China’s Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) has become the organizing foreign policy concept of the Xi Jinping era.
China hopes to use three strengths to make the Belt and Road Initiative a success: its large foreign exchange reserves, dominance in certain infrastructure fields, and unique forms of state backed project finance.
The story of Semipalatinsk nuclear test site demonstrates the tremendous economic, political, human, and environmental costs of nuclear testing and the perils associated with nuclear-weapon programs.
President Trump’s “grand bargain” with Putin is setting expectations too high for what can be achieved under the current circumstances.
Sino-Russian relations are fairly strong and mutually beneficial, particularly for Russia in its pursuit of global power status. It will be difficult to manage triangular relations between China, the United States, and Russia.
The new U.S. administration should avoid fueling unrealistic expectations of a breakthrough and instead seek incremental progress on specific topics based on a set of guiding principles.
The U.S.-Russian relationship is broken, and it cannot be repaired quickly or easily.
Turkmenistan’s political model appears far more fragile than the record after twenty-five years of independence might lead one to believe.
China’s One Belt, One Road project aims to allow Beijing to influence the rules governing the global economy. That is a challenge to which Europeans need to respond.
The small bizarro worlds on both sides of the Caspian shore are laboratories for economic and social transformation in an unstable but critically important region of the world.