Anouar Boukhars

Nonresident Scholar
Middle East Program
Boukhars is a nonresident scholar in Carnegie’s Middle East Program. He is an associate professor of international relations at McDaniel College in Westminster, Maryland.


PhD, Old Dominion University
MA, Al-Akhawayn University
BA, Ibn Tofail University


Arabic; English; French


Anouar Boukhars is a nonresident scholar in Carnegie’s Middle East Program. He is an associate professor of international relations at McDaniel College in Westminster, Maryland, and the author of Politics in Morocco: Executive Monarchy and Enlightened Authoritarianism (Routledge, 2010).

Boukhars was co-project leader of Carnegie’s Mauritania Working Group, in which scholars and policymakers gathered in four roundtables between January and June 2012 to discuss critical issues faced by the country and the response of the international community.

Boukhars is a former fellow at the Brookings Doha Center, where he published “Political Violence in North Africa: The Perils of Incomplete Liberalization” and “Fighting the Growth of Terrorist Networks on the Maghreb.” His other publications have appeared in a large number of journals and leading newspapers, including Journal of Conflict Studies, International Political Science Review, European Security, Terrorism Monitor, and Columbia International Affairs Online.

  • FRIDE June 6, 2014
    Morocco’s Islamists: Bucking the Trend?

    Morocco’s peculiar political realities and the ruling Islamist party’s patient and non-threatening formula for political change have so far allowed the Islamist experiment to limp along.

  • Article February 13, 2014 عربي
    The Egypt Effect: Sharpened Tensions, Reshuffled Alliances

    Throughout the Middle East, the overthrow of Egypt’s Mohamed Morsi has heightened Islamist-secularist tensions and pushed actors toward zero-sum politics.

  • Paper January 27, 2014 عربي
    In the Crossfire: Islamists’ Travails in Tunisia

    To truly move Tunisia forward, Islamist and secular forces must address the country’s socioeconomic problems that breed unrest and angry radicals.

  • FRIDE January 10, 2014
    North Africa: Back to the Future?

    Regional problems from the past have whipped up tensions just as North Africa needs urgent security coordination and political cooperation.

  • FRIDE October 4, 2013
    Western Sahara: Beyond Complacency

    Growing instabilities in and around North Africa make the Western Sahara conflict a potential stability risk for the region. Morocco must act on its promises to improve its management of the area and prepare the region for autonomy.

  • FRIDE August 27, 2013
    Al-Qaeda’s Resurgence in North Africa?

    The January 2013 French intervention in northern Mali has severely degraded the military capabilities of militant organizations. But as violent extremists are being subdued in one area, new hot spots of confrontation are emerging.

  • Op-Ed FRIDE July 29, 2013
    Western Sahara: The Lingering Conflict

    The dispute over the Western Sahara has been one of the most complex conflicts in recent times. After over 38 years of war and diplomacy, the parties are no closer to reaching a mutually-satisfactory settlement.

  • Q&A June 10, 2013
    Simmering Conflicts in the Sahara

    Foreign assistance from the West must move beyond a narrow counterterrorism focus and governments in the region need to cooperate and demonstrate the resolve to tackle the root causes of the chaos.

  • Op-Ed Washington Post May 28, 2013
    North Africa: Breeding Grounds for Terror

    The geopolitical significance of the Sahara is becoming painfully clear, as unrest spills over borders and aggravates protracted regional crises.

  • Op-Ed CTC Sentinel May 23, 2013
    Mali’s Challenges Post-French Intervention

    Unifying the country will require widespread dialogue and international assistance.

  • Carnegie Endowment for International Peace April 17, 2013
    Perilous Desert: Insecurity in the Sahara

    The Sahara suffers from a perfect storm of weaknesses. Foreign assistance that relies exclusively on counterterrorism will only exacerbate the problems.

  • FRIDE August 22, 2013
    The Western Sahara Conflict

    The conflict between Morocco and the Polisario has resulted in enormous human, economic, and political problems for the region.

  • CSPAN February 1, 2013
    Conflict in Mali

    The conflict in Mali has its roots in regional struggles, particularly in Algeria, against violent Islamist groups.

  • WBEZ's Worldview January 17, 2013
    Islamists in the Sahel

    The conflict in northern Mali cannot be solved by a military solution alone. Any effort to end the violence will have to utilize diplomatic and political components to address the grievances of the groups that have taken up arms.

  • May 30, 2014 Washington, DC
    Al-Qaeda Transformed: The Core, Its Affiliates, and Their Splinters

    This conference brought together leading scholars and practitioners from the United States, Europe, and the Arab world to examine the complex dynamics underway within al-Qaeda.

  • May 22, 2013 Washington, DC
    Perilous Desert: Security Challenges in the Sahara and Sahel

    While the world’s attention was fixed on the momentous events in Tunisia, Egypt, and Libya after the outbreak of the Arab Awakening, the desert states to the south were undergoing their own transformations with major global implications.

  • May 31, 2012 Washington, D.C.
    The Crisis in Northern Mali

    While much attention has been focused on the crisis provoked by the March 22 coup in Mali's capital, events in the northern part of the country may have greater regional implications.


Areas of Expertise

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