audience of nearly 350 people from states throughout the Middle East voted 64 percent in favour of the motion which heard deep concerns that democracy was not only at a standstill but had regressed from a more liberal era.

  • C-Span's Washington Journal May 19, 2008
    President Bush Meets with Egyptian President

    Carnegie's Amr Hamzawy discusses President Bush's meeting with Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak and Egypt's role in negotiating peace between Hamas and Israel over the Gaza Strip.

  • Middle East Center Outreach February 25, 2008
    Islamist Political Groups: An Interview with Amr Hamzawy
  • BBC Radio Scotland January 9, 2008
    President Bush's Visit to the Middle East

    Carnegie's Amr Hamzawy appeared on BBC Radio Scotland to discuss President Bush's visit to the Middle East. The poor domestic situation in Israel and Palestine make significant diplomatic gains unrealistic, argued Hamzawy. Mr. Bush is more likely to make progress on his Iran agenda—pulling Gulf countries closer to the American perception of Iran as the main threat to Western and Arab interests.

  • Hamzawy
    National Public Radio October 10, 2007
    Egypt's Opposition Pulls Back
  • January 27, 2016 Beirut, Lebanon عربي
    Five Years, Three Presidents, and Two Parliaments Since January 25: Where is Egypt Headed?

    Five years after Egypt’s January 25 uprisings, the country faces increased terror threats from extremist groups and enjoys even less freedoms than before the popular movement toppled the 30-year-old regime of former president Hosni Mubarak.

  • November 15, 2012 Washington, D.C.
    Drafting Egypt’s Constitution

    The new Egyptian constitution is surrounded by controversy over who should write it, when it should be drafted, and which principles and values it should embody. With a draft already published, debate is as intense as ever.

  • May 4, 2012 Washington, D.C.
    A Discussion with Amr Hamzawy

    Amr Hamzawy, one of Egypt’s best known liberal members of parliament and one of the founding members of the Carnegie Middle East program, returned to Carnegie to discuss the transition in Egypt and the nature of the political process.

  • Amr Hamzawy and Jan Techau
    March 22, 2011 Brussels
    Consolidating Egypt's Revolution

    Despite the Egyptian revolution’s historic scope and achievements thus far, building a democratic and transparent society free from authoritarianism and corruption will require both reconstruction and institutional reform.

  • Panelists
    March 4, 2011 Beirut عربي Français
    Egypt After Mubarak

    In the wake of Mubarak's fall, Egypt remains in the early stages of a transition that could ultimately lead to real democracy. Significant challenges lie ahead and must be met before instituting a democracy based on good governance and socio-economic reforms.

  • February 16, 2011 Washington, D.C. عربي
    After Mubarak

    Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak has stepped down, handing authority to the Supreme Council of the Armed Forces. What can be expected from the country’s new military rulers and what does this signal for the rest of the Arab world?

  • January 31, 2011 Washington, D.C. عربي Français
    From Tunisia to Egypt: Protests in the Arab World

    Protests in Tunisia that pushed President Ben Ali to flee the country have sparked mass protests in the region, spreading to Egypt, Jordan, and Yemen. The protests in Egypt are growing and unlike anything seen in decades. Will Tunisia remain an isolated case or the beginning of a wave of change?

  • November 18, 2010 Washington, D.C.
    Egypt's Political Future: The Parliamentary Elections and Beyond

    As voters prepare to head to the polls for parliamentary elections on November 28, the Egyptian government has tightened restrictions on independent media and civil society and has already disqualified one-quarter of the Muslim Brotherhood's candidates.

  • October 15, 2010 Brussels
    The New Middle East Peace Process – Growing Regional Apathy?

    According to some recent polls, there is growing apathy in the Arab world for the peace process and the plight of the Palestinian people.

  • September 29, 2010 Washington, D.C.
    Between Religion and Politics

    As Islamist movements in the Arab world become more politically active, they are struggling to pursue their moral and religious agenda while navigating daily political tussles. In the face of repressive regimes, they have achieved some popular support, but enjoyed few concrete successes.

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