Middle East

In the spotlight

The Assad Regime: Winning on Points

The Assad regime is clawing its way back to a position of dominance in the Syrian conflict. But it can only maintain that position as long as the armed conflict endures.

A Melancholy Perspective on Syria

The time when Assad might have been defeated by a truly inept opposition leadership and fragmented rebel movement has passed.

From Arab Spring to Presidential Spring

The “Presidential Spring” now underway in the Arab world reveals the enduring power of entrenched elite players and institutional actors and their ability to perpetuate self-serving—and mostly authoritarian—politics.

Congress Should Repeal Law Obstructing U.S. Assistance to Libya

Washington’s ability to deliver effective support to Libya’s fragile post-revolution government is vital to the country’s future.

Egypt’s Judges Join In

Egypt’s judiciary sometimes acted as a brake on authoritarian impulses, but it has now joined the repression of the Muslim Brotherhood.

Egypt’s Unprecedented Instability by the Numbers

Egypt is far more violent and unstable than it has been in decades. With government repression driving a cycle of political violence, a different approach is needed.

A New U.S. Approach to Gulf Security

The United States must focus more on promoting political and security sector reforms in the Gulf that are critical to long-term regional stability by better integrating its use of military and diplomatic tools.

A Comprehensive Strategy for Syria: Next Steps for the West

The West should look beyond the Geneva II conference and implement a comprehensive strategy to push the conflict toward a settlement.

What About Egypt’s Non-Islamist Parties?

Egypt’s chronically weak non-Islamist political parties will be tested in crucial elections in 2014. Here is at look at the major players and the flaws holding them back.

Syria’s Spring Offensives and the Death of Diplomacy

The failure of the Geneva-II peace talks has raised the stakes for the Assad regime and the opposition, each of which still seeks to gain a decisive advantage on the battlefield.

The Battle for Benghazi

A new security landscape has emerged in Benghazi—one marked by a tenuous division of labor between formal forces led by the military and informal forces comprising the Islamist militias.

Arab World Faces Unemployment Crisis

The International Monetary Fund expects the average economic growth in the Arab countries to be lower than 4 percent in 2014, a modest figure that is not enough to reduce the high unemployment rates.

The Egypt Effect: Sharpened Tensions, Reshuffled Alliances

The overthrow of Egypt’s Mohamed Morsi has heightened Islamist-secularist tensions and pushed actors toward zero-sum politics in the region.

The Sisi Spring

Regardless of its policy performance, a Sisi presidency is not likely to be a disaster. It may disappoint many but it is unlikely to collapse and might evolve in a variety of ways.

Taking Egypt Back to the First Republic

Defense Minister General Abdul-Fattah Sisi will almost certainly become Egypt’s next president, but at the cost of taking Egypt back to the first republic.


Syria in Crisis

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Egypt in Focus

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About the Program

The Carnegie Middle East Program combines in-depth local knowledge with incisive comparative analysis to examine economic, sociopolitical, and strategic interests in the Arab world. Through detailed country studies and the exploration of key crosscutting themes, the Carnegie Middle East Program, in coordination with the Carnegie Middle East Center in Beirut, provides analysis and recommendations in both English and Arabic that are deeply informed by knowledge and views from the region. The program has special expertise in political reform and Islamist participation in pluralistic politics.

Carnegie Endowment for International Peace
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