Nuclear Policy

 
In the spotlight
 

Carnegie International Nuclear Policy Conference

Online registration ends Monday!

Senate Testimony

George Perkovich and Ashley Tellis address nuclear threats and dynamics in Northeast and South Asia.

Beyond the Interim Deal

Khamenei continues to procrastinate because he hopes to tactically leverage Obama's eagerness for a deal into even better terms, writes Ariel Levite

 

Video: Iran's Domestic Politics | Acton

 

Turkey's Interests and Iran

Turkey figures in a recent case where nonproliferation interests and perceived strategic interests collide, writes Mark Hibbs.

South Korea's Nuclear Sovereignty

Toby Dalton and Alexandra Francis look at the issues that challenge the future of U.S.-ROK nuclear cooperation.

Template?

Russia has an opportunity to develop nuclear cooperation with India, Turkey, and Iran, writes Petr Topychkanov.

A Failed Effort to Toughen Nuclear Safety Standards

A push to amend the Convention on Nuclear Safety launched after the Fukushima nuclear disaster failed in February, writes Mark Hibbs. 

 
  • TV/Radio Broadcast
    Can Iran Sell a Nuclear Deal Domestically?
    James M. Acton March 2, 2015 Bloomberg News

    The big unknown at this point in the negotiations is how much Iran is willing to concede in its enrichment program in order to get sanctions relief. While Iran wishes to remove all sanctions immediately, the United States and its allies would like to see the sanctions removed gradually.

     
  • Op-Ed
    Turkey’s Interests and Tanideh
    Mark Hibbs February 23, 2015

    Turkey has figured in a recent case where nonproliferation interests and perceived strategic interests collided.

     
  • Q&A
    A Failed Effort to Toughen Nuclear Safety Standards
    Mark Hibbs February 18, 2015

    The Fukushima disaster prompted a push to toughen a convention on the safety of nuclear power plants. But some countries with older reactors didn’t like the idea.

     
  • Op-Ed
    India’s Bilateral Obligations
    Mark Hibbs February 7, 2015 Arms Control Wonk

    Prior to Australia’s pending negotiations with India over terms to facilitate implementation of the nuclear cooperation agreement, India has weakened the information-sharing provisions in such arrangements with Canada and the United States.

     
  • Op-Ed
    Tracking India’s Imported Uranium
    Mark Hibbs February 6, 2015 Diplomat

    If uranium supplier states are deterred from accounting for their uranium in India, that would inform all NPT parties that have pledged to renounce nuclear weapons that it doesn’t matter whether nuclear goods, sold on condition that they will be used peacefully, might be used to make deadly arms.

     
  • Article
    China and the Iranian Nuclear Negotiations
    Tong Zhao February 3, 2015 中文

    As negotiations with Iran continue, many of Beijing’s strategic interests align with those of Washington, providing China a chance to contribute to an important precedent for nonproliferation.

     
  • Op-Ed
    Looking Beyond the Interim Deal
    Ariel (Eli) Levite January 27, 2015 Arms Control Today

    Iranian Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei continues to procrastinate because he hopes to tactically leverage U.S. President Barack Obama’s eagerness for a deal into even better terms.

     
  • ROK-U.S. Civil Nuclear and Nonproliferation Collaboration in Third Countries
    Duyeon Kim, Fred McGoldrick, Robert Einhorn, James Tyson January 22, 2015 Brookings Institution

    The projected growth in the use of nuclear power worldwide creates new opportunities for deepening and expanding existing U.S.-South Korean collaboration to promote the civil uses of nuclear energy in third countries. This expansion can build on the cooperation that is already taking place.

     
  • Op-Ed
    South Korea’s Search for Nuclear Sovereignty
    Toby Dalton, Alexandra Francis January 22, 2015 Asia Policy

    The narrow technical disagreements stalling the renegotiation of the U.S.–South Korea nuclear cooperation agreement mask a far larger and more complicated set of issues and interests that challenge both the future of bilateral nuclear cooperation and the nonproliferation regime.

     
  • Criteria for the Assessment of Undeclared Nuclear Weapons Development
    Ariel (Eli) Levite December 31, 2014 The Limits of Secure Nuclear Tolerance, Moscow, National Institute of Corporate Reform

    The realization that nuclear technology is, at its core, dual-use in nature occurred early on in the nuclear age, and it has been fundamental to every effort to harness the positive potential widely believed to be inherent in nuclear technology, while minimizing its risks.

     
  • Op-Ed
    Amano’s Move on Marivan
    Mark Hibbs December 18, 2014 Arms Control Wonk

    Questions raised by IAEA Director General Yukiya Amano about what he calls “possible military dimensions” of Iran’s nuclear program are standing tall between the negotiators and a comprehensive settlement of the crisis.

     
  • Event
    The Outcome of the Iran Talks and the Next Steps
    George Perkovich, Karim Sadjadpour, Daryl Kimball, Elizabeth Rosenberg, Kelsey Davenport December 3, 2014 Washington, DC

    Negotiators from the P5+1 and Iran have agreed to extend the talks on Iran’s nuclear program to June 2015. Many issues are still to be solved, such as establishing a formula for verifiably limiting Iran’s uranium enrichment capacity as well as an acceptable process for relieving sanctions. Still, all parties to the talks have stressed the need to reach a comprehensive agreement.

     
  • Op-Ed
    Turkey’s Interests and Tanideh
    Mark Hibbs February 23, 2015

    Turkey has figured in a recent case where nonproliferation interests and perceived strategic interests collided.

     
  • Q&A
    A Failed Effort to Toughen Nuclear Safety Standards
    Mark Hibbs February 18, 2015

    The Fukushima disaster prompted a push to toughen a convention on the safety of nuclear power plants. But some countries with older reactors didn’t like the idea.

     
  • Op-Ed
    India’s Bilateral Obligations
    Mark Hibbs February 7, 2015 Arms Control Wonk

    Prior to Australia’s pending negotiations with India over terms to facilitate implementation of the nuclear cooperation agreement, India has weakened the information-sharing provisions in such arrangements with Canada and the United States.

     
  • Op-Ed
    Tracking India’s Imported Uranium
    Mark Hibbs February 6, 2015 Diplomat

    If uranium supplier states are deterred from accounting for their uranium in India, that would inform all NPT parties that have pledged to renounce nuclear weapons that it doesn’t matter whether nuclear goods, sold on condition that they will be used peacefully, might be used to make deadly arms.

     
  • Article
    China and the Iranian Nuclear Negotiations
    Tong Zhao February 3, 2015 中文

    As negotiations with Iran continue, many of Beijing’s strategic interests align with those of Washington, providing China a chance to contribute to an important precedent for nonproliferation.

     
  • Op-Ed
    Looking Beyond the Interim Deal
    Ariel (Eli) Levite January 27, 2015 Arms Control Today

    Iranian Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei continues to procrastinate because he hopes to tactically leverage U.S. President Barack Obama’s eagerness for a deal into even better terms.

     
  • ROK-U.S. Civil Nuclear and Nonproliferation Collaboration in Third Countries
    Duyeon Kim, Fred McGoldrick, Robert Einhorn, James Tyson January 22, 2015 Brookings Institution

    The projected growth in the use of nuclear power worldwide creates new opportunities for deepening and expanding existing U.S.-South Korean collaboration to promote the civil uses of nuclear energy in third countries. This expansion can build on the cooperation that is already taking place.

     
  • Op-Ed
    South Korea’s Search for Nuclear Sovereignty
    Toby Dalton, Alexandra Francis January 22, 2015 Asia Policy

    The narrow technical disagreements stalling the renegotiation of the U.S.–South Korea nuclear cooperation agreement mask a far larger and more complicated set of issues and interests that challenge both the future of bilateral nuclear cooperation and the nonproliferation regime.

     
  • Criteria for the Assessment of Undeclared Nuclear Weapons Development
    Ariel (Eli) Levite December 31, 2014 The Limits of Secure Nuclear Tolerance, Moscow, National Institute of Corporate Reform

    The realization that nuclear technology is, at its core, dual-use in nature occurred early on in the nuclear age, and it has been fundamental to every effort to harness the positive potential widely believed to be inherent in nuclear technology, while minimizing its risks.

     
  • Op-Ed
    Amano’s Move on Marivan
    Mark Hibbs December 18, 2014 Arms Control Wonk

    Questions raised by IAEA Director General Yukiya Amano about what he calls “possible military dimensions” of Iran’s nuclear program are standing tall between the negotiators and a comprehensive settlement of the crisis.

     
  • Q&A
    Iran Nuclear Talks Extended, Again

    Washington and its allies should strategically continue patient diplomacy unless Iran resumes provocative nuclear activities.

     
  • Op-Ed
    With Talks Extended, Risks in Additional U.S. Sanctions Against Iran
    Karim Sadjadpour November 24, 2014 Wall Street Journal

    The intent of U.S. policy should be to deter Iran’s nuclear advancement, not provoke it.

     
  • Testimony
    Evidence to the Blue Ribbon Commission on America's Nuclear Future
    James M. Acton October 12, 2010

    Nuclear proliferation is a political problem and the key to assessing proliferation risks is political judgment.

     
  • Testimony
    Revisiting the Role of Nuclear Weapons
    James M. Acton August 25, 2010 Remarks at 22nd United Nations Conference on Disarmament Issues

    U.S. nuclear strategy would have to change in order to enable deep reductions in nuclear weapon numbers and U.S. allies have a role in facilitating such a change.

     
  • Testimony
    Obama's Nuclear Agenda: Is Full Disarmament Possible?
    George Perkovich April 29, 2010 Pacific Council Teleconference

    The Obama administration’s new Nuclear Posture Review reduces the role and number of U.S. nuclear weapons, identifies nuclear terrorism as the principal threat to the United States, and works to maintain a stable strategic relationship with China.

     
  • Testimony
    Iranian Political and Nuclear Realities and U.S. Policy Options
    Karim Sadjadpour March 3, 2009 Senate Foreign Relations Committee

    U.S. policy options toward Iran lie in engaging Iran on issues of common interest, focusing communication on the office of the Supreme Leader, Ayatollah Khamenei, and presenting a united international approach to Iran's nuclear ambitions.

     
  • Testimony
    Saving the NPT and the Nonproliferation Regime in an Era of Nuclear Renaissance
    Pierre Goldschmidt July 24, 2008 Testimony before the House Foreign Affairs Subcommittee on Terrorism

    A revival of nuclear energy worldwide appears to be looming, but it will not take place overnight and now is the time to ensure that future nuclear expansion is as safe and secure as possible, said Pierre Goldschmidt, in testimony before the House Foreign Affairs Subcommittee on Terrorism, Nonproliferation, and Trade.

     
  • Testimony
    Nuclear Power in a Warming World: Solution or Illusion?
    Sharon Squassoni March 12, 2008

    Nuclear energy cannot make a real difference to global climate change. To do so would require a tripling of capacity — building 25 reactors per year to 2050 — a rate of expansion that can't be met by the current infrastructure. As it is, nuclear energy, hampered by a moribund supply chain, will have to grow rapidly to maintain its current market share as demand for electricity doubles by 2030.

     
  • Testimony
    Iran: Reality, Opinions, and Consequences
    Karim Sadjadpour October 30, 2007 Testimony before the House Oversight Committee's National Security and Foreign Affairs Subcommittee عربي

    The United States must alter its democracy promotion strategy, which has been unconstructive and counterproductive, and make clear that it has no intention of undermining Iran's territorial integrity. A move away from democracy promotion, however, should not signal indifference to human rights abuses.

     
  • Testimony
    Verifying Iran's Nuclear Program: Is the International Community Up To the Task?
    Pierre Goldschmidt October 30, 2007 Lamont Lecture at the Belfer Center

    The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) faces a critical test this November when it will issue its latest report on Iran's nuclear activities. A condemning report by the IAEA could prompt Iran to end all cooperation with the IAEA. Yet a falsely reassuring report could damage the credibility of the nonproliferation regime.

     
  • Testimony
    Six Years Later: Assessing Long-Term Threats, Risks and the U.S. Strategy for Security in a Post-9/11 World
    Jessica Tuchman Mathews October 10, 2007 Testimony before the House Oversight Committee's National Security and Foreign Affairs Subcommittee

    The Iraq war will be the turning point that changes the basic parameters of our security picture for decades. The war's monopoly on our political energy, which has now stretched to five years -- an eon in a time of fast-moving global change -- is one of its greatest uncounted costs.

     
  • Testimony
    International Perspectives on Strengthening the Nonproliferation Regime
    Pierre Goldschmidt June 27, 2007 Testimony by Pierre Goldschmidt before the House of Representatives Subcommittee on National Security and Foreign Affairs

    There are three priorities for strengthening the nonproliferation regime and combating nuclear proliferation: ratifying the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty, addressing cases of non-compliance, and dissuading withdrawal from the nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty.

     
  • Testimony
    International Perspectives on Strengthening the Nonproliferation Regime
    George Perkovich June 27, 2007 Testimony by George Perkovich before the House of Representatives Subcommittee on National Security and Foreign Affars

    The international community must adopt and enforce three new, stronger nonproliferation rules: 1) Limit the spread of fissile material production capabilities; 2) States not in compliance with NPT obligations may not withdraw from the NPT without penalty; and 3) Agreement that states will provide nuclear cooperation to others only if the recipient is implementing the IAEA additional protocol.

     
  • Testimony
    Speech given at the First Annual Nuclear Fuel Cycle Monitor Global Nuclear Renaissance Summit
    Jessica Tuchman Mathews December 5, 2006 Global Nuclear Renaissance Summit

    Without a viable, effective nonproliferation regime, nuclear energy will neither be accepted publicly, nor would it be a wise choice.

     

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Carnegie Experts on Nuclear Policy

  • James M. Acton
    Co-director
    Nuclear Policy Program

    Acton is co-director of the Nuclear Policy Program at the Carnegie Endowment. A physicist by training, Acton specializes in nonproliferation, deterrence, and disarmament.

  •  
  • Alexei Arbatov
    Scholar in Residence
    Nonproliferation Program
    Moscow Center

    Arbatov, a former member of the State Duma, is the author of a number of books and numerous articles and papers on issues of global security, strategic stability, disarmament, and Russian military reform.

  •  
  • Shahram Chubin
    Nonresident Senior Associate
    Nuclear Policy Program

    Chubin, who is based in Geneva, focuses his research on nonproliferation, terrorism, and Middle East security issues. He was director of studies at the Geneva Centre for Security Policy, Switzerland, from 1996 to 2009.

  •  
  • Toby Dalton
    Co-director
    Nuclear Policy Program

    Dalton is the co-director of the Nuclear Policy Program at the Carnegie Endowment. An expert on nonproliferation and nuclear energy, his research focuses on cooperative nuclear security initiatives and the management of nuclear challenges in South Asia and East Asia.

  •  
  • Pierre Goldschmidt
    Nonresident Senior Associate
    Nuclear Policy Program

    Goldschmidt is a nonresident senior associate at the Carnegie Endowment.

  •  
  • Mark Hibbs
    Senior Associate
    Nuclear Policy Program

    Hibbs is a Berlin-based senior associate in Carnegie’s Nuclear Policy Program. Before joining Carnegie, for over twenty years he was an editor and correspondent for nuclear energy publications, including Nucleonics Week and NuclearFuel, published by the Platts division of the McGraw-Hill Companies.

  •  
  • Togzhan Kassenova
    Associate
    Nuclear Policy Program

    Kassenova is an associate in the Nuclear Policy Program at the Carnegie Endowment.

  •  
  • Duyeon Kim
    Associate
    Nuclear Policy Program
    Asia Program

    Kim is an expert on nuclear nonproliferation, nuclear security, and Asia.

  •  
  • Tomoko Kurokawa
    Nonresident Scholar
    Nuclear Policy Program

    Kurokawa is a nonresident scholar in the Carnegie Nuclear Policy Program.

  •  
  • Ariel (Eli) Levite
    Nonresident Senior Associate
    Nuclear Policy Program

    Levite was the principal deputy director general for policy at the Israeli Atomic Energy Commission from 2002 to 2007.

  •  
  • Li Bin
    Senior Associate
    Nuclear Policy Program and Asia Program

    Li is a senior associate working jointly in the Nuclear Policy Program and Asia Program at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.

  •  
  • William Norris
    Associate and Stanton Nuclear Security Fellow
    Nuclear Policy Program

    William Norris is a Stanton Nuclear Security Fellow and an associate in Carnegie’s Nuclear Policy Program. His research focuses on risks of nuclear escalation, U.S.-China relations, and regional strategic dynamics in East Asia.

  •  
  • George Perkovich
    Vice President for Studies

    Perkovich’s research focuses on nuclear strategy and nonproliferation, with a concentration on South Asia, Iran, and the problem of justice in the international political economy.

  •  
  • Paul Schulte
    Nonresident Senior Associate
    Nuclear Policy Program and Carnegie Europe

    Schulte is a nonresident senior associate in the Carnegie Nuclear Policy Program and at Carnegie Europe, where his research focuses on the future of deterrence, nuclear strategy, nuclear nonproliferation, cybersecurity, and their political implications.

  •  
  • Petr Topychkanov
    Associate
    Nonproliferation Program
    Moscow Center

    Topychkanov is an associate in the Carnegie Moscow Center’s Nonproliferation Program.

  •  
  • Sinan Ülgen
    Visiting Scholar
    Carnegie Europe

    Ülgen is a visiting scholar at Carnegie Europe in Brussels, where his research focuses on the implications of Turkish foreign policy for Europe and the United States, nuclear policy, and the security and economic aspects of transatlantic relations.

  •  
  • Nicholas Wright
    Nonresident Associate
    Nuclear Policy Program

    Wright is a nonresident associate in the Nuclear Policy Program at the Carnegie Endowment. His research draws on his background in neuroscience to explore political decisionmaking in economics and nuclear security.

  •  
  • Tong Zhao
    Associate
    Carnegie-Tsinghua Center for Global Policy

    Tong Zhao is an associate in Carnegie’s Nuclear Policy Program based at the Carnegie–Tsinghua Center for Global Policy.

  •  
 
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