Nuclear Policy

 
In the spotlight
 

Nuclear Conference

Watch interviews with Gen. Kidwai, Secretary Moniz, and IAEA Director General Amano.

What Do Allies Want and Expect?

Watch and listen to discussions from the Nuclear Conference with Jane Hardy, Sinan Ülgen, Chun Yung-woo, Brad Glosserman, Catherine Kelleher, and Kori Schake.

Turkey's Nuclear Future

A new book edited by Sinan Ülgen and George Perkovich explores the trajectory of Turkey's nuclear program.

 

Nuclear Cooperation

Toby DaltonScott Snyder, and Miles Pomper look at the future of nuclear cooperation between Korea and the United States. 

Nuclear Threat Perceptions

Kristine Bergstrom compares nuclear threat perceptions among policy shapers and opinion makers.

Closing the Next NPT Loophole

Pierre Goldschmidt on the importance of securing irreversible IAEA safeguards.

The End of History for Arms Control?

The "end of history" for nuclear arms control may be avoided only if a peaceful resolution of the Ukraine crisis is achieved, writes Alexei Arbatov

Murky Waters

As India and Pakistan develop their naval nuclear forces, they will enter increasingly murky waters, writes Iskander Rehman. 

 

Event on April 9

 

 
  • Op-Ed
    The Future of U.S.-ROK Nuclear Cooperation
    Scott Snyder, Toby Dalton, Miles Pomper March 30, 2015 Council on Foreign Relations and the James Martin Center for Nonproliferation Studies

    Judging the new bilateral nuclear cooperation agreement between Korea and the United States solely on single issues obscures the very broad benefits it delivers to both Korea and the United States.

     
  • Book
    Turkey’s Nuclear Future

    Turkey is a rising economic and political force with the ability to affect dynamics in the greater Middle East, the Caucasus, and Central Asia. To meet its rising energy needs, the country—already an important actor in the international nuclear order—plans to establish nuclear power plants on its territory.

     
  • Event
    2015 Carnegie International Nuclear Policy Conference
    March 24, 2015 Washington, DC

    The 2015 Carnegie International Nuclear Policy Conference brought together over 800 experts and officials from more than 45 countries and international organizations to discuss emerging trends in nuclear nonproliferation, disarmament, deterrence, and nuclear energy.

     
  • Op-Ed
    Proliferation and the PKK
    Mark Hibbs March 18, 2015 Arms Control Wonk

    Why on earth would Turkey prevent a NATO ally from prosecuting a suspected Iranian nuclear smuggler who had been arrested in Turkey?

     
  • Article
    Comparing Nuclear Threat Perceptions Among Policy Shapers and Opinion Makers
    Kristine Bergstrom March 17, 2015

    Is the salience of nuclear topics viewed differently by subject-matter experts than it is by elite opinion shapers? A survey of nuclear-themed editorials and policy articles published between 2001 and 2013.

     
  • Op-Ed
    Securing Irreversible IAEA Safeguards to Close The Next NPT Loophole
    Pierre Goldschmidt March 15, 2015 Arms Control Today

    One of the main outstanding loopholes of the international nonproliferation regime that deserves prompt attention is the absence of a requirement for irreversible IAEA safeguards to remain in force should a state leave the nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty.

     
  • Report
    Murky Waters: Naval Nuclear Dynamics in the Indian Ocean

    As India and Pakistan develop their naval nuclear forces, they will enter increasingly murky waters. By further institutionalizing relations between their navies, both countries may succeed in adding a greater degree of stability to a dangerously volatile maritime environment.

     
  • Q&A
    Down to the Wire With Iran
    George Perkovich March 5, 2015

    It’s easy to forget just how remarkable the nuclear talks with Iran are and that there is no better alternative to the current approach.

     
  • TV/Radio Broadcast
    Can Iran Sell a Nuclear Deal Domestically?
    James M. Acton March 2, 2015 Bloomberg News

    The big unknown at this point in the negotiations is how much Iran is willing to concede in its enrichment program in order to get sanctions relief. While Iran wishes to remove all sanctions immediately, the United States and its allies would like to see the sanctions removed gradually.

     
  • Op-Ed
    Turkey’s Interests and Tanideh
    Mark Hibbs February 23, 2015

    Turkey has figured in a recent case where nonproliferation interests and perceived strategic interests collided.

     
  • Q&A
    A Failed Effort to Toughen Nuclear Safety Standards
    Mark Hibbs February 18, 2015

    The Fukushima disaster prompted a push to toughen a convention on the safety of nuclear power plants. But some countries with older reactors didn’t like the idea.

     
  • Op-Ed
    India’s Bilateral Obligations
    Mark Hibbs February 7, 2015 Arms Control Wonk

    Prior to Australia’s pending negotiations with India over terms to facilitate implementation of the nuclear cooperation agreement, India has weakened the information-sharing provisions in such arrangements with Canada and the United States.

     
  • Op-Ed
    The Future of U.S.-ROK Nuclear Cooperation
    Scott Snyder, Toby Dalton, Miles Pomper March 30, 2015 Council on Foreign Relations and the James Martin Center for Nonproliferation Studies

    Judging the new bilateral nuclear cooperation agreement between Korea and the United States solely on single issues obscures the very broad benefits it delivers to both Korea and the United States.

     
  • Op-Ed
    Proliferation and the PKK
    Mark Hibbs March 18, 2015 Arms Control Wonk

    Why on earth would Turkey prevent a NATO ally from prosecuting a suspected Iranian nuclear smuggler who had been arrested in Turkey?

     
  • Article
    Comparing Nuclear Threat Perceptions Among Policy Shapers and Opinion Makers
    Kristine Bergstrom March 17, 2015

    Is the salience of nuclear topics viewed differently by subject-matter experts than it is by elite opinion shapers? A survey of nuclear-themed editorials and policy articles published between 2001 and 2013.

     
  • Op-Ed
    Securing Irreversible IAEA Safeguards to Close The Next NPT Loophole
    Pierre Goldschmidt March 15, 2015 Arms Control Today

    One of the main outstanding loopholes of the international nonproliferation regime that deserves prompt attention is the absence of a requirement for irreversible IAEA safeguards to remain in force should a state leave the nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty.

     
  • Q&A
    Down to the Wire With Iran
    George Perkovich March 5, 2015

    It’s easy to forget just how remarkable the nuclear talks with Iran are and that there is no better alternative to the current approach.

     
  • Op-Ed
    Turkey’s Interests and Tanideh
    Mark Hibbs February 23, 2015

    Turkey has figured in a recent case where nonproliferation interests and perceived strategic interests collided.

     
  • Q&A
    A Failed Effort to Toughen Nuclear Safety Standards
    Mark Hibbs February 18, 2015

    The Fukushima disaster prompted a push to toughen a convention on the safety of nuclear power plants. But some countries with older reactors didn’t like the idea.

     
  • Op-Ed
    India’s Bilateral Obligations
    Mark Hibbs February 7, 2015 Arms Control Wonk

    Prior to Australia’s pending negotiations with India over terms to facilitate implementation of the nuclear cooperation agreement, India has weakened the information-sharing provisions in such arrangements with Canada and the United States.

     
  • Op-Ed
    Tracking India’s Imported Uranium
    Mark Hibbs February 6, 2015 Diplomat

    If uranium supplier states are deterred from accounting for their uranium in India, that would inform all NPT parties that have pledged to renounce nuclear weapons that it doesn’t matter whether nuclear goods, sold on condition that they will be used peacefully, might be used to make deadly arms.

     
  • Article
    China and the Iranian Nuclear Negotiations
    Tong Zhao February 3, 2015 中文

    As negotiations with Iran continue, many of Beijing’s strategic interests align with those of Washington, providing China a chance to contribute to an important precedent for nonproliferation.

     
  • Op-Ed
    Looking Beyond the Interim Deal
    Ariel (Eli) Levite January 27, 2015 Arms Control Today

    Iranian Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei continues to procrastinate because he hopes to tactically leverage U.S. President Barack Obama’s eagerness for a deal into even better terms.

     
  • ROK-U.S. Civil Nuclear and Nonproliferation Collaboration in Third Countries
    Duyeon Kim, Fred McGoldrick, Robert Einhorn, James Tyson January 22, 2015 Brookings Institution

    The projected growth in the use of nuclear power worldwide creates new opportunities for deepening and expanding existing U.S.-South Korean collaboration to promote the civil uses of nuclear energy in third countries. This expansion can build on the cooperation that is already taking place.

     
  • Testimony
    Evidence to the Blue Ribbon Commission on America's Nuclear Future
    James M. Acton October 12, 2010

    Nuclear proliferation is a political problem and the key to assessing proliferation risks is political judgment.

     
  • Testimony
    Revisiting the Role of Nuclear Weapons
    James M. Acton August 25, 2010 Remarks at 22nd United Nations Conference on Disarmament Issues

    U.S. nuclear strategy would have to change in order to enable deep reductions in nuclear weapon numbers and U.S. allies have a role in facilitating such a change.

     
  • Testimony
    Obama's Nuclear Agenda: Is Full Disarmament Possible?
    George Perkovich April 29, 2010 Pacific Council Teleconference

    The Obama administration’s new Nuclear Posture Review reduces the role and number of U.S. nuclear weapons, identifies nuclear terrorism as the principal threat to the United States, and works to maintain a stable strategic relationship with China.

     
  • Testimony
    Iranian Political and Nuclear Realities and U.S. Policy Options
    Karim Sadjadpour March 3, 2009 Senate Foreign Relations Committee

    U.S. policy options toward Iran lie in engaging Iran on issues of common interest, focusing communication on the office of the Supreme Leader, Ayatollah Khamenei, and presenting a united international approach to Iran's nuclear ambitions.

     
  • Testimony
    Saving the NPT and the Nonproliferation Regime in an Era of Nuclear Renaissance
    Pierre Goldschmidt July 24, 2008 Testimony before the House Foreign Affairs Subcommittee on Terrorism

    A revival of nuclear energy worldwide appears to be looming, but it will not take place overnight and now is the time to ensure that future nuclear expansion is as safe and secure as possible, said Pierre Goldschmidt, in testimony before the House Foreign Affairs Subcommittee on Terrorism, Nonproliferation, and Trade.

     
  • Testimony
    Nuclear Power in a Warming World: Solution or Illusion?
    Sharon Squassoni March 12, 2008

    Nuclear energy cannot make a real difference to global climate change. To do so would require a tripling of capacity — building 25 reactors per year to 2050 — a rate of expansion that can't be met by the current infrastructure. As it is, nuclear energy, hampered by a moribund supply chain, will have to grow rapidly to maintain its current market share as demand for electricity doubles by 2030.

     
  • Testimony
    Iran: Reality, Opinions, and Consequences
    Karim Sadjadpour October 30, 2007 Testimony before the House Oversight Committee's National Security and Foreign Affairs Subcommittee عربي

    The United States must alter its democracy promotion strategy, which has been unconstructive and counterproductive, and make clear that it has no intention of undermining Iran's territorial integrity. A move away from democracy promotion, however, should not signal indifference to human rights abuses.

     
  • Testimony
    Verifying Iran's Nuclear Program: Is the International Community Up To the Task?
    Pierre Goldschmidt October 30, 2007 Lamont Lecture at the Belfer Center

    The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) faces a critical test this November when it will issue its latest report on Iran's nuclear activities. A condemning report by the IAEA could prompt Iran to end all cooperation with the IAEA. Yet a falsely reassuring report could damage the credibility of the nonproliferation regime.

     
  • Testimony
    Six Years Later: Assessing Long-Term Threats, Risks and the U.S. Strategy for Security in a Post-9/11 World
    Jessica Tuchman Mathews October 10, 2007 Testimony before the House Oversight Committee's National Security and Foreign Affairs Subcommittee

    The Iraq war will be the turning point that changes the basic parameters of our security picture for decades. The war's monopoly on our political energy, which has now stretched to five years -- an eon in a time of fast-moving global change -- is one of its greatest uncounted costs.

     
  • Testimony
    International Perspectives on Strengthening the Nonproliferation Regime
    Pierre Goldschmidt June 27, 2007 Testimony by Pierre Goldschmidt before the House of Representatives Subcommittee on National Security and Foreign Affairs

    There are three priorities for strengthening the nonproliferation regime and combating nuclear proliferation: ratifying the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty, addressing cases of non-compliance, and dissuading withdrawal from the nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty.

     
  • Testimony
    International Perspectives on Strengthening the Nonproliferation Regime
    George Perkovich June 27, 2007 Testimony by George Perkovich before the House of Representatives Subcommittee on National Security and Foreign Affars

    The international community must adopt and enforce three new, stronger nonproliferation rules: 1) Limit the spread of fissile material production capabilities; 2) States not in compliance with NPT obligations may not withdraw from the NPT without penalty; and 3) Agreement that states will provide nuclear cooperation to others only if the recipient is implementing the IAEA additional protocol.

     
  • Testimony
    Speech given at the First Annual Nuclear Fuel Cycle Monitor Global Nuclear Renaissance Summit
    Jessica Tuchman Mathews December 5, 2006 Global Nuclear Renaissance Summit

    Without a viable, effective nonproliferation regime, nuclear energy will neither be accepted publicly, nor would it be a wise choice.

     

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Personal Information
 

Carnegie Experts on Nuclear Policy

  • James M. Acton
    Co-director
    Nuclear Policy Program

    Acton is co-director of the Nuclear Policy Program at the Carnegie Endowment. A physicist by training, Acton specializes in nonproliferation, deterrence, and disarmament.

  •  
  • Alexei Arbatov
    Scholar in Residence
    Nonproliferation Program
    Moscow Center

    Arbatov, a former member of the State Duma, is the author of a number of books and numerous articles and papers on issues of global security, strategic stability, disarmament, and Russian military reform.

  •  
  • Shahram Chubin
    Nonresident Senior Associate
    Nuclear Policy Program

    Chubin, who is based in Geneva, focuses his research on nonproliferation, terrorism, and Middle East security issues. He was director of studies at the Geneva Centre for Security Policy, Switzerland, from 1996 to 2009.

  •  
  • Toby Dalton
    Co-director
    Nuclear Policy Program

    Dalton is the co-director of the Nuclear Policy Program at the Carnegie Endowment. An expert on nonproliferation and nuclear energy, his research focuses on cooperative nuclear security initiatives and the management of nuclear challenges in South Asia and East Asia.

  •  
  • Pierre Goldschmidt
    Nonresident Senior Associate
    Nuclear Policy Program

    Goldschmidt is a nonresident senior associate at the Carnegie Endowment.

  •  
  • Mark Hibbs
    Senior Associate
    Nuclear Policy Program

    Hibbs is a Berlin-based senior associate in Carnegie’s Nuclear Policy Program. Before joining Carnegie, for over twenty years he was an editor and correspondent for nuclear energy publications, including Nucleonics Week and NuclearFuel, published by the Platts division of the McGraw-Hill Companies.

  •  
  • Togzhan Kassenova
    Associate
    Nuclear Policy Program

    Kassenova is an associate in the Nuclear Policy Program at the Carnegie Endowment.

  •  
  • Duyeon Kim
    Associate
    Nuclear Policy Program
    Asia Program

    Kim is an expert on nuclear nonproliferation, nuclear security, and Asia.

  •  
  • Tomoko Kurokawa
    Nonresident Scholar
    Nuclear Policy Program

    Kurokawa is a nonresident scholar in the Carnegie Nuclear Policy Program.

  •  
  • Ariel (Eli) Levite
    Nonresident Senior Associate
    Nuclear Policy Program

    Levite was the principal deputy director general for policy at the Israeli Atomic Energy Commission from 2002 to 2007.

  •  
  • Li Bin
    Senior Associate
    Nuclear Policy Program and Asia Program

    Li is a senior associate working jointly in the Nuclear Policy Program and Asia Program at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.

  •  
  • William Norris
    Associate and Stanton Nuclear Security Fellow
    Nuclear Policy Program

    William Norris is a Stanton Nuclear Security Fellow and an associate in Carnegie’s Nuclear Policy Program. His research focuses on risks of nuclear escalation, U.S.-China relations, and regional strategic dynamics in East Asia.

  •  
  • George Perkovich
    Vice President for Studies

    Perkovich’s research focuses on nuclear strategy and nonproliferation, with a concentration on South Asia, Iran, and the problem of justice in the international political economy.

  •  
  • Paul Schulte
    Nonresident Senior Associate
    Nuclear Policy Program and Carnegie Europe

    Schulte is a nonresident senior associate in the Carnegie Nuclear Policy Program and at Carnegie Europe, where his research focuses on the future of deterrence, nuclear strategy, nuclear nonproliferation, cybersecurity, and their political implications.

  •  
  • Petr Topychkanov
    Associate
    Nonproliferation Program
    Moscow Center

    Topychkanov is an associate in the Carnegie Moscow Center’s Nonproliferation Program.

  •  
  • Sinan Ülgen
    Visiting Scholar
    Carnegie Europe

    Ülgen is a visiting scholar at Carnegie Europe in Brussels, where his research focuses on the implications of Turkish foreign policy for Europe and the United States, nuclear policy, and the security and economic aspects of transatlantic relations.

  •  
  • Nicholas Wright
    Nonresident Associate
    Nuclear Policy Program

    Wright is a nonresident associate in the Nuclear Policy Program at the Carnegie Endowment. His research draws on his background in neuroscience to explore political decisionmaking in economics and nuclear security.

  •  
  • Tong Zhao
    Associate
    Carnegie-Tsinghua Center for Global Policy

    Tong Zhao is an associate in Carnegie’s Nuclear Policy Program based at the Carnegie–Tsinghua Center for Global Policy.

  •  
 
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