A new body of work shows the relationship between bureaucrats and politicians in India is riddled with perverse incentives and unintended consequences. But, it also points to possible actions for reform.
It was never possible to harmonize the interests of so many different countries in the Non-Aligned Movement. But, the summits allow countries to bring their particular national issues to the fore.
Corruption hardly topped the threat list when U.S. military forces and civilians first entered Afghanistan in 2001. But recognition of its devastating potential to undermine U.S. national security objectives is far higher today.
Afghanistan’s geopolitical situation means it must either normalize relations Pakistan or partner with India to balance it. After having attempted the former, Afghanistan is pursuing the latter.
In early August, both houses of India’s parliament overwhelmingly passed a landmark Goods and Services Tax (GST) bill that will bring India closer to a common market than ever before.
The Bahujan Samaj Party may benefit from some reverse polarization and some Dalit/Muslim solidarity.
The Indian Administrative Service (IAS) is the essential bureaucratic organ of the Indian state, but it is badly out of sync with today’s demands.
There is a nice fit between a growing Asia’s demand for economic and military balance in the region and Modi’s Act East policy.
Delhi must try and build a stable balance of the power system in the region. That would demand greater military engagement with all the major powers, and not “military neutrality” between them.
U.S.-India relations have been advanced by both the Bush and Obama presidencies. However, there needs to be a stronger economic foundation for the strategic partnership.