• Op-Ed
    US Should Respond to Bahrain
    Rachel Kleinfeld July 10, 2014 Hill

    If the United States does not respond to Bahrain’s expulsion of U.S. diplomat Tom Malinowski, it will not just be interpreted as weakness by other countries, it will also damage America’s ability to conduct foreign policy.

  • Article
    Gulf Calculations in the Syrian Conflict
    Frederic Wehrey June 9, 2014 عربي

    Gulf states’ reasons for intervention in Syria are complex, and their policies are unpredictable and frequently contradictory.

  • Op-Ed
    The Gulf’s Achilles’ Heel
    Frederic Wehrey March 27, 2014 National Interest

    The political impasse of Bahrain is a festering wound in the Gulf. If left unaddressed, it will eventually threaten U.S. assets and people.

  • Letter to Obama: Promote Bahrain Reform
    March 10, 2014

    Reform and stability can co-exist, and the United States must demonstrate the leadership needed to realize that model in the Gulf and help end the political crisis and the violence that afflict Bahrain.

  • Op-Ed
    Ominous Divide: Shiite Iran v Sunni Gulf
    Frederic Wehrey February 18, 2014 United States Institute of Peace

    The conflict between Saudi Arabia and Iran is not driven primarily by a Sunni-Shiite divide or even Arab-Persian ethnic differences. The conflict is informed by two radically different models of government and two very different visions of regional order.

  • Combating Unconventional Threats in the Gulf
    Frederic Wehrey December 6, 2013 The Uneasy Balance

    There is a clear convergence of interests between the Gulf Cooperation Council and the West in combating terrorism and piracy. But there are and will continue to be differences over the nature of domestic, political, and ideological challenges, and how best to address them.

  • Syria’s Sectarian Ripples Across the Gulf
    Frederic Wehrey November 18, 2013 United States Institute of Peace

    Like the Iraq war, Syria’s internecine conflict has enabled the Gulf’s ruling families, media commentators, clerics, parliamentarians, and activists to invoke and amplify Sunni-Shia identities, often for goals that are rooted in local power politics.

  • Op-Ed
    With Friends like These: Bahrain’s U.S.-Backed Military and the National Dialogue
    Frederic Wehrey March 14, 2013 World Politics Review

    Despite the appointment of a new deputy prime minister, international observers should be under no illusion about the forces still arrayed against compromise in Bahrain.

  • Op-Ed
    Human Rights and Sports Events
    Judy Dempsey February 18, 2013 New York Times

    Despite the support by some political parties in Europe, human rights organizations have been unable to prevent high-profile events taking place in autocratic countries.

  • Op-Ed
    An Attempt to Take Tools From Tyrants
    Judy Dempsey February 18, 2013 New York Times

    In a bid to prevent European companies from selling electronic eavesdropping gear to Bahrain, several groups have filed a complaint with the OECD.

  • Sada - Analysis
    Boycott in Bahrain
    Jane Kinninmont November 21, 2014 عربي

    Upcoming elections in Bahrain are likely to prompt more opposition protests, rather than providing a means of channeling and containing opposition activity.

  • Syria in Crisis
    Gulf Participation in the Anti–Islamic State Coalition: Limitations and Costs
    Frederic Wehrey September 23, 2014

    The contribution of Gulf Arab countries in the fight against the Islamic State should not be overstated and should be caveated with an awareness of the risks and costs—for both the Gulf regimes at home and U.S. interests in the region.

  • Sada - Analysis
    Bahrain Between its Backers and the Brotherhood
    Ibrahim Hatlani May 20, 2014 عربي

    The recent efforts to label the Muslim Brotherhood as a terrorist organization puts Bahrain’s leadership at odds with its domestic ally against the Shia opposition.

  • Sada Discussion
    Can Bahrain Find a Path Forward?
    Sada Debate October 24, 2013 عربي

    Bahrain remains mired in a political stalemate with little serious progress toward reconciliation and reform, but few signs of a return to the acute instability of 2011. Why has reconciliation been elusive, and will it remain so? Four experts on Bahrain weigh in.

  • Sada - Analysis
    Talks of Hope?
    Laurence Louër February 19, 2013 عربي

    Restoring trust amid Bahrain's highly polarized society will need a much more substantial approach to the country’s problems.

  • Sada - Analysis
    Bahrain: Human Rights and Political Wrongs
    Toby Jones September 25, 2012 عربي

    The crackdowns have only increased, but human rights defenders have gained significant political capital.

  • Sada - Analysis
    Are Bahrain’s Sunnis Still Awake?
    Justin Gengler June 25, 2012 عربي

    Bahrain’s Shi‘a-led demonstrations were quickly followed by Sunni-led counter-protests. Do these new movements represent a genuine shift in the political landscape?

  • Sada - Analysis
    The Kingdoms United?
    Nima Khorrami Assl May 22, 2012 عربي

    Whispers of a Bahraini-Saudi union have long abounded. Yet only recently has the matter been discussed realistically—most visibly during May 14’s GCC meeting. Is such a union possible?

  • Sada - Analysis
    The War of the Words: Bahrain's Struggle over Local Coverage
    Nada al-Wadi May 3, 2012 عربي

    The media and the state are fighting to control the narrative both at home and abroad.

  • Sada - Analysis
    Houses Divided: the Splintering of Bahrain’s Political Camps
    Laurence Louër April 4, 2012 عربي

    The opposition is splitting up—but so are supporters of the regime.


Carnegie Experts on Bahrain

  • Lina Khatib
    Middle East Center

    Khatib is director of the Carnegie Middle East Center in Beirut. Previously, she was the co-founding head of the Program on Arab Reform and Democracy at Stanford University’s Center on Democracy, Development, and the Rule of Law.

  • Marwan Muasher
    Vice President for Studies

    Muasher is vice president for studies at Carnegie, where he oversees research in Washington and Beirut on the Middle East.

  • Frederic Wehrey
    Senior Associate
    Middle East Program

    Wehrey’s research focuses on political reform and security issues in the Arab Gulf states, Libya, and U.S. policy in the Middle East more broadly.


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