South Asia


    • Event

    Pakistan in Transition

    On October 31, 2006, the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace hosted Ms. Asma Jehangir, Chairperson of the Human Rights Commission of Pakistan. Speaking on “Pakistan in Transition,” Ms. Jehangir presented her views on the political climate in the country.

    • Book

    Strategic Asia 2006–07: Trade, Interdependence, and Security

    This book examines the strategic balance in Asia and the increasing levels of trade and interdependence in the region, assessing the implications for the United States.

    • Proliferation Analysis

    North Korea's Test and Congressional Delay: Implications for India-US Nuclear Deal

    • Anirudh Suri
    • October 24, 2006

    The India-U.S. civilian nuclear deal, under which the U.S. would provide civilian nuclear technology to India, overturning decades of U.S. policy and marking a turning point in the evolution of the U.S.-India relationship, has faltered close to fruition. Even as a new counter-offensive has been launched to push through the deal during the lame duck session of the Senate in November, proponents of the deal are disappointed, and even slightly frustrated, that the Senate did not take up the bill in its recently concluded session.

    Adding to their discomfort is North Korea’s recent nuclear test. North Korea’s test is likely to place the India-U.S. nuclear deal debate more firmly within the context of increasing proliferation in the world, instead of in the narrative about strengthening the bilateral relationship between the U.S. and India. The test has strengthened the voice of the critics of the India-U.S. nuclear deal. (Read More)

    • Event

    Trade, Security and the Emergence of China and India

    Asian states have, for now, concluded that U.S. hegemony is robust and can provide the public goods that no other Asian country is yet willing to provide. Asian states have high expectations of peace in the future, and are committed to the use of political means to resolve disagreements.

    • Op-Ed

    Book Review: Cracking the Arms Race

    If A.Q. Khan is written off as an evil individual, then his deeds can be written off as peculiar sins that do not reflect flaws in the international system. In a review of Gordon Corera’s book, “Shopping for Bombs”, George Perkovich examines its key theme – nuclear proliferation can occur within the limits of international criminal law.

    • Event

    Disengaging the Military from Politics in Pakistan

    On October 17th, 2006, the Carnegie Endowment hosted Lt. Gen. Asad Durrani, the former Director-General of Pakistan military’s Inter-Services Intelligence (ISI) Bureau. Lt. Gen. Durrani spoke on “Disengaging Military from Politics in Pakistan,” commenting on the phenomenon of military takeovers and suggesting how Pakistan’s military could be disengaged from the political sphere.

    • Paper

    Pakistan-Afghanistan Relations in the Post-9/11 Era

    Taliban insurgents and their Al Qaeda allies, once thought defeated in Afghanistan, are regaining strength. Frederic Grare examines the evolution of the situation in Afghanistan and takes a look at Afghanistan through Pakistan's eyes. In addition, Grare provides policy recommendations for regional relations in a post-U.S. Afghanistan.

    • Proliferation Analysis

    All Eyes on the Senate as India Plays Hardball

    • Anirudh Suri
    • August 29, 2006

    Indian Prime Minister Manmohan Singh recently made speeches in the Rajya Sabha (August 17th) and the Lok Sabha (August 23rd), the two Houses of India’s Parliament, forcefully defending the merits of the India-US nuclear deal and clearly outlining the Indian Government’s position on various aspects of the deal. Facing criticism from opposition parties as well as the Left, Singh addressed all the concerns in turn and claimed that he had the assurance of President Bush that the final India-US nuclear deal would not represent any shifts away from the goalposts established in the agreement of July 18, 2005.

    In his speeches, Singh emphatically stated that India would not bend in the face of US pressure and would not accept any conditions that would go beyond the July 18th Joint Statement and the March 2, 2006 Separation Plan. Strongly refuting the claim that the proposed US Bill, as passed by the House of Representatives, could become an instrument to influence or even dictate Indian foreign policy, Singh asserted that “the thrust of our foreign policy remains the promotion of our national interest.”

    In unequivocal terms, Singh further declared that India was “not willing to accept a moratorium on the production of fissile material” and that India was not “prepared to go beyond a unilateral voluntary moratorium on nuclear testing as indicated in the July statement.” Singh made it clear that the Indian Government would not accept any “dilution that would prevent us from securing the benefits of full civil nuclear cooperation.” He also rejected the Senate proposal that requires the US President to report on India’s compliance with non-proliferation and other commitments on an annual basis, saying that the “element of uncertainty regarding future cooperation” was not acceptable to India. Addressing the issue of India’s nuclear weapons program being subject to international safeguards, Singh further clarified that the Indian government has registered strong opposition to “any legislative provisions that mandate scrutiny of either our nuclear weapons programme or our unsafeguarded nuclear facilities.” As a sovereign nation, India was in no way bound by the legislation of any other country, Singh declared. (Read More)

    • Event

    India's Strategic Environment and the Role of Military Power

    • Shashindra Pal Tyagi
    • August 22, 2006
    • Washington, D.C.

    Drawing on his unparalleled experience in operating and managing combat air power, Air Chief Marshal Shashindra Pal Tyagi addressed the security threats that India faces today and those that loom in the years ahead. ACM Tyagi also discussed the role of military power in helping meet these challenges and the potential for US-India collaboration in addressing these concerns.

    • Article

    Inside the A.Q. Khan Network

    Rather than being primarily composed of a shadowy subversive network of international terrorists, most of the central players in the A.Q. Khan proliferation network were well-to-do Anglo-Saxons. They were clever and exploited voids in national and international export control laws to sell their wares. Greed was their central motivation.

Carnegie Experts on
Special Projects

  • expert thumbnail - Baruah
    Darshana M. Baruah
    Associate Fellow
    South Asia Program
    Darshana M. Baruah is an associate fellow with the South Asia Program at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace where she leads the Indian Ocean Initiative. Her primary research focuses on maritime security in Asia and the role of the Indian Navy in a new security architecture.
  • expert thumbnail - Bellows
    Abigail Bellows
    Nonresident Scholar
    Democracy, Conflict, and Governance Program
    Abigail Bellows is a nonresident scholar in the Democracy, Conflict, and Governance Program at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace
  • expert thumbnail - Brown
    Frances Z. Brown
    Senior Fellow and Co-Director
    Democracy, Conflict, and Governance Program
    Frances Z. Brown is a senior fellow and co-director of Carnegie’s Democracy, Conflict, and Governance Program, who previously worked at the White House, USAID, and in nongovernmental organizations. She writes on conflict, governance, and U.S. foreign policy
  • expert thumbnail - Chaudhuri
    Rudra Chaudhuri
    Carnegie India
    Rudra Chaudhuri is the director of Carnegie India. His primary research interests include the diplomatic history of South Asia and contemporary security issues.
  • expert thumbnail - Crocker
    Ryan Crocker
    Nonresident Senior Fellow
    Ryan Crocker is a nonresident senior fellow at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.
  • expert thumbnail - Dalton
    Toby Dalton
    Co-director and Senior Fellow
    Nuclear Policy Program
    Dalton is the co-director and a senior fellow of the Nuclear Policy Program at the Carnegie Endowment. An expert on nonproliferation and nuclear energy, his work addresses regional security challenges and the evolution of the global nuclear order.
  • expert thumbnail - Feigenbaum
    Evan A. Feigenbaum
    Vice President for Studies
    Evan A. Feigenbaum is vice president for studies at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, where he oversees research in Washington, Beijing, and New Delhi on a dynamic region encompassing both East Asia and South Asia.
  • expert thumbnail - Ghattas
    Kim Ghattas
    Nonresident Senior Fellow
    Kim Ghattas is a nonresident senior fellow at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.
  • expert thumbnail - Gokhale
    Vijay Gokhale
    Nonresident Senior Fellow
    Carnegie India
    Mr. Vijay Gokhale is a nonresident senior fellow at Carnegie India and the former foreign secretary of India.
  • expert thumbnail - Grare
    Frederic Grare
    Nonresident Senior Fellow
    South Asia Program
    Grare is a nonresident senior fellow in Carnegie’s South Asia Program. His research focuses on security issues and democratization in India, Afghanistan, and Pakistan. Previously, he led the Asia bureau at the Directorate for Strategic Affairs in the French Ministry of Defense.
  • expert thumbnail - Jaffrelot
    Christophe Jaffrelot
    Nonresident Scholar
    South Asia Program
    Jaffrelot’s core research focuses on theories of nationalism and democracy, mobilization of the lower castes and Dalits (ex-untouchables) in India, the Hindu nationalist movement, and ethnic conflicts in Pakistan.
  • expert thumbnail - Mathews
    Jessica Tuchman Mathews
    Distinguished Fellow
    Mathews is a distinguished fellow at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. She served as Carnegie’s president for 18 years.
  • expert thumbnail - Misra
    R.K. Misra
    Nonresident Scholar
    Carnegie India
    R.K. Misra is a nonresident scholar at Carnegie India. Based in Bengaluru, he drives Carnegie India’s Technology and Society program, and engages with technology innovators and policymakers.
  • expert thumbnail - Narang
    Vipin Narang
    Nonresident Scholar
    Nuclear Policy Program
    Vipin Narang is a nonresident scholar in the Nuclear Policy Program at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.
  • expert thumbnail - Pal
    Deep Pal
    Visiting Fellow
    Asia Program
    Deep Pal is a visiting fellow in the Asia program at Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.
  • expert thumbnail - Panda
    Ankit Panda
    Stanton Senior Fellow
    Nuclear Policy Program
    Ankit Panda is the Stanton Senior Fellow in the Nuclear Policy Program at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.
  • expert thumbnail - Perkovich
    George Perkovich
    Ken Olivier and Angela Nomellini Chair
    Vice President for Studies
    Perkovich works primarily on nuclear strategy and nonproliferation issues; cyberconflict; and new approaches to international public-private management of strategic technologies.
  • expert thumbnail - Schwemlein
    James Schwemlein
    Nonresident Scholar
    South Asia Program
    James Schwemlein is a nonresident scholar in the South Asia Program at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.
  • expert thumbnail - Staniland
    Paul Staniland
    Nonresident Scholar
    South Asia Program
    Paul Staniland is a nonresident scholar in the South Asia Program at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.
  • expert thumbnail - Tellis
    Ashley J. Tellis
    Tata Chair for Strategic Affairs
    Ashley J. Tellis holds the Tata Chair for Strategic Affairs and is a senior fellow at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, specializing in international security and U.S. foreign and defense policy with a special focus on Asia and the Indian subcontinent.
  • expert thumbnail - Tiwari
    Udbhav Tiwari
    Nonresident Scholar
    Carnegie India
    Udbhav Tiwari is a public policy professional who works towards keeping the internet open, secure, and accessible by advocating for progressive regulations in the technology sector.
  • expert thumbnail - Vaishnav
    Milan Vaishnav
    Director and Senior Fellow
    South Asia Program
    Vaishnav’s primary research focus is the political economy of India, and he examines issues such as corruption and governance, state capacity, distributive politics, and electoral behavior.

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