South Asia

The Carnegie South Asia Program informs policy debates relating to the region's security, economy, and political development. From the war in Afghanistan to Pakistan's internal dynamics to U.S. engagement with India, the Program's renowned team of experts offer in-depth analysis derived from their unique access to the people and places defining South Asia's most critical challenges.
 
In the spotlight
 

Center According to Modi

The Modi government has opted for a gradualist economic transformation, which can be explained by the need to protect his supporters from the corporate sector.

Chinese Takeaway: Modi and Jokowi

There are good reasons why Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi should start paying serious attention to the new Indonesian president, Joko Widodo.

Lens on Modi

The future of U.S.-India relations will ultimately depend on India’s capacity to reform itself, and therefore on the prime minister’s ability to deliver on his campaign promises to fix the structural weaknesses of his country’s economy.

For the Two Nations, Biggest Potential is in Defense

Washington is in a mood to strike up new deals with India and is eager to seize the window of opportunity with a new government.

Modi’s American Business

What Prime Minister Narendra Modi does with the American business community during his visit to the United States may be more consequential over the longer term than his engagement with the political leadership in Washington.

Pro-Business or Pro-Consumer?

Modi has repeatedly stated that government should not be in the business of business, but when policy issues demand difficult trade-offs, will the Indian government side with business or consumers?

Kick-Starting the U.S.-Indian Strategic Partnership

Three steps India’s new prime minister, Narenda Modi, can take to help renew bilateral ties with the United States.

New Afghan Government; Same Old Problems

The new Afghan government is unlikely to usher in much of a transition. Ghani and Abdullah or his appointee will preside over a contested and corrupt government, while Karzai will remain in the background.

Getting India Back on Track: An Action Agenda for Reform

A playbook for how Indian policymakers can return the country to a path of high and sustained economic growth.

 
  • Other Publications
    Civil-Military Cooperation in Afghanistan: The French Experience
    Frederic Grare December 19, 2014 Book chapter from Reconstructing Afghanistan

    The existence of a French civil-military cooperation in Afghanistan and the forms it took were the direct and indirect consequences of political decisions that placed French forces under U.S. command and consequently increased the pressure on the former to operate like their U.S. counterparts.

     
  • Op-Ed
    Chinese Takeaway: Beijing’s Afghan Role
    C. Raja Mohan December 17, 2014 Indian Express

    As the American occupation of Afghanistan comes to an end, China is getting ready to play a significant role in a country that has seen many great powers bite the dust.

     
  • Op-Ed
    Modi’s Diplomacy: Yoga, Democracy, and India’s Soft Power
    C. Raja Mohan December 15, 2014 Indian Express

    The United Nations General Assembly recently declared an annual International Day of Yoga. This small step underlines the immense possibilities for projecting India’s soft power under Modi.

     
  • Op-Ed
    Afghanistan: The Great Game Folio
    C. Raja Mohan December 12, 2014 Indian Express

    Partition has given Pakistan the power to disrupt Afghanistan, but not enough to construct a stable order. This tragic story of the Great Game is unlikely to change in 2015.

     
  • Op-Ed
    Being Middle Class in India
    Milan Vaishnav, Devesh Kapur December 9, 2014 Hindu

    Are differences within India’s middle class, in income, education, and cultural and social capital, so wide as to render moot any ideological or behavioral coherence to this group?

     
  • Op-Ed
    Chinese Takeaway: Modi’s Buddhism
    C. Raja Mohan December 3, 2014 Indian Express

    In his outreach to leaders in the subcontinent and Asia, from Nepal to Japan and China to Myanmar, Modi has projected Buddhism as one of India’s bridges to these nations.

     
  • Other Publications
    Seeking Alliances and Partnerships: The Long Road to Confederationism in U.S. Grand Strategy
    Ashley J. Tellis December 2, 2014 National Bureau of Asian Research

    The United States has consistently rejected both isolationism and multilateralism as instruments for meeting its highest strategic ambitions, instead utilizing a dialectical relationship between confederationism and unilateralism to achieve hegemony.

     
  • Op-Ed
    Parivar’s Diversity in Unity
    Christophe Jaffrelot December 1, 2014 Indian Express

    Every sector of society is now represented in the Sangh Parivar, and their perspectives may not necessarily converge with the government’s policies.

     
  • Op-Ed
    Dhaka Boundary Settlement: Narendra Modi Bites the Bullet
    C. Raja Mohan December 1, 2014 Indian Express

    Constructing a border of cooperation with Bangladesh should liberate India from one of the major geopolitical constraints imposed on it by the Partition of Bengal.

     
  • Op-Ed
    States and the SAARC
    C. Raja Mohan November 29, 2014 Indian Express

    Pakistan’s ambivalence towards economic integration and the minimal gains from the South Asian summit in Kathmandu need not necessarily be a setback to India’s agenda for regionalism.

     

Getting India Back on Track: An Action Agenda for Reform

Carnegie Video

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India Decides 2014

Carnegie Experts on South Asia

  • Sarah Chayes
    Senior Associate
    Democracy and Rule of Law Program
    South Asia Program

    Chayes, formerly special adviser to the chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, is an expert in South Asia policy, kleptocracy and anticorruption, and civil-military relations.

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  • Gilles Dorronsoro
    Nonresident Scholar
    South Asia Program

    Dorronsoro’s research focuses on security and political development in Afghanistan. He was a professor of political science at the Sorbonne in Paris and the Institute of Political Studies of Rennes.

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  • Frederic Grare
    Director and Senior Associate
    South Asia Program

    Grare is senior associate and director of Carnegie’s South Asia Program. His research focuses on security issues and democratization in India, Afghanistan, and Pakistan. Previously, he led the Asia bureau at the Directorate for Strategic Affairs in the French Ministry of Defense.

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  • Christophe Jaffrelot
    Nonresident Scholar
    South Asia Program

    Jaffrelot’s core research focuses on theories of nationalism and democracy, mobilization of the lower castes and Dalits (ex-untouchables) in India, the Hindu nationalist movement, and ethnic conflicts in Pakistan.

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  • C. Raja Mohan
    Nonresident Senior Associate
    South Asia Program

    Mohan is a nonresident senior associate in Carnegie’s South Asia Program, where his research focuses on international security, defense, and Asian strategic issues.

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  • George Perkovich
    Vice President for Studies

    Perkovich’s research focuses on nuclear strategy and nonproliferation, with a concentration on South Asia, Iran, and the problem of justice in the international political economy.

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  • Tamanna Salikuddin
    Nonresident Scholar
    South Asia Program

    Salikuddin was director for Afghanistan and Pakistan at the U.S. National Security Council from 2011 to 2013.

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  • Stephen Tankel
    Nonresident Scholar
    South Asia Program

    Tankel is a nonresident scholar at the Carnegie Endowment, where his research focuses on insurgency, terrorism, and the evolution of nonstate armed groups.

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  • Ashley J. Tellis
    Senior Associate
    South Asia Program

    Tellis is a senior associate at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace specializing in international security, defense, and Asian strategic issues.

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  • Milan Vaishnav
    Associate
    South Asia Program

    Vaishnav’s primary research focus is the political economy of India, and he examines issues such as corruption, ethnic politics, governance and state capacity, election finance, and distributive politics.

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  • Bernd von Muenchow-Pohl
    Nonresident Scholar
    South Asia Program

    Von Muenchow-Pohl is a nonresident scholar in Carnegie’s South Asia Program, where his work focuses on Indian domestic, foreign, and economic policy.

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About the Program

The Carnegie South Asia Program informs policy debates relating to the region’s security, economy, and political development. From the war in Afghanistan to Pakistan’s internal dynamics to U.S. engagement with India, the Program’s renowned team of experts offer in-depth analysis derived from their unique access to the people and places defining South Asia’s most critical challenges.

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