Although governments in the Middle East and Central Asia spend a great deal on the public sector by international standards, they are failing to secure inclusive growth. How can the public sector be modernized in order to trim costs and improve services?
The Arab Spring failed to quickly change the status quo, but may have set in motion a transformational process that, if managed properly, may can lead to more open and meritocratic societies across the region.
The ideas of religious moderation and social modernization have been steadily pushed on the defensive in the four decades since 1979. Any effort to reverse 1979, therefore, must be welcomed in the Subcontinent.
Party leaders have been aware that the Chinese people increasingly demand not only economic prosperity but also social gains. It remains a question whether they will successfully meet these demands while doubling down on Leninist political principles.
Adly is a nonresident scholar at the Carnegie Middle East Center, where his research centers on political economy, development studies, and economic sociology of the Middle East, with a focus on Egypt.
Feigenbaum’s work focuses principally on China and India, geopolitics in Asia, and the role of the United States in East, Central, and South Asia. His previous positions include deputy assistant secretary of state for South Asia, deputy assistant secretary of state for Central Asia, and member of the secretary of state’s policy planning staff with principal responsibility for East Asia and the Pacific.
Nonresident Fellow Democracy and Rule of Law Program
Steven Feldstein is a nonresident fellow in Carnegie’s Democracy and Rule of Law Program, where he focuses on issues of democracy, human rights, governance, rule of law, political reform, security, emerging economies, and Sub-Saharan Africa.
Paul Stronski is a senior fellow in Carnegie’s Russia and Eurasia Program, where his research focuses on the relationship between Russia and neighboring countries in Central Asia and the South Caucasus.