Middle East

 
In the spotlight
 

Building National Guards in Fractured Arab States

National guards are no panacea for the challenge of building effective states, but they can play an important role in addressing security concerns and moving toward more effective power sharing.

Economic Recovery in Egypt Won’t Guarantee Political Stability

Egypt’s real challenge is ensuring political as well as economic inclusion for the broadest array of social groups and classes possible.

The Jittery Gulf Needs More Than Washington’s Reassurances

Countering the Iranian threat to the Gulf requires the patient work of domestic reform to complement military measures.

Three Big Trends That Will Shape the Arab World

The negative consequences of current trends will continue until Arab governments and elites identify ways to rebuild their relationships with citizens.

Where Next in Syria?

The Syrian regime looks increasingly brittle. This has major implications for what might follow a nuclear deal with Iran, and indeed for what may follow if a deal is not reached.

Egypt’s Nationalists Dominate in a Politics-Free Zone

Egypt’s political scene has changed radically from the vigorous pluralism that followed the 2011 uprising; in 2015 the Islamist and secular groups that won those elections are excluded or marginalized.

The Egyptian Armed Forces and the Remaking of an Economic Empire

Political overreach and internal rivalries may prove obstacles to long-term military control in Egypt.

The European Union Must Help Rescue Yemen

The worsening violence in Yemen has led to exacerbating regional disputes, hindering any chance for a regional role or mediation to achieve peace.

Algeria’s Shale Gas Experiment

Faced with declining gas production and falling oil prices, Algeria is moving to tap its promising shale resources—but success is not assured.

Tunisia’s Perilous Path to Democratic Stability

A generation gap and regional inequality are fueling the political instability and violent extremism facing Tunisia’s new leaders.

The Iran Deal Sharpens the Region’s Sectarian Divide

The nuclear deal’s potential benefits to sectarian relations in the Gulf have been offset by the escalating violence in Yemen and a wave of Sunni triumphalism.

Lebanon: Situation Report

Lebanon was founded with a multisectarian identity. However, internal challenges and external threats have led to an increasingly fragile sectarian landscape.

Saudi Arabia’s Anxious Autocrats

Since the 2011 Arab uprisings, Saudi Arabia’s foreign policy in the Middle East has been non-ideological, realist, and defensive in intent, but negative in its implications for democracy.

The Fight for Mosul: Learning From the Past

The Islamic State will only be ousted from Iraq’s second largest city if Sunni tribal forces join the fight. That will require rebuilding their trust in Baghdad.

Engaging in Politics, Assad-Style

The Assad regime’s belief that, by hanging tough, it will compel the United States both to accept its terms and make its regional allies follow suit is a high-risk gamble.

Building a Better Post-Oslo Era

The United States and Europe should encourage Israeli and Palestinian leaders to use international organizations and law as an alternative to violence.

The Emerging Jihadist Threat in Lebanon

The Islamic State’s expansion in Qalamoun is not the real threat to Lebanon’s security—the Nusra Front’s attempt to gain more control along the Lebanese side of the border is.

 

Egypt in Focus

MENA Transitions

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About the Program

The Carnegie Middle East Program combines in-depth local knowledge with incisive comparative analysis to examine economic, sociopolitical, and strategic interests in the Arab world. Through detailed country studies and the exploration of key crosscutting themes, the Carnegie Middle East Program, in coordination with the Carnegie Middle East Center in Beirut, provides analysis and recommendations in both English and Arabic that are deeply informed by knowledge and views from the region. The program has special expertise in political reform and Islamist participation in pluralistic politics.

 
Carnegie Endowment for International Peace
 
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