South Asia

The Carnegie South Asia Program informs policy debates relating to the region's security, economy, and political development. From the war in Afghanistan to Pakistan's internal dynamics to U.S. engagement with India, the Program's renowned team of experts offer in-depth analysis derived from their unique access to the people and places defining South Asia's most critical challenges.
 
In the spotlight
 

Lens on Modi

The future of U.S.-India relations will ultimately depend on India’s capacity to reform itself, and therefore on the prime minister’s ability to deliver on his campaign promises to fix the structural weaknesses of his country’s economy.

For the Two Nations, Biggest Potential is in Defense

Washington is in a mood to strike up new deals with India and is eager to seize the window of opportunity with a new government.

Modi’s American Business

What Prime Minister Narendra Modi does with the American business community during his visit to the United States may be more consequential over the longer term than his engagement with the political leadership in Washington.

Kick-Starting the U.S.-Indian Strategic Partnership

Three steps India’s new prime minister, Narenda Modi, can take to help renew bilateral ties with the United States.

New Afghan Government; Same Old Problems

The new Afghan government is unlikely to usher in much of a transition. Ghani and Abdullah or his appointee will preside over a contested and corrupt government, while Karzai will remain in the background.

Getting India Back on Track: An Action Agenda for Reform

A playbook for how Indian policymakers can return the country to a path of high and sustained economic growth.

 
  • Op-Ed
    Indonesian Economic Policies in a Jokowi Administration: A Preview
    Vikram Nehru October 16, 2014 Boao Review

    Jokowi will likely be a leader whose biggest imprint will be improvement in the quality, effectiveness, integrity and inclusiveness of government rather than in dramatic economic reforms.

     
  • Op-Ed
    Pro-Business or Pro-Consumer?
    Milan Vaishnav, Suyash Rai October 13, 2014 Live Mint

    Modi has repeatedly stated that government should not be in the business of business, but when policy issues demand difficult trade-offs, will the Indian government side with business or consumers?

     
  • Op-Ed
    Modi in the USA
    Milan Vaishnav, Maroof Raza October 9, 2014 Georgetown Journal of International Affairs

    The prime minister’s primary objective in the United States was to make the pitch that India is once again a hospitable environment for investment.

     
  • Op-Ed
    A New Panchsheel
    C. Raja Mohan October 9, 2014 Indian Express

    It is one thing for Modi to say India needs to be more practical in dealing with the outside world. It is entirely another to get his ministerial colleagues and the bureaucracy to act on that basis in a sustained manner.

     
  • Op-Ed
    Chinese Takeaway: Not So Coy
    C. Raja Mohan October 8, 2014 Indian Express

    Modi's reference to the South China Sea says more about India’s changing political attitude than its policy towards the maritime territorial disputes between Beijing and its Asian neighbours.

     
  • Op-Ed
    The Second Chance
    C. Raja Mohan October 6, 2014 Eurasia Review

    If the expansive agenda unveiled by Modi and Obama is matched by bureaucratic purposefulness in Delhi and Washington, India and America have a second chance at building a strategic partnership of considerable consequence.

     
  • Op-Ed
    The Other Saffron
    Christophe Jaffrelot October 6, 2014 Indian Express

    Yogi Adityanath, a polarizing BJP member of parliament, will play a prominent role if the party’s electoral rhetoric shifts from development to sectarian issues.

     
  • Op-Ed
    Modi and the Middle East: Towards a Link West Policy
    C. Raja Mohan October 5, 2014 Indian Express

    While continuing to engage with East and South East Asia, Indian Prime Minister Modi is ‘Linking West’ to increase India’s ties to the Middle East.

     
  • Op-Ed
    The Second Chance
    C. Raja Mohan October 2, 2014 Indian Express

    What stands out at the end of Narendra Modi’s visit is his demonstration of political will and diplomatic ingenuity to rekindle the romance with America that had gone cold in recent years.

     
  • Op-Ed
    Modi and Obama’s War
    C. Raja Mohan October 1, 2014 Indian Express

    Although both the United States and India see terrorism as a great threat to their societies, they have different priorities in the war against it.

     
  • Event
    Modi’s Transformative Moment?
    Christophe Jaffrelot, Milan Vaishnav October 17, 2014 Washington, DC

    The first 100 days of a new government can be tumultuous as power shifts hands and leaders make dramatic decisions. But Prime Minister Narendra Modi has thus far proceeded in a more nuanced fashion, making an assessment of his first four months in office more complicated.

     
  • Op-Ed
    Indonesian Economic Policies in a Jokowi Administration: A Preview
    Vikram Nehru October 16, 2014 Boao Review

    Jokowi will likely be a leader whose biggest imprint will be improvement in the quality, effectiveness, integrity and inclusiveness of government rather than in dramatic economic reforms.

     
  • Op-Ed
    Pro-Business or Pro-Consumer?
    Milan Vaishnav, Suyash Rai October 13, 2014 Live Mint

    Modi has repeatedly stated that government should not be in the business of business, but when policy issues demand difficult trade-offs, will the Indian government side with business or consumers?

     
  • Op-Ed
    Modi in the USA
    Milan Vaishnav, Maroof Raza October 9, 2014 Georgetown Journal of International Affairs

    The prime minister’s primary objective in the United States was to make the pitch that India is once again a hospitable environment for investment.

     
  • Op-Ed
    A New Panchsheel
    C. Raja Mohan October 9, 2014 Indian Express

    It is one thing for Modi to say India needs to be more practical in dealing with the outside world. It is entirely another to get his ministerial colleagues and the bureaucracy to act on that basis in a sustained manner.

     
  • Op-Ed
    Chinese Takeaway: Not So Coy
    C. Raja Mohan October 8, 2014 Indian Express

    Modi's reference to the South China Sea says more about India’s changing political attitude than its policy towards the maritime territorial disputes between Beijing and its Asian neighbours.

     
  • Op-Ed
    The Second Chance
    C. Raja Mohan October 6, 2014 Eurasia Review

    If the expansive agenda unveiled by Modi and Obama is matched by bureaucratic purposefulness in Delhi and Washington, India and America have a second chance at building a strategic partnership of considerable consequence.

     
  • Op-Ed
    The Other Saffron
    Christophe Jaffrelot October 6, 2014 Indian Express

    Yogi Adityanath, a polarizing BJP member of parliament, will play a prominent role if the party’s electoral rhetoric shifts from development to sectarian issues.

     
  • Op-Ed
    Modi and the Middle East: Towards a Link West Policy
    C. Raja Mohan October 5, 2014 Indian Express

    While continuing to engage with East and South East Asia, Indian Prime Minister Modi is ‘Linking West’ to increase India’s ties to the Middle East.

     
  • Op-Ed
    The Second Chance
    C. Raja Mohan October 2, 2014 Indian Express

    What stands out at the end of Narendra Modi’s visit is his demonstration of political will and diplomatic ingenuity to rekindle the romance with America that had gone cold in recent years.

     

Getting India Back on Track: An Action Agenda for Reform

Carnegie Video

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India Decides 2014

Carnegie Experts on South Asia

  • Sarah Chayes
    Senior Associate
    Democracy and Rule of Law Program
    South Asia Program

    Chayes, formerly special adviser to the chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, is an expert in South Asia policy, kleptocracy and anticorruption, and civil-military relations.

  •  
  • Gilles Dorronsoro
    Nonresident Scholar
    South Asia Program

    Dorronsoro’s research focuses on security and political development in Afghanistan. He was a professor of political science at the Sorbonne in Paris and the Institute of Political Studies of Rennes.

  •  
  • Frederic Grare
    Director and Senior Associate
    South Asia Program

    Grare is senior associate and director of Carnegie’s South Asia Program. His research focuses on security issues and democratization in India, Afghanistan, and Pakistan. Previously, he led the Asia bureau at the Directorate for Strategic Affairs in the French Ministry of Defense.

  •  
  • Christophe Jaffrelot
    Nonresident Scholar
    South Asia Program

    Jaffrelot’s core research focuses on theories of nationalism and democracy, mobilization of the lower castes and Dalits (ex-untouchables) in India, the Hindu nationalist movement, and ethnic conflicts in Pakistan.

  •  
  • C. Raja Mohan
    Nonresident Senior Associate
    South Asia Program

    Mohan is a nonresident senior associate in Carnegie’s South Asia Program, where his research focuses on international security, defense, and Asian strategic issues.

  •  
  • George Perkovich
    Vice President for Studies

    Perkovich’s research focuses on nuclear strategy and nonproliferation, with a concentration on South Asia, Iran, and the problem of justice in the international political economy.

  •  
  • Tamanna Salikuddin
    Nonresident Scholar
    South Asia Program

    Salikuddin was director for Afghanistan and Pakistan at the U.S. National Security Council from 2011 to 2013.

  •  
  • Stephen Tankel
    Nonresident Scholar
    South Asia Program

    Tankel is a nonresident scholar at the Carnegie Endowment, where his research focuses on insurgency, terrorism, and the evolution of nonstate armed groups.

  •  
  • Ashley J. Tellis
    Senior Associate
    South Asia Program

    Tellis is a senior associate at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace specializing in international security, defense, and Asian strategic issues.

  •  
  • Milan Vaishnav
    Associate
    South Asia Program

    Vaishnav’s primary research focus is the political economy of India, and he examines issues such as corruption, ethnic politics, governance and state capacity, election finance, and distributive politics.

  •  
  • Bernd von Muenchow-Pohl
    Nonresident Scholar
    South Asia Program

    Von Muenchow-Pohl is a nonresident scholar in Carnegie’s South Asia Program, where his work focuses on Indian domestic, foreign, and economic policy.

  •  

About the Program

The Carnegie South Asia Program informs policy debates relating to the region’s security, economy, and political development. From the war in Afghanistan to Pakistan’s internal dynamics to U.S. engagement with India, the Program’s renowned team of experts offer in-depth analysis derived from their unique access to the people and places defining South Asia’s most critical challenges.

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