Japan is determined to foster a startup economy. But every startup ecosystem is built on several components and a strategic conception of how they fit together. Cracking this puzzle will be Japan's challenge.
No matter the outcome of Kenya’s presidential election, it will be crucial to focus on bolstering democratic and institutional performance, political accountability, and citizen participation beyond Election Day.
The competitive and often antagonistic relationships among China, India, and Pakistan have roots that predate their possession of nuclear weaponry. Yet the significant transformation of the nuclear capabilities that is now underway in all three countries simultaneously complicates and mitigates their geopolitical rivalries.
In a complex, changing, and increasingly contested world, the Carnegie Endowment generates strategic ideas and independent analysis, supports diplomacy, and trains the next generation of international scholar-practitioners to help countries and institutions take on the most difficult global problems and safeguard peace.
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Our global network of scholars provides decisionmakers with actionable recommendations for addressing the world’s biggest challenges. Find some of the latest policy ideas below.
After the COVID-19 pandemic fall-out and as geopolitical rivalries play out in the Global South, Rosa Balfour, Lizza Bomassi, Marta Martinelli, and others explore views of Europe’s role, offering insights on how the EU can improve relations.
Kenji Kushida suggests ways for the United States and Japan to strengthen their partnership through cooperation in innovation and technology.
Shruti Sharma recommends ways to strengthen India’s biotechnology sector to prevent and combat future pandemics.