Anouar Boukhars

Nonresident Scholar
Middle East Program
Boukhars is a nonresident scholar in Carnegie’s Middle East Program. He is an associate professor of international relations at McDaniel College in Westminster, Maryland.


PhD, Old Dominion University
MA, Al-Akhawayn University
BA, Ibn Tofail University


Arabic; English; French


Anouar Boukhars is a nonresident scholar in Carnegie’s Middle East Program. He is an associate professor of international relations at McDaniel College in Westminster, Maryland, and the author of Politics in Morocco: Executive Monarchy and Enlightened Authoritarianism (Routledge, 2010).

Boukhars was co-project leader of Carnegie’s Mauritania Working Group, in which scholars and policymakers gathered in four roundtables between January and June 2012 to discuss critical issues faced by the country and the response of the international community.

Boukhars is a former fellow at the Brookings Doha Center, where he published “Political Violence in North Africa: The Perils of Incomplete Liberalization” and “Fighting the Growth of Terrorist Networks on the Maghreb.” His other publications have appeared in a large number of journals and leading newspapers, including Journal of Conflict Studies, International Political Science Review, European Security, Terrorism Monitor, and Columbia International Affairs Online.

  • Carnegie Endowment for International Peace April 17, 2013
    Perilous Desert: Insecurity in the Sahara

    The Sahara suffers from a perfect storm of weaknesses. Foreign assistance that relies exclusively on counterterrorism will only exacerbate the problems.

  • FRIDE August 22, 2013
    The Western Sahara Conflict

    The conflict between Morocco and the Polisario has resulted in enormous human, economic, and political problems for the region.

  • CSPAN February 1, 2013
    Conflict in Mali

    The conflict in Mali has its roots in regional struggles, particularly in Algeria, against violent Islamist groups.

  • WBEZ's Worldview January 17, 2013
    Islamists in the Sahel

    The conflict in northern Mali cannot be solved by a military solution alone. Any effort to end the violence will have to utilize diplomatic and political components to address the grievances of the groups that have taken up arms.

  • June 24, 2015 Washington, DC
    The Fragile Sahel: Transnational Threats and Sustainable Solutions

    Long neglected by outside powers, the Sahel region stands at the strategic nexus of a number of growing challenges facing the African continent, Europe, and the wider Middle East.

  • May 30, 2014 Washington, DC
    Al-Qaeda Transformed: The Core, Its Affiliates, and Their Splinters

    This conference brought together leading scholars and practitioners from the United States, Europe, and the Arab world to examine the complex dynamics underway within al-Qaeda.

  • May 22, 2013 Washington, DC
    Perilous Desert: Security Challenges in the Sahara and Sahel

    While the world’s attention was fixed on the momentous events in Tunisia, Egypt, and Libya after the outbreak of the Arab Awakening, the desert states to the south were undergoing their own transformations with major global implications.

  • May 31, 2012 Washington, D.C.
    The Crisis in Northern Mali

    While much attention has been focused on the crisis provoked by the March 22 coup in Mali's capital, events in the northern part of the country may have greater regional implications.


Areas of Expertise

Carnegie Endowment for International Peace
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