Iraq

 
  • Paper
    Iraq’s Sectarian Crisis: A Legacy of Exclusion
    Harith Hasan Al-Qarawee April 18, 2014

    Violence and tensions between Sunnis, Shias, and Kurds continue to threaten Iraq’s stability and fragile democracy. Iraq needs a political compact based less on sectarian identities and more on individual citizens.

     
  • Paper
    Iraq’s Tangled Foreign Interests and Relations
    Paul Salem December 24, 2013 video

    A decade after Saddam Hussein’s fall, Iraq still lacks a centralized foreign policy. Until Baghdad resolves the issues polarizing the country, Iraqi foreign policy will remain disjointed and incoherent.

     
  • Book
    Sectarian Politics in the Gulf: From the Iraq War to the Arab Uprisings
    Frederic Wehrey December 17, 2013 Columbia University Press video

    Although religious differences and regional influences play a role, the rise of sectarianism in the Gulf is ultimately rooted in longstanding problems of governance and elite manipulation of Sunni-Shia identities.

     
  • Paper
    A Review of Citizenship Education in Arab Nations

    Despite paying lip service to reform, many Arab nations’ education programs fail to prepare students to become contributing members of open, pluralistic systems.

     
  • Paper
    Building a Syrian State in a Time of Civil War
    Adam Baczko, Gilles Dorronsoro, Arthur Quesnay April 16, 2013 عربي

    The solution to the Syrian crisis lies in building a state within rebel-held territory that can replace the regime in Damascus.

     
  • Paper
    Contested Consolidation of Power in Iraq
    Maria Fantappie February 20, 2013

    During his second term, Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki emerged as a dominant player in Iraq’s political landscape, but his struggle to consolidate power has created a climate of continuous political crisis in the country.

     
  • Paper
    The State of Iraq
    Marina Ottaway, Danial Kaysi February 8, 2012 عربي

    Iraq's future depends on whether the political factions that dominate the country can find it in their interest to forge a real compromise or if they will conclude that they would benefit more from going in separate directions.

     
  • Paper
    Iran, the United States, and the Gulf: The Elusive Regional Policy
    Marina Ottaway November 12, 2009 عربي

    Any effective U.S. diplomatic approach to Iran must involve other countries in the Gulf, but Washington will not succeed if it continues to strive for an anti-Iranian alliance. A normalization of relations between Iran and its neighbors is an important and attainable step for reintegrating Iran into the international community.

     
  • Report
    Preventing Conflict Over Kurdistan
    Henri Barkey February 9, 2009 عربي

    The invasion of Iraq has surfaced long-suppressed nationalist aspirations among the Kurds. If ignored or mishandled, Kurdish aspirations have the potential to ignite violence and instability in Iraq and the region.

     
  • Policy Outlook
    President Obama and Middle East Expectations
    Amr Hamzawy, Marina Ottaway, Gamal al-Ghitany, Salah ad-Din al-Jourchi, Khaled al-Hroub, Mustapha al-Khalfi January 14, 2009

    Barack Obama's election was celebrated throughout the Middle East. But enthusiasm could quickly turn to hostility if the new administration does not back up its rhetoric with concrete changes to U.S. Middle East policy on three key issues: Palestine, Iraq, and political reform.

     
  • Sada - Analysis
    Iraqi Elections and Maliki’s Gamble
    Myriam Benraad March 25, 2014 عربي

    Fears stemming from the radicalization of Iraq’s Sunni population—and Iraqis’ disillusionment with politics—could propel Maliki into an unpopular third term.

     
  • Syria in Crisis
    Iran and Syria: No Moderation in Sight
    Cornelius Adebahr March 19, 2014

    Iran’s approach to power and ideology remains unchanged, and this directly affects its Syria policy. The Rouhani government sees its alliance with Assad in terms of a regional balance of power as well as geopolitics.

     
  • Strategic Europe
    Germany’s President Speaks Out About Taking Responsibility
    Judy Dempsey January 31, 2014

    In a major speech, the German president has urged his country to do more to recognize its global responsibilities. The challenge will be to transform those words into action.

     
  • Syria in Crisis
    The Kurds and Geneva II
    Wladimir van Wilgenburg January 20, 2014

    Syrian Kurds fear that the Kurdish issue will be ignored in the Geneva II Syrian peace conference, despite the fact that Kurds control a significant part of northern Syria, including many oil-producing areas.

     
  • Strategic Europe
    Judy Asks: Has Hard Power Failed in Iraq?
    Judy Dempsey January 15, 2014

    Every week a selection of leading experts answer a new question from Judy Dempsey on the foreign and security policy challenges shaping Europe’s role in the world.

     
  • Syria in Crisis
    Pushing Back Against the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant: The Path to Conflict
    Aron Lund January 6, 2014

    The fighting that erupted on January 3 has been driven the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) from several of its strongholds in northern Syria by rival rebel factions.

     
  • Syria in Crisis
    The Islamic State: Leaving al-Qaeda Behind
    Romain Caillet December 27, 2013

    The extension of the Salafi rebel group, the Islamic State of Iraq, into Syria has finally put an end to the debate of whether al-Qaeda in Mesopotamia has been dissolved.

     
  • Sada - Analysis
    Maliki's Troubles
    Fadel Al-Kifaee December 18, 2013 عربي

    Due to divisions within Iraq’s Shia establishment, Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki is losing the allies he would need to achieve re-election in 2014.

     
  • Syria in Crisis
    The Kurdish PUK’s Syria Policy
    Wladimir van Wilgenburg December 11, 2013

    The Patriotic Union of Kurdistan (PUK), which is led by Iraqi President Jalal Talabani, says only that it supports minority rights within a democratic Syria and that it is not in favor of autonomy for Syrian Kurds.

     
  • Syria in Crisis
    The Battle in Eastern Syria, Part II
    Aron Lund December 10, 2013

    While the rebels in eastern Syria’s Deir ez-Zor Province have been making progress against Syrian President Bashar al-Assad’s forces, the insurgency is problematic as internal splits and rivalries are pervasive.

     
  • TV/Radio Broadcast
    10th Anniversary of Iraq War
    Zhang Chuanjie March 20, 2013 CCTV

    Given continuing sectarian strife and a rise in terrorist cells in Iraq, the U.S. invasion of the country could be a considered a military victory but is increasingly seen as the wrong political decision.

     
  • TV/Radio Broadcast
    Foreign Policy Challenges in 2010
    Jessica Tuchman Mathews January 4, 2010 The Diane Rehm Show

    Efforts to combat terrorism largely defined the global security agenda during the past decade, when small terrorist groups, with as few as three hundred active members, were able to inflict enormous amounts of damage on regional, national, and international scales.

     
  • TV/Radio Broadcast
    Iraq Prepares for Upcoming Provincial Elections
    Marina Ottaway January 28, 2009 The Takeaway

    Fifteen million Iraqis are expected to turn out to vote in upcoming provincial elections. While the distribution of power between the Shiite and Sunni will not change, there is the possibility that elections may redistribute power among Shiite and Sunni organizations.

     
  • TV/Radio Broadcast
    Iraq Troop Pullout
    Jessica Tuchman Mathews September 9, 2008 Southern California Public Radio

    President Bush’s announcement that 8,000 troops will be withdrawn from Iraq by February 2009 reflects the extreme fragility of the current situation, and a recognition that the gains made to date could quickly unravel. Jessica Mathews discusses the reasons for and consequences of the withdrawal timetable.

     
  • TV/Radio Broadcast
    Critical Issues for U.S. Foreign Policy
    Jessica Tuchman Mathews May 22, 2008 Great Decisions

    Jessica T. Mathews addresses U.S.-Russian relations, nonproliferation, Iran, and global philanthropy in an interview for the Great Decisions Television Series, an eight show series that examines all sides of the most critical foreign policy issues.

     
  • TV/Radio Broadcast
    Iran in Iraq
    Karim Sadjadpour May 7, 2008 The Diane Rehm Show

    The government in Tehran is publicly committed to supporting stability in Iraq, but there are new reports of groups inside Iran training and arming Iraqi militants. Carnegie's Karim Sadjadpour discusses his perspective on Iran's role in Iraq and its influence throughout the Middle East.

     
  • TV/Radio Broadcast
    Achieving Stability in a Political Vacuum
    Jessica Tuchman Mathews March 20, 2008

    Jessica T. Mathews discussed the long term prospects for stability in Iraq, the political failure of the “surge”, and the interests of Iraq’s neighbors on China Radio International’s People in the Know.

     
  • TV/Radio Broadcast
    Iranian President Ahmadinejad’s Trip to Iraq
    Karim Sadjadpour March 4, 2008 BBC's The World Tonight
     
  • TV/Radio Broadcast
    Analysis: Iran's Influence in Iraq
    Karim Sadjadpour March 3, 2008 NBC Nightly News
     
  • TV/Radio Broadcast
    State of the Union: Reaction
    Jessica Tuchman Mathews January 28, 2008 NPR's All Things Considered
     
  • Event
    America’s Second-Longest War: Taking Stock
    Jessica Tuchman Mathews, Ryan Crocker, Emma Sky, Linda J. Bilmes, Zbigniew Brzezinski, Major General H.R. McMaster, Rajiv Chandrasekaran, Samir Sumaida’ie March 21, 2013 Washington, DC

    Ten years after the invasion of Iraq, it is important to examine Iraq’s trajectory today, the war’s cost, and the geopolitical lessons learned.

     
  • Event
    A Conversation with General Martin Dempsey
    General Martin Dempsey, Jessica Tuchman Mathews May 1, 2012 Washington, D.C.

    General Martin Dempsey, the 18th Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, delivered remarks at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.

     
  • Event
    The State of Iraq
    Ad Melkert, Joel Rayburn, Marina Ottaway February 14, 2012 Washington, D.C.

    Iraq is facing a new crisis as the government of national unity is under severe strain and sectarian tensions increase.

     
  • Event
    Public Opinion on Iraq and the Arab Spring
    James Zogby, Edward Gnehm Jr., Mustafa Hamarneh, Marwan Muasher, Marina Ottaway December 19, 2011 Washington, D.C.

    Zogby Research Services conducted polling in eight countries across the Middle East and North Africa, as well as in the United States, to look at public opinion on the U.S. withdrawal from Iraq, the Arab Spring, and other recent developments in the region.

     
  • Event
    The Future of Kirkuk
    Governor Najmaldin Karim, Marina Ottaway May 20, 2011 Washington, D.C.

    Five years after the adoption of the new Iraqi constitution, the status of Kirkuk remains a flashpoint that threatens Iraq’s future stability.

     
  • Event
    Is Iraq Next?
    Denise Natali, Marina Ottaway, Henri Barkey, Marwan Muasher March 11, 2011 Washington, D.C.

    As protesters throughout the region challenge their authoritarian leaders, Iraqis are also standing up and demanding more accountability from their government and an end to the corrupt practices of their politicians.

     
  • Event
    The New Iraqi Government: Implications for U.S. Policy
    Michael Corbin, Marina Ottaway January 25, 2011 Washington, D.C.

    As U.S. troops continue to withdraw from Iraq, America’s relationship with the emerging democracy is evolving from a security-dominated military alliance into a more traditional bilateral relationship based on cooperation between civilian institutions.

     
  • Event
    Iraqi Kurdistan Today: Between Autonomy and Dependency
    Denise Natali, Henri Barkey, Marina Ottaway September 27, 2010 Washington, D.C.

    Since the American occupation of Iraq, the Kurdistan Regional Government has enjoyed an unprecedented degree of autonomy. But is Iraqi Kurdistan today a region of Iraq enjoying an unusual degree of autonomy or is it a state in the making?

     
  • Event
    A Conversation with Turkey's Kurdish Leaders
    Ahmet Türk, Selahattin Demirtas, Henri Barkey May 4, 2010 Washington, D.C.

    Last August Turkey's ruling party launched a new policy approach aimed at resolving tensions between the Turkish government and Turkey’s Kurdish population. Almost nine months later, the policy seems to have run aground.

     
  • Event
    After the Elections: A New Beginning for Iraq and the United States?
    Saifaldin Abdul-Rahman, Brian Katulis, Marina Ottaway, Michele Dunne March 19, 2010 Washington, D.C.

    On March 7th, Iraqis went to the polls to vote in their second free parliamentary elections. The subsequent government formation process will have implications on the stability of Iraq and the U.S. effort to withdraw combat forces.

     
  • Paper
    Iraq’s Sectarian Crisis: A Legacy of Exclusion
    Harith Hasan Al-Qarawee April 18, 2014

    Violence and tensions between Sunnis, Shias, and Kurds continue to threaten Iraq’s stability and fragile democracy. Iraq needs a political compact based less on sectarian identities and more on individual citizens.

     
  • Sada - Analysis
    Iraqi Elections and Maliki’s Gamble
    Myriam Benraad March 25, 2014 عربي

    Fears stemming from the radicalization of Iraq’s Sunni population—and Iraqis’ disillusionment with politics—could propel Maliki into an unpopular third term.

     
  • Syria in Crisis
    Iran and Syria: No Moderation in Sight
    Cornelius Adebahr March 19, 2014

    Iran’s approach to power and ideology remains unchanged, and this directly affects its Syria policy. The Rouhani government sees its alliance with Assad in terms of a regional balance of power as well as geopolitics.

     
  • Strategic Europe
    Germany’s President Speaks Out About Taking Responsibility
    Judy Dempsey January 31, 2014

    In a major speech, the German president has urged his country to do more to recognize its global responsibilities. The challenge will be to transform those words into action.

     
  • Syria in Crisis
    The Kurds and Geneva II
    Wladimir van Wilgenburg January 20, 2014

    Syrian Kurds fear that the Kurdish issue will be ignored in the Geneva II Syrian peace conference, despite the fact that Kurds control a significant part of northern Syria, including many oil-producing areas.

     
  • Strategic Europe
    Judy Asks: Has Hard Power Failed in Iraq?
    Judy Dempsey January 15, 2014

    Every week a selection of leading experts answer a new question from Judy Dempsey on the foreign and security policy challenges shaping Europe’s role in the world.

     
  • Syria in Crisis
    Pushing Back Against the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant: The Path to Conflict
    Aron Lund January 6, 2014

    The fighting that erupted on January 3 has been driven the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) from several of its strongholds in northern Syria by rival rebel factions.

     
  • Syria in Crisis
    The Islamic State: Leaving al-Qaeda Behind
    Romain Caillet December 27, 2013

    The extension of the Salafi rebel group, the Islamic State of Iraq, into Syria has finally put an end to the debate of whether al-Qaeda in Mesopotamia has been dissolved.

     
  • Paper
    Iraq’s Tangled Foreign Interests and Relations
    Paul Salem December 24, 2013 video

    A decade after Saddam Hussein’s fall, Iraq still lacks a centralized foreign policy. Until Baghdad resolves the issues polarizing the country, Iraqi foreign policy will remain disjointed and incoherent.

     
  • Sada - Analysis
    Maliki's Troubles
    Fadel Al-Kifaee December 18, 2013 عربي

    Due to divisions within Iraq’s Shia establishment, Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki is losing the allies he would need to achieve re-election in 2014.

     

Carnegie Experts on Iraq

  • Michele Dunne
    Senior Associate
    Middle East Program

    Dunne is an expert on political and economic change in Arab countries, particularly Egypt, as well as U.S. policy in the Middle East.

  •  
  • Ariel (Eli) Levite
    Nonresident Senior Associate
    Nuclear Policy Program

    Levite was the principal deputy director general for policy at the Israeli Atomic Energy Commission from 2002 to 2007.

  •  
  • Jessica Tuchman Mathews
    President

    Mathews is president of the Carnegie Endowment. Before her appointment in 1997, her career included posts in both the executive and legislative branches of government, in management and research in the nonprofit arena, and in journalism and science policy.

  •  
  • Marwan Muasher
    Vice President for Studies

    Muasher is vice president for studies at Carnegie, where he oversees research in Washington and Beirut on the Middle East.

  •  
  • Paul Schulte
    Nonresident Senior Associate
    Nuclear Policy Program and Carnegie Europe

    Schulte is a nonresident senior associate in the Carnegie Nuclear Policy Program and at Carnegie Europe, where his research focuses on the future of deterrence, nuclear strategy, nuclear nonproliferation, cybersecurity, and their political implications.

  •  
  • Frederic Wehrey
    Senior Associate
    Middle East Program

    Wehrey’s research focuses on political reform and security issues in the Arab Gulf states, Libya, and U.S. policy in the Middle East more broadly. He was previously a senior policy analyst at the RAND Corporation.

  •  

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