Azerbaijan

 
  • Book
    Black Garden: Armenia and Azerbaijan Through Peace and War, 10th Year Anniversary Edition
    Thomas de Waal July 8, 2013

    Nearly 20 years since the 1994 ceasefire, Armenia and Azerbaijan have still failed to resolve their dispute and normalize relations.

     
  • Report
    Energy as a Building Block in Creating a Euro-Atlantic Security Community
    February 3, 2012 EASI Working Group Paper Русский

    Enhanced energy security is particularly important for a more cohesive security collaboration among the states of the Euro-Atlantic region.

     
  • Book
    Post-Imperium: A Eurasian Story
    Dmitri Trenin July 6, 2011 Washington

    Moscow needs to drop the notion of creating an exclusive power center in the post-Soviet space. Like other former European empires, Russia has no choice but to reinvent itself as a global player and as part of a wider community.

     
  • Book
    The Caucasus: An Introduction
    Thomas de Waal September 17, 2010 Oxford University Press

    While the Caucasus is too often treated as a subset of Russian history or as merely a gateway to Asia, it remains an important and combustible region, whose inner dynamics and history deserve a much more complex appreciation from the wider world.

     
  • Book
    Central Asia’s Second Chance
    Martha Brill Olcott August 10, 2005 Washington

    Early hopes for a democratic transition in Central Asia after the fall of the Soviet Union were dashed, but new hope was raised as the global community re-engaged with Central Asia in the wake of 9/11. Martha Brill Olcott explains how the region squandered its "second chance," and what might happen next.

     
  • Book
    Democracy Challenged: The Rise of Semi-Authoritarianism
    Marina Ottaway January 1, 2003 Washington, DC: Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, 2003

    During the 1990s, international democracy promotion efforts led to the establishment of numerous regimes that cannot be easily classified as either authoritarian or democratic - semi-authoritarian regimes. These regimes pose a considerable challenge to U.S. policy makers because the superficial stability of semi-authoritarian regimes usually masks severe problems that could lead to future crises.

     
  • Eurasia Outlook
    Gülen: Top Issue in the Agenda of Erdoğan’s Visit to Azerbaijan
    Bayram Balci April 9, 2014

    Turkish Prime Minister Erdogan takes the battle against the Gülen movement beyond the national borders, and it seems that his visit to Azerbaijan, to a large extent, was motivated by the omnipresence of Gülen followers whose activities in Azerbaijan are massive and successful.

     
  • Eurasia Outlook
    Adrift on the Black Sea
    Thomas de Waal April 2, 2014

    The Black Sea region could do with some Turkish soft power, but it looks as though this is not a priority for Prime Minister Erdogan.

     
  • Eurasia Outlook
    Crimea and Karabakh
    Thomas de Waal March 26, 2014

    As soon as the Crimea crisis struck, both Armenia and Azerbaijan immediately hardened their positions on the Nagorny Karabakh conflict.

     
  • Eurasia Outlook
    Karabakh: Can the Rhetoric Ceasefire Hold?
    Thomas de Waal January 22, 2014

    In the last few months the almost moribund peace process over Nagorny Karabakh has got back on its feet. This isn’t a resumption of full negotiations, but it is a start.

     
  • Eurasia Outlook
    Making Vilnius Count for the Caucasus: A Puzzle in Quest of Pieces
    Tedo Japaridze January 15, 2014

    Europeanization must mean that Georgia becomes an attractive market in terms of human and infrastructural resources, a country which is a reliable contract guarantor and, thereby, a hub and a model for the region as a whole.

     
  • Eurasia Outlook
    Stormy Weather in the Caucasus
    Thomas de Waal January 8, 2014

    To paraphrase Tolstoy, “All democracies are alike, all non-democratic regimes are unhappy in their own way.” This is what should be borne in mind, looking ahead into 2014 in the Caucasus region.

     
  • Eurasia Outlook
    Peace on Earth (Well, in Europe Anyway)
    Thomas de Waal December 25, 2013

    By pretty much any historical standards, the wider Europe at the dawn of 2014 is incredibly peaceful. However, peace in Europe should be a signal not for Panglossian optimism but for redoubled Europeans to be vigilant against the risk of new conflicts, large and small.

     
  • Strategic Europe
    A Different Approach to Fostering Democracy
    Judy Dempsey December 12, 2013

    Stuttering efforts to promote democracy and human rights in Europe’s neighborhood show why the European Endowment for Democracy is so badly needed.

     
  • Eurasia Outlook
    Awkward in Yerevan
    Thomas de Waal December 11, 2013

    The Armenians can use Turkish Foreign Minister Ahmet Davutoglu’s visit to vent some of their frustrations with Turkey—and then get back to talking again.

     
  • Eurasia Outlook
    Mixed Messages for Russia’s Neighbors
    Thomas de Waal November 13, 2013

    Putin has always flirted with the new Russian nationalism, never embracing it outright. Now he faces a dilemma as the phenomenon he helped create weakens the basis of his Eurasian Union project.

     
  • TV/Radio Broadcast
    Remembering Stalin
    Thomas de Waal March 5, 2013 BBC World News

    The figure of Stalin still provokes many positive reactions in the former Soviet Union.

     
  • TV/Radio Broadcast
    Tensions Between Armenia and Azerbaijan
    Thomas de Waal February 28, 2013 Voice of America

    The situation in the South Caucasus continues to be perilous as leaders of both Armenia and Azerbaijan find themselves increasingly boxed in by domestic political constraints.

     
  • TV/Radio Broadcast
    Smoldering Nagorno-Karabakh Conflict Could Re-Erupt
    Thomas de Waal June 5, 2012 BBC World News

    The unresolved Nagorno-Karabakh conflict between Armenia and Azerbaijan has the potential to flare up again as tensions mount on their interstate border.

     
  • TV/Radio Broadcast
    The Caucasus: History Needn't Repeat
    Thomas de Waal December 11, 2010 ABC Radio's Saturday Extra

    While the nations of the Caucasus are heavily influenced by historical narratives of intractable ethnic conflicts, a more critical look at the region’s history reveals a number of surprising alliances and pragmatic resolutions.

     
  • TV/Radio Broadcast
    Unrest in the Caucasus
    Maria Lipman August 18, 2009 Al Jazeera's Inside Story

    As violence in the North Caucasus surges, Kremlin policies and its loyal, but brutal, local leaders have played a critical role in causing the situation.

     
  • TV/Radio Broadcast
    Azerbaijan's President Visits Washington
    Michelle Kelemen April 28, 2006 National Public Radio

    Martha Brill Olcott discusses U.S.-Azeri relations with NPR's Michelle Kelemen.

     
  • Eurasia Outlook
    Gülen: Top Issue in the Agenda of Erdoğan’s Visit to Azerbaijan
    Bayram Balci April 9, 2014

    Turkish Prime Minister Erdogan takes the battle against the Gülen movement beyond the national borders, and it seems that his visit to Azerbaijan, to a large extent, was motivated by the omnipresence of Gülen followers whose activities in Azerbaijan are massive and successful.

     
  • Eurasia Outlook
    Adrift on the Black Sea
    Thomas de Waal April 2, 2014

    The Black Sea region could do with some Turkish soft power, but it looks as though this is not a priority for Prime Minister Erdogan.

     
  • Eurasia Outlook
    Crimea and Karabakh
    Thomas de Waal March 26, 2014

    As soon as the Crimea crisis struck, both Armenia and Azerbaijan immediately hardened their positions on the Nagorny Karabakh conflict.

     
  • Eurasia Outlook
    Karabakh: Can the Rhetoric Ceasefire Hold?
    Thomas de Waal January 22, 2014

    In the last few months the almost moribund peace process over Nagorny Karabakh has got back on its feet. This isn’t a resumption of full negotiations, but it is a start.

     
  • Eurasia Outlook
    Making Vilnius Count for the Caucasus: A Puzzle in Quest of Pieces
    Tedo Japaridze January 15, 2014

    Europeanization must mean that Georgia becomes an attractive market in terms of human and infrastructural resources, a country which is a reliable contract guarantor and, thereby, a hub and a model for the region as a whole.

     
  • Eurasia Outlook
    Stormy Weather in the Caucasus
    Thomas de Waal January 8, 2014

    To paraphrase Tolstoy, “All democracies are alike, all non-democratic regimes are unhappy in their own way.” This is what should be borne in mind, looking ahead into 2014 in the Caucasus region.

     
  • Eurasia Outlook
    Peace on Earth (Well, in Europe Anyway)
    Thomas de Waal December 25, 2013

    By pretty much any historical standards, the wider Europe at the dawn of 2014 is incredibly peaceful. However, peace in Europe should be a signal not for Panglossian optimism but for redoubled Europeans to be vigilant against the risk of new conflicts, large and small.

     
  • Strategic Europe
    A Different Approach to Fostering Democracy
    Judy Dempsey December 12, 2013

    Stuttering efforts to promote democracy and human rights in Europe’s neighborhood show why the European Endowment for Democracy is so badly needed.

     
  • Eurasia Outlook
    Awkward in Yerevan
    Thomas de Waal December 11, 2013

    The Armenians can use Turkish Foreign Minister Ahmet Davutoglu’s visit to vent some of their frustrations with Turkey—and then get back to talking again.

     
  • Eurasia Outlook
    Mixed Messages for Russia’s Neighbors
    Thomas de Waal November 13, 2013

    Putin has always flirted with the new Russian nationalism, never embracing it outright. Now he faces a dilemma as the phenomenon he helped create weakens the basis of his Eurasian Union project.

     

Carnegie Experts on Azerbaijan

  • Bayram Balci
    Visiting Scholar
    Middle East Program

    Balci is a visiting scholar in Carnegie’s Middle East Program, where his research focuses on Turkey and Turkish foreign policy in the Middle East, Central Asia, and the Caucasus.

  •  
  • James Collins
    Senior Associate, Russia and Eurasia Program;
    Diplomat in Residence

    Ambassador Collins was the U.S. ambassador to the Russian Federation from 1997 to 2001 and is an expert on the former Soviet Union, its successor states, and the Middle East.

  •  
  • Thomas de Waal
    Senior Associate
    Russia and Eurasia Program

    De Waal is a senior associate at the Carnegie Endowment, specializing primarily in the South Caucasus region comprising Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Georgia and their breakaway territories as well as the wider Black Sea region.

  •  
  • Stefan Lehne
    Visiting Scholar
    Carnegie Europe

    Lehne is a visiting scholar at Carnegie Europe in Brussels, where his research focuses on the post–Lisbon Treaty development of the European Union’s foreign policy, with a specific focus on relations between the EU and member states.

  •  
  • Maria Lipman
    Scholar in Residence
    Society and Regions Program
    Editor in Chief, Pro et Contra
    Moscow Center

    Lipman is the editor in chief of the Pro et Contra journal, published by the Carnegie Moscow Center. She is also the expert of the Carnegie Moscow Center’s Society and Regions Program.

  •  
  • Alexey Malashenko
    Scholar in Residence
    Religion, Society, and Security Program
    Moscow Center

    Malashenko is the co-chair of the Carnegie Moscow Center’s Religion, Society, and Security Program. He also taught at the Higher School of Economics from 2007 to 2008 and was a professor at the Moscow State Institute of International Relations from 2000 to 2006.

  •  
  • Lilia Shevtsova
    Senior Associate
    Russian Domestic Politics and Political Institutions Program
    Moscow Center

    Shevtsova chairs the Russian Domestic Politics and Political Institutions Program at the Carnegie Moscow Center, dividing her time between Carnegie’s offices in Washington, DC, and Moscow. She has been with Carnegie since 1995.

  •  
  • Dmitri Trenin
    Director
    Moscow Center

    Trenin, director of the Carnegie Moscow Center, has been with the center since its inception. He also chairs the research council and the Foreign and Security Policy Program.

  •  

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