• Eurasia Outlook
    Looking Back on 2014 (Part II)
    Thomas de Waal, Maxim Suchkov, Balázs Jarábik, Arkady Dubnov, Vinay Shukla, Petr Topychkanov, Alexander Gabuev, Nikolay Kozhanov December 31, 2014

    2014 was a year of crisis. Ebola, ISIS, and Donbas are now part of the global lexicon. Eurasia Outlook experts weigh in on how crises on Russia’s periphery affected the country, and what these developments mean for Moscow in 2015.

  • Eurasia Outlook
    Regime Change Divides East and West
    Thomas de Waal December 17, 2014

    In the new ideological cleavage that has opened up between Vladimir Putin’s Russia and Western countries, one idea divides them like no other: the meaning of regime change.

  • Eurasia Outlook
    The Drivers of Russian Policy in the Post-Soviet Space
    Maxim Suchkov November 24, 2014

    As Russia and the West enter a period of prolonged mutual resentment and distrust, the post-Soviet space remains the most volatile issue in their relationship.

  • Eurasia Outlook
    Echoes of the Ukraine Crisis in the South Caucasus
    Maxim Suchkov October 24, 2014

    The Ukrainian crisis has shown to the South Caucasian states that deciding between European and Eurasian integration comes at a high price, but that indecisiveness is an even worse path.

  • Eurasia Outlook
    Queuing for Russia’s Food Market
    Thomas de Waal October 1, 2014

    The list of countries wanting to take advantage of Western sanctions to boost their food exports to Russia has nothing in common but the desire to gain a new market.

  • Eurasia Outlook
    The Scotland Effect
    Thomas de Waal September 17, 2014

    Separatists across Europe are hailing Scotland's referendum, but they also know that breaking up is a traumatic process.

  • Eurasia Outlook
    Armenian Maneuvers
    Thomas de Waal September 11, 2014

    Last year, Armenian President Sargsyan committed his country to joining Putin’s Eurasian Union, instead of going toward the EU. A year on, serious discussions between the EU and Yerevan on how to re-launch the relationship have yet to start.

  • Eurasia Outlook
    Putin Brings Armenian and Azeri Leaders Together, But No Solution to Karabakh in Sight
    Alexey Malashenko August 14, 2014

    The Sochi meeting between Russia’s, Armenia’s, and Azerbaijan’s presidents is but one episode in the series of Russia’s protracted peacemaking efforts. Rather, the Armenia-Azerbaijan conflict serves as a great pretext for Russia’s presence in the South Caucasus.

  • Eurasia Outlook
    Out of Ideas in Sochi
    Thomas de Waal August 13, 2014

    Putin enjoyed his moment in the media limelight as a peace-maker over Karabakh. But the lack of substance from the summit suggests that Russia is as out of ideas as anyone else on the Karabakh conflict.

  • Eurasia Outlook
    Karabakh’s Guns of August
    Thomas de Waal August 5, 2014

    The ceasefire in Nagorny Karabakh has been violated multiple times over the last few days. Without a more substantial peace process that both Armenia and Azerbaijan can buy into, the violence is all too likely to re-occur.

  • TV/Radio Broadcast
    Armenia, the Eurasian Customs Union, and the Future
    Thomas de Waal January 13, 2014 Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty

    There are still many questions about Armenia’s future in the Russia-led Eurasian Customs Union, as well as the future of the union itself.

  • TV/Radio Broadcast
    Remembering Stalin
    Thomas de Waal March 5, 2013 BBC World News

    The figure of Stalin still provokes many positive reactions in the former Soviet Union.

  • TV/Radio Broadcast
    Tensions Between Armenia and Azerbaijan
    Thomas de Waal February 28, 2013 Voice of America

    The situation in the South Caucasus continues to be perilous as leaders of both Armenia and Azerbaijan find themselves increasingly boxed in by domestic political constraints.

  • TV/Radio Broadcast
    Smoldering Nagorno-Karabakh Conflict Could Re-Erupt
    Thomas de Waal June 5, 2012 BBC World News

    The unresolved Nagorno-Karabakh conflict between Armenia and Azerbaijan has the potential to flare up again as tensions mount on their interstate border.

  • TV/Radio Broadcast
    The Caucasus: History Needn't Repeat
    Thomas de Waal December 11, 2010 ABC Radio's Saturday Extra

    While the nations of the Caucasus are heavily influenced by historical narratives of intractable ethnic conflicts, a more critical look at the region’s history reveals a number of surprising alliances and pragmatic resolutions.

  • TV/Radio Broadcast
    Unrest in the Caucasus
    Maria Lipman August 18, 2009 Al Jazeera's Inside Story

    As violence in the North Caucasus surges, Kremlin policies and its loyal, but brutal, local leaders have played a critical role in causing the situation.


Eurasia Outlook

Carnegie Experts on Armenia

  • James Collins
    Senior Associate, Russia and Eurasia Program;
    Diplomat in Residence

    Ambassador Collins was the U.S. ambassador to the Russian Federation from 1997 to 2001 and is an expert on the former Soviet Union, its successor states, and the Middle East.

  • Thomas de Waal
    Senior Associate
    Russia and Eurasia Program

    De Waal is a senior associate at the Carnegie Endowment, specializing primarily in the South Caucasus region comprising Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Georgia and their breakaway territories as well as the wider Black Sea region.

  • Stefan Lehne
    Visiting Scholar
    Carnegie Europe

    Lehne is a visiting scholar at Carnegie Europe in Brussels, where his research focuses on the post–Lisbon Treaty development of the European Union’s foreign policy, with a specific focus on relations between the EU and member states.

  • Alexey Malashenko
    Scholar in Residence
    Religion, Society, and Security Program
    Moscow Center

    Malashenko is the chair of the Carnegie Moscow Center’s Religion, Society, and Security Program. He also taught at the Higher School of Economics from 2007 to 2008 and was a professor at the Moscow State Institute of International Relations from 2000 to 2006.

  • Dmitri Trenin
    Moscow Center

    Trenin, director of the Carnegie Moscow Center, has been with the center since its inception. He also chairs the research council and the Foreign and Security Policy Program.


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