South Asia

    • Op-Ed

    How China Gained From Partition

    The geopolitical legacies of Partition remain the biggest drag on India’s larger global aspirations. China has benefited from the division and its penetration of the subcontinent is becoming increasingly difficult to counteract.

    • Op-Ed

    India at 70

    Seventy years ago, independent India was born. Having shaken off the yoke of the British Empire, the country embarked on what was—and remains—the world’s most radical democratic experiment.

    • Op-Ed

    Raja Mandala: Undoing the Economic Partition

    The tragedy of partition was compounded by the economic division of South Asia, an outcome that did not need to accompany the political separation. India’s efforts at regional economic integration will have implications for both peace and development.

    • Op-Ed

    Modi: Pro Business, Not Pro Markets

    Modi has generally been good for business but not always good for a level playing field. His government is pro-business, but it also has a strongly nationalist outlook, and those two things are mutually reinforcing.

    • Op-Ed

    Reading PM Modi, Through His Speeches

    Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s rise to power has featured an oratorical style which enhanced the appeals of his populism.

    • Op-Ed

    Responding First as a Leading Power

    The emerging concept of India as a “first responder” reflects the country’s growing capability and increasing willingness to assume the role of a leading power.

    • Op-Ed

    Raja Mandala: Doklam’s Unintended Consequence

    One of the unintended consequences for China from the Doklam crisis would be an India that is forced to think far more strategically about coping with China’s power.

    • Op-Ed

    Defenders of Varna

    In spite of the Indian Constitution, democracy, and reservations, the hierarchical view of society finds expression in the defense of caste and reassertion of categories like pure and impure.

    • Op-Ed

    The Three Sins of Aadhaar

    The Silicon Valley ethos of ‘too big to fail’ and ‘lean startups’ do not always work—especially not for a national identification project, where nothing can be left to scale, chance, or improvisation.

    • Op-Ed

    The Iran Question

    India’s traditionally neutral position in the Middle East has ended with the landmark Israel visit. The future balancing of India’s westward pivot will be determined by a new regional order led assertively be Saudi Arabia, and one which sees Iran as enemy number one.

Carnegie Experts on
South Asia

  • expert thumbnail - Grare
    Frederic Grare
    Nonresident Senior Fellow
    South Asia Program
    Grare is a nonresident senior fellow in Carnegie’s South Asia Program. His research focuses on security issues and democratization in India, Afghanistan, and Pakistan. Previously, he led the Asia bureau at the Directorate for Strategic Affairs in the French Ministry of Defense.
  • expert thumbnail - Jaffrelot
    Christophe Jaffrelot
    Nonresident Scholar
    South Asia Program
    Jaffrelot’s core research focuses on theories of nationalism and democracy, mobilization of the lower castes and Dalits (ex-untouchables) in India, the Hindu nationalist movement, and ethnic conflicts in Pakistan.
  • expert thumbnail - Mohan
    C. Raja Mohan
    Director
    Carnegie India
    A leading analyst of India’s foreign policy, Mohan is also an expert on South Asian security, great-power relations in Asia, and arms control.
  • expert thumbnail - Perkovich
    George Perkovich
    Ken Olivier and Angela Nomellini Chair
    Vice President for Studies
    Perkovich works primarily on nuclear strategy and nonproliferation issues; cyberconflict; and new approaches to international public-private management of strategic technologies.
  • expert thumbnail - Shah
    Aqil Shah
    Nonresident Scholar
    South Asia Program
    Aqil Shah is a nonresident scholar in the South Asia Program at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.
  • expert thumbnail - Tellis
    Ashley J. Tellis
    Tata Chair for Strategic Affairs
    Tellis holds the Tata Chair for Strategic Affairs and is a senior fellow at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, specializing in international security and U.S. foreign and defense policy with a special focus on Asia and the Indian subcontinent.
  • expert thumbnail - Vaishnav
    Milan Vaishnav
    Director and Senior Fellow
    South Asia Program
    Vaishnav’s primary research focus is the political economy of India, and he examines issues such as corruption and governance, state capacity, distributive politics, and electoral behavior.
  • expert thumbnail - Yang
    Xiaoping Yang
    Visiting Scholar
    South Asia Program
    Yang Xiaoping is a visiting scholar in the South Asia Program at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.

About the Program

Carnegie India The Carnegie South Asia Program informs policy debates relating to the region’s security, economy, and political development. From the war in Afghanistan to Pakistan’s internal dynamics to U.S. engagement with India, the Program’s renowned team of experts offer in-depth analysis derived from their unique access to the people and places defining South Asia’s most critical challenges.

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