Russia badly needs to produce a long-term strategy towards India and the region of south Asia, and to stop thinking about India and Pakistan tactically and separately.
The contradictions between India’s policies vis-à-vis Pakistan and the United States and its membership of the BRICS, a grouping dominated by Russia and China, were visible at the BRICS summit in Goa.
India confronts an exceptionally difficult national security problem: how to motivate Pakistan to prevent cross-border terrorism.
U.S. policy toward Pakistan has cost the lives of soldiers and undermined the reconstruction of Afghanistan. Unfortunately, it will most likely take a major terrorist attack to change this policy.
Russia's recent military exercises with Pakistan showed that Moscow still views many international issues through the prism of its relations with the U.S. Such a position might put Russia-India relations at risk.
Before India and Pakistan enter the SCO, Russia and China should make an effort to help them prevent future conflicts. Failing to help manage the relationship now carries a serious risk for the entire SCO project started by Beijing and Moscow 15 years ago. So, China and Russia owe it to themselves to begin defusing tensions between their partners.
The challenge facing India’s leaders is to show that strength can be blended with subtlety and deftness
India can’t compel Pakistan to join the project of South Asian integration. Instead,Delhi must devote itself to bilateral, sub-regional, and trans-regional cooperation with its neighbors.
With India and Pakistan close to the brink of confrontation, the subcontinent presents an illuminating study in what happens when traditional assumptions about deterrence no longer hold.
Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s seeks to break out of the many presumed constraints on India’s Pakistan policy by taking more risks than his predecessors.