Russia and Eurasia

The Carnegie Russia and Eurasia Program has, since the end of the Cold War, led the field on Eurasian security, including strategic nuclear weapons and nonproliferation, development, economic and social issues, governance, and the rule of law.
 
In the spotlight
 

The Dangers of Inflexibility

Fundamental disagreements over Ukraine must not jeopardize U.S.-Russian cooperation on important issues of mutual interest, such as counterterrorism and nonproliferation.

Putin Will Not Accept Defeat

Kyiv and Moscow are on a collision course. They may already be past the point of no return where a negotiated solution might have kept the crisis from escalating.

Why Haven’t We Talked to Putin?

Neither sanctions against Russia nor military aid to Ukraine can resolve the current crisis. The best option for U.S. policymakers is to engage with Putin and his inner circle—if it’s not too late.

Ukraine and the Aftermath of the Downing of Flight MH17

An independent inquiry into the Malaysia Airlines plane crash over eastern Ukraine and an immediate ceasefire by all sides could be the first step in a process to reverse the trend toward mutual destruction within Ukraine and beyond.

Exploring Uzbekistan’s Potential Political Transition

Though it is still too early to talk about the chances specific candidates have of replacing Uzbekistan’s President Islam Karimov, it is important to look closely at the current ruling elite and the president’s possible successors to see where the country might be heading.

Is There a Solution?

Ukraine’s position as an important transport corridor for Russian gas has resulted in various periods of conflict between Ukraine and Russian-state owned gas companies. But, even though both recognize they will not reach a long-term agreement quickly, one can easily see that the number of disagreements between them is not great. Both realize the need to compromise.

Midsummer Blues

MH17 may well be a turning point in the Ukraine conflict, but President Putin remains unlikely to back down despite economic pressure from the West. Russians may look back to the summer of 2014 years from now as a game changer.

The Ukraine Crisis and the Resumption of Great-Power Rivalry

The Ukraine crisis has brought an end to the post–Cold War status quo in Europe. The ensuing conflict will last long and have an impact far beyond Europe.

 
  • Op-Ed
    Russia-West Rivalry Over Ukraine Is Higher Priority Than Security
    Pavel Koshkin, Dmitri Trenin September 15, 2014 Russia Direct

    Even a threat like Islamic terrorism won’t force Russia and the Unites States to make security collaboration a higher priority than geopolitical rivalry over Ukraine.

     
  • Op-Ed
    West’s Antics Pushing Russia Closer to China
    Dmitri Trenin September 12, 2014 China Daily

    The apparently long-term rupture of Russia’s relations with the West offers an opportunity to China to enhance its already close relationship with the Kremlin and thus turn the global geopolitical balance in its favor.

     
  • Op-Ed
    What’s Worse Than Vladimir Putin?
    Eugene Rumer September 12, 2014 POLITICO Magazine

    If current hostilities endure and sanctions grow more painful, it is possible that the next Russian leader could be even more anti-Western and recalcitrant than Putin is.

     
  • Op-Ed
    Give Diplomacy With Russia a Chance
    Jack F. Matlock Jr., Thomas R. Pickering, James Collins September 8, 2014 New York Times

    The crisis over Ukraine has all but frozen official communication between the United States and Russia. It is time to reengage Russia diplomatically.

     
  • Op-Ed
    Putin Ends the Interregnum
    Lilia Shevtsova August 28, 2014 American Interest

    Vladimir Putin’s increasingly reckless interventions in Ukraine should force the West to reevaluate everything it thought it knew about the collapse of the Soviet Union and the past two decades of Western policy on Russia.

     
  • Op-Ed
    Can Germany Save Ukraine?
    Dmitri Trenin August 28, 2014 National Interest

    Berlin is critical to any future settlement of the Ukraine crisis. It is too difficult to reach a deal on the settlement, but the absence of any deal deemed minimally acceptable to all sides would steer Europe toward an abyss.

     
  • Op-Ed
    As US, EU Close Doors, China, Russia Open New Ones
    Dmitri Trenin August 24, 2014 Global Times

    Russia’s efforts to find an acceptable place for itself in the U.S.-led Western system have ended in a bitter disappointment. The changing trading patterns point to a new era in Moscow’s foreign relations, in which Sino-Russian relations will be taking center stage.

     
  • Op-Ed
    NATO Enlargement 20 Years Later
    Eugene Rumer August 20, 2014 Carnegie Corporation of New York Русский

    Two decades after the debate about NATO enlargement pitted “NATO-firsters” against “Russia-firsters,” both sides have had reasons to say, “I told you so.” And they did.

     
  • Op-Ed
    The Dangers of Inflexibility
    Andrew S. Weiss August 20, 2014 Carnegie Corporation of New York Русский

    Fundamental disagreements over Ukraine must not jeopardize U.S.-Russian cooperation on important issues of mutual interest, such as counterterrorism and nonproliferation.

     
  • Op-Ed
    Putin Will Not Accept Defeat
    Eugene Rumer August 15, 2014 POLITICO Magazine Русский

    Kyiv and Moscow are on a collision course. They may already be past the point of no return where a negotiated solution might have kept the crisis from escalating.

     
  • TV/Radio Broadcast
    What’s Driving Russia to Raise the Stakes in Ukraine?
    Andrew S. Weiss, Andrew Kramer, Andrei Tsygankov August 28, 2014 PBS NewsHour

    At various turns in the crisis in Ukraine, when it looked like Russia’s status on the ropes, Putin has chosen to escalate the situation.

     
  • TV/Radio Broadcast
    The Russian View of What Happened to Flight MH17
    Dmitri Trenin July 21, 2014 WBUR’s Here and Now

    With the international investigation of the Malaysian plane crash yet to begin in earnest, the West will base its understanding on evidence supplied mainly by the United States and Russia will see Western actions as punishment not for shooting down the plane, but rather for Moscow’s position on Ukraine.

     
  • TV/Radio Broadcast
    Ukraine’s Chocolate King Is Presidential Front-Runner
    Balázs Jarábik May 24, 2014 NPR’s Weekend Edition Saturday

    Oligarch and presidential candidate Petro Poroshenko was one of the biggest supporters of the protests in Ukraine. With the government breaking down, people are now turning to him and other oligarchs.

     
  • TV/Radio Broadcast
    Ukraine Crisis Hits a New Phase
    Eugene Rumer April 15, 2014 Bloomberg TV

    The Ukraine crisis has reached a new phase that could lead to outright conflict between Ukraine and Russia. However, it is not clear what Russia’s strategy is in Ukraine and what it hopes to achieve.

     
  • TV/Radio Broadcast
    The Empire Takes Back: It Could Happen Here
    Andrew S. Weiss April 9, 2014 Daily Show with Jon Stewart

    The people of Crimea, many of whom see themselves as either ex-Soviet or ethnically Russia, made the region ripe for Russian invasion and claims of human rights violations against the Russian minority living in Crimea were then used as justification for Russia’s invasion.

     
  • TV/Radio Broadcast
    Putin’s Perspective Abroad Swayed by Quest for Popularity at Home
    Lilia Shevtsova March 21, 2014 NPR’s All Things Considered

    All of Putin’s actions, such as annexation of Crimea, trying to suffocate Ukraine, and trying to contain the United States and West in general, are a response to his domestic agenda. To survive, Putin wants to return to the old militaristic Russia and to become a war president.

     
  • TV/Radio Broadcast
    Putin Addresses Parliament on Crimea Independence
    Maria Lipman March 20, 2014 ABC

    Vladimir Putin’s policy is to do what he sees right, regardless of what others think about it. He is ready for sanctions and to accept the costs.

     
  • TV/Radio Broadcast
    What Annexation Of Crimea Means For U.S.-Russia Relations
    Andrew S. Weiss March 18, 2014 NPR

    U.S.-Russia relations are clearly at a turning point after Russia has moved to annex Crimea. The West needs to develop a long-term strategy to deal with Russia.

     
  • TV/Radio Broadcast
    After Crimea Votes to Secede, How Will United States and Russia Handle Gravest Crisis Since Cold War?
    Oliver Bullough, Dmitri Trenin, Nicholas Clayton March 17, 2014 Democracy Now!

    From the perspective of Putin and his associates, Ukraine is a red line and the West, in the form of NATO, was crossing it.

     
  • TV/Radio Broadcast
    Cold Warning?
    Dmitri Trenin March 16, 2014 RT’s Worlds Apart

    A second Cold War is emerging because of the mistakes that were made by both Russia and the West at the end of the first Cold War and during the inter-Cold War period.

     
  • Op-Ed
    Russia-West Rivalry Over Ukraine Is Higher Priority Than Security
    Pavel Koshkin, Dmitri Trenin September 15, 2014 Russia Direct

    Even a threat like Islamic terrorism won’t force Russia and the Unites States to make security collaboration a higher priority than geopolitical rivalry over Ukraine.

     
  • Op-Ed
    West’s Antics Pushing Russia Closer to China
    Dmitri Trenin September 12, 2014 China Daily

    The apparently long-term rupture of Russia’s relations with the West offers an opportunity to China to enhance its already close relationship with the Kremlin and thus turn the global geopolitical balance in its favor.

     
  • Event
    Transatlantic Trends 2014
    Constanze Stelzenmüller, Lev Gudkov, Dmitri Trenin September 12, 2014 Moscow

    The German Marshall Fund of the United States has released its 2014 Transatlantic Trends survey, an annual survey which is the preeminent source of European and American public polling data.

     
  • Op-Ed
    What’s Worse Than Vladimir Putin?
    Eugene Rumer September 12, 2014 POLITICO Magazine

    If current hostilities endure and sanctions grow more painful, it is possible that the next Russian leader could be even more anti-Western and recalcitrant than Putin is.

     
  • Op-Ed
    Give Diplomacy With Russia a Chance
    Jack F. Matlock Jr., Thomas R. Pickering, James Collins September 8, 2014 New York Times

    The crisis over Ukraine has all but frozen official communication between the United States and Russia. It is time to reengage Russia diplomatically.

     
  • TV/Radio Broadcast
    What’s Driving Russia to Raise the Stakes in Ukraine?
    Andrew S. Weiss, Andrew Kramer, Andrei Tsygankov August 28, 2014 PBS NewsHour

    At various turns in the crisis in Ukraine, when it looked like Russia’s status on the ropes, Putin has chosen to escalate the situation.

     
  • Op-Ed
    Putin Ends the Interregnum
    Lilia Shevtsova August 28, 2014 American Interest

    Vladimir Putin’s increasingly reckless interventions in Ukraine should force the West to reevaluate everything it thought it knew about the collapse of the Soviet Union and the past two decades of Western policy on Russia.

     
  • Op-Ed
    Can Germany Save Ukraine?
    Dmitri Trenin August 28, 2014 National Interest

    Berlin is critical to any future settlement of the Ukraine crisis. It is too difficult to reach a deal on the settlement, but the absence of any deal deemed minimally acceptable to all sides would steer Europe toward an abyss.

     
  • Op-Ed
    As US, EU Close Doors, China, Russia Open New Ones
    Dmitri Trenin August 24, 2014 Global Times

    Russia’s efforts to find an acceptable place for itself in the U.S.-led Western system have ended in a bitter disappointment. The changing trading patterns point to a new era in Moscow’s foreign relations, in which Sino-Russian relations will be taking center stage.

     
  • Op-Ed
    NATO Enlargement 20 Years Later
    Eugene Rumer August 20, 2014 Carnegie Corporation of New York Русский

    Two decades after the debate about NATO enlargement pitted “NATO-firsters” against “Russia-firsters,” both sides have had reasons to say, “I told you so.” And they did.

     

Eurasia Outlook

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Al-Farabi Carnegie Program on Central Asia

Carnegie Moscow Center

Carnegie Experts on Russia and Eurasia

  • Alexei Arbatov
    Scholar in Residence
    Nonproliferation Program
    Moscow Center

    Arbatov, a former member of the State Duma, is the author of a number of books and numerous articles and papers on issues of global security, strategic stability, disarmament, and Russian military reform.

  •  
  • Bayram Balci
    Nonresident Scholar
    Russia and Eurasia Program

    Balci is a nonresident scholar in Carnegie’s Russia and Eurasia Program, where his research focuses on Turkey and Turkish foreign policy in Central Asia and the Caucasus.

  •  
  • James Collins
    Senior Associate, Russia and Eurasia Program;
    Diplomat in Residence

    Ambassador Collins was the U.S. ambassador to the Russian Federation from 1997 to 2001 and is an expert on the former Soviet Union, its successor states, and the Middle East.

  •  
  • Thomas de Waal
    Senior Associate
    Russia and Eurasia Program

    De Waal is a senior associate at the Carnegie Endowment, specializing primarily in the South Caucasus region comprising Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Georgia and their breakaway territories as well as the wider Black Sea region.

  •  
  • Balázs Jarábik
    Visiting Scholar
    Russia and Eurasia Program

    Jarábik is a visiting scholar focusing on Ukraine and Eastern Europe.

  •  
  • Alexey Malashenko
    Scholar in Residence
    Religion, Society, and Security Program
    Moscow Center

    Malashenko is the chair of the Carnegie Moscow Center’s Religion, Society, and Security Program. He also taught at the Higher School of Economics from 2007 to 2008 and was a professor at the Moscow State Institute of International Relations from 2000 to 2006.

  •  
  • Eugene Rumer
    Director and Senior Associate
    Russia and Eurasia Program

    Rumer, a former national intelligence officer for Russia and Eurasia at the U.S. National Intelligence Council, is a senior associate and the director of Carnegie’s Russia and Eurasia Program.

  •  
  • Lilia Shevtsova
    Senior Associate
    Russian Domestic Politics and Political Institutions Program
    Moscow Center

    Shevtsova chairs the Russian Domestic Politics and Political Institutions Program at the Carnegie Moscow Center, dividing her time between Carnegie’s offices in Washington, DC, and Moscow. She has been with Carnegie since 1995.

  •  
  • Petr Topychkanov
    Associate
    Nonproliferation Program
    Moscow Center

    Topychkanov is an associate in the Carnegie Moscow Center’s Nonproliferation Program.

  •  
  • Dmitri Trenin
    Director
    Moscow Center

    Trenin, director of the Carnegie Moscow Center, has been with the center since its inception. He also chairs the research council and the Foreign and Security Policy Program.

  •  
  • Andrew S. Weiss
    Vice President for Studies

    Weiss is vice president for studies at the Carnegie Endowment, where he oversees research in Washington and Moscow on Russia and Eurasia.

  •  

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