The states of the Arab Gulf have been defined by their unique combination of economic generosity and political parsimony—a system preserved by vast resource wealth and traditional institutions of governance that have managed to retain a preponderance of legitimacy.
Processes of diffusion and cross-national learning during the Arab Spring were not only employed by protest movements but by the regimes they opposed.
Different political, tribal, and governmental actors are seeking more power and influence through their involvement in the battle for Mosul.
Turkey's perception of the Kurdish groups in northern Syria as an existential threat has been the driving force for its increased military involvement in Syria.
Supporting Arab autocrats may produce some short-term gains, but at the price of long-term disaster.
Despite a new IMF deal, Egypt’s economy still has a number of structural reforms that need to be dealt with.
Moscow’s relations with Tehran are currently much more cooperative than competitive, although the two countries’ foreign policy goals don’t always align.
Egypt is in a different league than its neighbors in the Eastern Mediterranean when it comes to oil and gas exploration.
In Libya, the struggle to root out the Islamic State goes beyond the battlefield to the broken state left behind by Muammar Qaddafi and the lack of international support following the 2011 uprising.
Iraqi security agencies must adjust to the Islamic State's new tactics of targeting civilian centers in major cities.
The Carnegie Middle East Program combines in-depth local knowledge with incisive comparative analysis to examine economic, sociopolitical, and strategic interests in the Arab world. Through detailed country studies and the exploration of key crosscutting themes, the Carnegie Middle East Program, in coordination with the Carnegie Middle East Center in Beirut, provides analysis and recommendations in both English and Arabic that are deeply informed by knowledge and views from the region. The program has special expertise in political reform and Islamist participation in pluralistic politics.