South Asia

The Carnegie South Asia Program informs policy debates relating to the region's security, economy, and political development. From the war in Afghanistan to Pakistan's internal dynamics to U.S. engagement with India, the Program's renowned team of experts offer in-depth analysis derived from their unique access to the people and places defining South Asia's most critical challenges.
 
In the spotlight
 

Unity in Difference: Overcoming the U.S.-India Divide

U.S. President Barack Obama’s return to India in January 2015 carries the hope that Washington and New Delhi may succeed in placing their cooperation on firmer foundations.

Is Bangladesh’s Crisis About to Get Much Worse?

There seems to be no obvious exit scenario from the current turmoil in Bangladesh.

The Peshawar Effect

Instead of weakening the army and dissuading it from fighting, the attack on the Peshawar military school has reinforced the military’s position in Pakistan and its determination to take on at least some militants.

No Big Ideas in India-U.S. Relations—and That’s OK

U.S.-India relations have not meandered because of a lack of ideas; they’ve ebbed and flowed thanks to over-hyped pledges followed by half-baked implementation.

India-Pakistan Relations: Does Modi Matter?

The evolution of the India-Pakistan bilateral relationship is unlikely to depend primarily on New Delhi.

From Looking East to Acting East

As Prime Minister Narendra Modi surprised the world with his passion for foreign policy, Asia has inevitably taken center stage in the conduct of his government’s diplomacy.

A Rumble in Delhi

The AAP’s victory in the Delhi elections over the BJP and Congress is nothing short of a stunning reversal of fortune—the impact of which will be felt far beyond the narrow confines of the Indian capital.

Growing Nuclear Capabilities

The nuclear weapon programs in China, India, and Pakistan are worthy of attention because they are active, expanding, and diversifying at a time when the overall global trend remains a continuing contraction of nuclear inventories.

What Sri Lanka’s Presidential Election Means for Foreign Policy

Maithripala Sirisena’s election victory offers the United States and Europe a window of opportunity to help Sri Lanka resolve its long-standing domestic concerns.

New Afghan Government; Same Old Problems

The new Afghan government is unlikely to usher in much of a transition. Ghani and Abdullah or his appointee will preside over a contested and corrupt government, while Karzai will remain in the background.

Getting India Back on Track: An Action Agenda for Reform

A playbook for how Indian policymakers can return the country to a path of high and sustained economic growth.

 
  • Op-Ed
    Northwest Turbulence
    C. Raja Mohan March 3, 2015 Indian Express

    Having suspended talks with Islamabad last August, the Indian government needed a diplomatic device to renew the engagement with Pakistan.

     
  • Op-Ed
    India Budget ‘a Step in the Right Direction,’ but ‘No Quantum Leap’
    Milan Vaishnav February 28, 2015 Deutsche Welle

    The new budget is clearly pro-growth in its orientation and is a marked improvement from the government’s first provisional budget issued last July.

     
  • Op-Ed
    Unsafe After Sunset
    Milan Vaishnav, Neelanjan Sircar February 27, 2015 Hindu

    Perceptions of public safety in India are not driven by urbanisation per se; rather, these are likely driven by the infrastructure and amenities associated with the largest cities in India.

     
  • Op-Ed
    Is Bangladesh’s Crisis About to Get Much Worse?
    Frederic Grare February 27, 2015 Diplomat

    There seems to be no obvious exit scenario from the current turmoil in Bangladesh.

     
  • Op-Ed
    Chinese Takeaway: Railway Lessons
    C. Raja Mohan February 25, 2015 Indian Express

    As the Indian government presents the rail budget, it is worth reflecting on the growing gap between the Indian railway system and that of its Asian peer, China.

     
  • Op-Ed
    The Great Folio: Defense Diplomacy
    C. Raja Mohan February 21, 2015 Indian Express

    Military diplomacy has acquired much greater salience in China’s international relations in recent years.

     
  • Op-Ed
    Afghan Arena: Exit America, Enter China
    C. Raja Mohan February 18, 2015 Indian Express

    As America reduces its military burden in Afghanistan, China’s deepening involvement there was marked by the launch of a new official forum in Kabul last week.

     
  • Op-Ed
    The Peshawar Effect
    Christophe Jaffrelot February 17, 2015 Indian Express

    Instead of weakening the army and dissuading it from fighting, the attack on the Peshawar military school has reinforced the military’s position in Pakistan and its determination to take on at least some militants.

     
  • Op-Ed
    Modi’s Cricket Diplomacy: Renewing Political Contact With Pakistan
    C. Raja Mohan February 13, 2015 Indian Express

    Cricket has always come in handy to the leaders of India and Pakistan to break political ice at difficult moments in bilateral relations, and Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s recent outreach follows this trend.

     
  • Op-Ed
    A Rumble in Delhi
    Milan Vaishnav February 11, 2015 Foreign Affairs

    The AAP’s victory in the Delhi elections over the BJP and Congress is nothing short of a stunning reversal of fortune—the impact of which will be felt far beyond the narrow confines of the Indian capital.

     

Getting India Back on Track: An Action Agenda for Reform

Carnegie Video

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India Decides 2014

Carnegie Experts on South Asia

  • Sarah Chayes
    Senior Associate
    Democracy and Rule of Law Program
    South Asia Program

    Chayes, formerly special adviser to the chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, is an expert in South Asia policy, kleptocracy and anticorruption, and civil-military relations.

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  • Gilles Dorronsoro
    Nonresident Scholar
    South Asia Program

    Dorronsoro’s research focuses on security and political development in Afghanistan. He was a professor of political science at the Sorbonne in Paris and the Institute of Political Studies of Rennes.

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  • Frederic Grare
    Director and Senior Associate
    South Asia Program

    Grare is senior associate and director of Carnegie’s South Asia Program. His research focuses on security issues and democratization in India, Afghanistan, and Pakistan. Previously, he led the Asia bureau at the Directorate for Strategic Affairs in the French Ministry of Defense.

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  • Christophe Jaffrelot
    Nonresident Scholar
    South Asia Program

    Jaffrelot’s core research focuses on theories of nationalism and democracy, mobilization of the lower castes and Dalits (ex-untouchables) in India, the Hindu nationalist movement, and ethnic conflicts in Pakistan.

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  • C. Raja Mohan
    Nonresident Senior Associate
    South Asia Program

    Mohan is a nonresident senior associate in Carnegie’s South Asia Program, where his research focuses on international security, defense, and Asian strategic issues.

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  • George Perkovich
    Vice President for Studies

    Perkovich’s research focuses on nuclear strategy and nonproliferation, with a concentration on South Asia, Iran, and the problem of justice in the international political economy.

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  • Tamanna Salikuddin
    Nonresident Scholar
    South Asia Program

    Salikuddin was director for Afghanistan and Pakistan at the U.S. National Security Council from 2011 to 2013.

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  • Stephen Tankel
    Nonresident Scholar
    South Asia Program

    Tankel is a nonresident scholar at the Carnegie Endowment, where his research focuses on insurgency, terrorism, and the evolution of nonstate armed groups.

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  • Ashley J. Tellis
    Senior Associate
    South Asia Program

    Tellis is a senior associate at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace specializing in international security, defense, and Asian strategic issues.

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  • Milan Vaishnav
    Associate
    South Asia Program

    Vaishnav’s primary research focus is the political economy of India, and he examines issues such as corruption, ethnic politics, governance and state capacity, election finance, and distributive politics.

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  • Bernd von Muenchow-Pohl
    Nonresident Scholar
    South Asia Program

    Von Muenchow-Pohl is a nonresident scholar in Carnegie’s South Asia Program, where his work focuses on Indian domestic, foreign, and economic policy.

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About the Program

The Carnegie South Asia Program informs policy debates relating to the region’s security, economy, and political development. From the war in Afghanistan to Pakistan’s internal dynamics to U.S. engagement with India, the Program’s renowned team of experts offer in-depth analysis derived from their unique access to the people and places defining South Asia’s most critical challenges.

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