Democracy and Governance

All

    • Event

    Examining the Clinton Record on Democracy Promotion

    Symposium on democracy promotion with Thomas Carothers, David Yang and Michael Cox

    • Op-Ed

    Cyber Censors: A Thousand Web Sites Almost Bloom

    Ultimately, China's attempts to manipulate the private sector will be only one of a number of factors determining the success and transformative power of the Internet in the Middle Kingdom. Domestic and foreign entrepreneurship might very well eventually play their hand in helping to open up the country's economic and political system.

    • Op-Ed

    Democratic Reversals

    • Marina Ottaway
    • July 01, 2000
    • Georgetown Journal of International Affairs

    Democratic transformations are never simple, linear processes. If it wants to promote democracy, the international community will have to accept the messy, compromise–driven policymaking process with which the citizens of democratic countries are familiar.

    • Testimony

    Democracy in the Central Asian Republics

    The main reason why democracies have not developed in Central Asia is that the region's leaders don't want them to. However, the region's rulers would like us to believe that the failure of democracy-building in the region is a good thing, not a bad one.

    • Testimony

    Russia's 2000 Presidential Elections: Implications for Russian Democracy and U.S.-Russian Relations

    In all democracies around the world, national elections generate important data about the condition of the political system and the concerns, hopes, and beliefs of society.

    • Op-Ed

    Dewy-Eyed About Democracy? Hardly

    • Op-Ed

    Radical Reformers Lead the Way

    A great transformation of the former Soviet bloc has occurred in the last decade. All countries that opted for radical reform have accomplished something, while those that did not have largely failed. The initial reform strategy has been of fundamental and lasting importance. Countries have ended up either in a virtuous circle or in a vicious circle.

    • Book

    Aiding Democracy Abroad: The Learning Curve

    This book examines democracy aid programs relating to elections, political parties, governmental reform, rule of law, civil society, independent media, labor unions, decentralization, and other elements of what Carothers describes as "the democracy template" that policy makers and aid officials apply around the world.

    • Event

    Cost of Democracy

    • Marina Ottaway, Theresa Chung, Marc Plattner
    • October 28, 1999
    • Washington, DC

    By supporting expensive institutions and processes of democratization, democracy assistance creates political systems that are financially unsustainable for less developed countries. There are less expensive donor strategies that could help to produce more economically viable democratizations.

    • Paper

    Challenge of Semi-Authoritarianism

    Several factors explain why a growing number of regimes are adopting outwardly more democratic political systems: the loss of appeal of socialist systems during the 1990s, the creation of newly independent states, and the corresponding need felt by an increasing number of governments to legitimize themselves in the eyes of their citizens and of the international community.

Related Topics

Carnegie Experts on
Democracy and Governance

  • expert thumbnail - Adebahr
    Cornelius Adebahr
    Nonresident Fellow
    Carnegie Europe
    Adebahr is a nonresident fellow at Carnegie Europe. His research focuses on foreign and security policy, in particular regarding Iran and the Persian Gulf, on European and transatlantic affairs, and on citizens’ engagement.
  • expert thumbnail - Al Talei
    Rafiah Al Talei
    Contributing Editor
    Middle East Program
    Rafiah Al Talei is the contributing Arabic editor for Sada in Carnegie’s Middle East Program
  • expert thumbnail - Al-Saif
    Bader Al-Saif
    Nonresident Fellow
    Malcolm H. Kerr Carnegie Middle East Center
    Bader Mousa Al-Saif is a nonresident fellow at the Malcolm H. Kerr Carnegie Middle East Center in Beirut, where his research focuses on the Gulf and Arabian Peninsula.
  • expert thumbnail - Axyonova
    Vera Axyonova
    EASI-Hurford Next Generation Fellow
    Vera Axyonova is an EASI-Hurford Next Generation fellow at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.
  • expert thumbnail - Baer
    Dan Baer
    Senior Fellow
    Europe Program
    Dan Baer is a senior fellow in the Europe Program at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.
  • expert thumbnail - Balfour
    Rosa Balfour
    Director
    Carnegie Europe
    Rosa Balfour is director of Carnegie Europe. Her fields of expertise include European politics, institutions, and foreign and security policy.
  • expert thumbnail - Bellows
    Abigail Bellows
    Nonresident Scholar
    Democracy, Conflict, and Governance Program
    Abigail Bellows is a nonresident scholar in the Democracy, Conflict, and Governance Program at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace
  • expert thumbnail - Brechenmacher
    Saskia Brechenmacher
    Fellow
    Democracy, Conflict, and Governance Program
    Saskia Brechenmacher is a PhD candidate at the University of Cambridge and a fellow in Carnegie’s Democracy, Conflict, and Governance Program, where her research focuses on gender, civil society, and democratic governance.
  • expert thumbnail - Brown
    Frances Z. Brown
    Senior Fellow and Co-Director
    Democracy, Conflict, and Governance Program
    Frances Z. Brown is a senior fellow and co-director of Carnegie’s Democracy, Conflict, and Governance Program, who previously worked at the White House, USAID, and in nongovernmental organizations. She writes on conflict, governance, and U.S. foreign policy
  • expert thumbnail - Brown
    Nathan J. Brown
    Nonresident Senior Fellow
    Middle East Program
    Brown, a professor of political science and international affairs at George Washington University, is a distinguished scholar and author of six well-received books on Arab politics.
  • expert thumbnail - Carothers
    Thomas Carothers
    Harvey V. Fineberg Chair for Democracy Studies
    Interim President
    Thomas Carothers is interim president of the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. He is a leading authority on international support for democracy, human rights, governance, the rule of law, and civil society.
  • expert thumbnail - Chivvis
    Chris Chivvis
    Senior Fellow and Director
    American Statecraft Program
    Chris Chivvis is the director of the American Statecraft Program at the Carnegie Endowment.
  • expert thumbnail - Dunne
    Michele Dunne
    Director and Senior Fellow
    Middle East Program
    Dunne is an expert on political and economic change in Arab countries, particularly Egypt, as well as U.S. policy in the Middle East.
  • expert thumbnail - Feldstein
    Steven Feldstein
    Senior Fellow
    Democracy, Conflict, and Governance Program
    Steven Feldstein is a senior fellow in Carnegie’s Democracy, Conflict, and Governance Program, where he focuses on issues of democracy, technology, human rights, U.S. foreign policy, and Africa.
  • expert thumbnail - Gokhale
    Vijay Gokhale
    Nonresident Senior Fellow
    Carnegie India
    Mr. Vijay Gokhale is a nonresident senior fellow at Carnegie India and the former foreign secretary of India.
  • expert thumbnail - Hassan
    Zaha Hassan
    Visiting Fellow
    Middle East Program
    Zaha Hassan is a human rights lawyer and visiting fellow at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.
  • expert thumbnail - Hellyer
    H. A. Hellyer
    Nonresident Scholar
    Middle East Program
    Dr. H.A. Hellyer is a senior associate fellow and scholar at the Royal United Services Institute in London and a nonresident scholar at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. His research focuses on politics, international relations, security, and religion in the West and the Arab world.
  • expert thumbnail - Hollis
    Duncan B. Hollis
    Nonresident Scholar
    Cyber Policy Initiative
    Duncan B. Hollis is a nonresident scholar at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace and the James E. Beasley professor of law at Temple Law School, where he also serves as the associate dean for academic affairs.
  • expert thumbnail - Ichihara
    Maiko Ichihara
    Visiting Scholar
    Democracy, Conflict, and Governance Program
    Maiko Ichihara is associate professor in the Graduate School of Law at Hitotsubashi University, Japan, and a visiting scholar at Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.
  • expert thumbnail - Kellner
    Peter Kellner
    Visiting Scholar
    Carnegie Europe
    Kellner is a visiting scholar at Carnegie Europe, where his research focuses on Brexit, populism, and electoral democracy.
  • expert thumbnail - Kleinfeld
    Rachel Kleinfeld
    Senior Fellow
    Democracy, Conflict, and Governance Program
    Rachel Kleinfeld is a senior fellow in the Democracy, Conflict, and Governance Program, where she focuses on issues of rule of law, security, and governance in post-conflict countries, fragile states, and states in transition.
  • expert thumbnail - Linfield
    David Linfield
    Visiting Scholar
    Middle East Program
    David Linfield is a visiting scholar in Carnegie’s Middle East Program, where he specializes in how socioeconomic inequality is reshaping political alliances and driving new pressure for change.
  • expert thumbnail - Miller
    Andrew Miller
    Nonresident Scholar
    Middle East Program
    Andrew Miller is a nonresident scholar in Carnegie’s Middle East Program.
  • expert thumbnail - Movchan
    Andrey Movchan
    Nonresident Scholar
    Economic Policy Program
    Carnegie Moscow Center
    Movchan is a nonresident scholar in the Economic Policy Program at the Carnegie Moscow Center.
  • expert thumbnail - Muasher
    Marwan Muasher
    Vice President for Studies
    Muasher is vice president for studies at Carnegie, where he oversees research in Washington and Beirut on the Middle East.
  • expert thumbnail - O’Donohue
    Andrew O’Donohue
    Nonresident Research Assistant
    Democracy, Conflict, and Governance Program
    Andrew O’Donohue is a nonresident research assistant in the Democracy, Conflict, and Governance Program, where his research focuses on political polarization and challenges facing democratic governance.
  • expert thumbnail - Ohanyan
    Anna Ohanyan
    Nonresident Senior Scholar
    Russia and Eurasia Program
    Anna Ohanyan is a nonresident senior scholar in the Russia and Eurasia Program.
  • expert thumbnail - Page
    Matthew T. Page
    Nonresident Scholar
    Democracy, Conflict, and Governance Program
    Matthew T. Page is a nonresident scholar at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.
  • expert thumbnail - Quarcoo
    Ashley Quarcoo
    Senior Fellow
    Democracy, Conflict, and Governance Program
    Ashley Quarcoo is a senior fellow with the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace’s Democracy, Conflict, and Governance Program. Her research focus is on threats to democracy, social and political polarization, and comparative approaches toward building social cohesion and democratic renewal.
  • expert thumbnail - Sasse
    Gwendolyn Sasse
    Nonresident Senior Fellow
    Carnegie Europe
    Sasse is a nonresident senior fellow at Carnegie Europe. Her research focuses on Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union, EU enlargement, and comparative democratization.
  • expert thumbnail - Sayigh
    Yezid Sayigh
    Senior Fellow
    Malcolm H. Kerr Carnegie Middle East Center
    Yezid Sayigh is a senior fellow at the Malcolm H. Kerr Carnegie Middle East Center in Beirut, where he leads the program on Civil-Military Relations in Arab States (CMRAS). His work focuses on the comparative political and economic roles of Arab armed forces and nonstate actors, the impact of war on states and societies, and the politics of postconflict reconstruction and security sector transformation in Arab transitions, and authoritarian resurgence.
  • expert thumbnail - Slater
    Dan Slater
    Nonresident Scholar
    Asia Program
    Dan Slater is a nonresident scholar in the Asia Program at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. He specializes in the politics and history of enduring dictatorships and emerging democracies, with a regional focus on Southeast Asia.
  • expert thumbnail - Staniland
    Paul Staniland
    Nonresident Scholar
    South Asia Program
    Paul Staniland is a nonresident scholar in the South Asia Program at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.
  • expert thumbnail - Stronski
    Paul Stronski
    Senior Fellow
    Russia and Eurasia Program
    Paul Stronski is a senior fellow in Carnegie’s Russia and Eurasia Program, where his research focuses on the relationship between Russia and neighboring countries in Central Asia and the South Caucasus.
  • expert thumbnail - Stuenkel
    Oliver Stuenkel
    Nonresident Scholar
    Democracy, Conflict, and Governance Program
    Oliver Stuenkel is nonresident scholar affiliated with the Democracy, Conflict, and Governance Program at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. His research focuses on Latin American politics and foreign policy, as well as China’s and the United States’ role in Latin America.
  • expert thumbnail - Vaishnav
    Milan Vaishnav
    Director and Senior Fellow
    South Asia Program
    Vaishnav’s primary research focus is the political economy of India, and he examines issues such as corruption and governance, state capacity, distributive politics, and electoral behavior.
  • expert thumbnail - Walles
    Jake Walles
    Nonresident Senior Fellow
    Middle East Program
    Jake Walles is a nonresident senior fellow in the Middle East Program at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, where he focuses on Israeli-Palestinian issues, Tunisia, and counterterrorism.
  • expert thumbnail - Yahya
    Maha Yahya
    Director
    Malcolm H. Kerr Carnegie Middle East Center
    Yahya is director of the Malcolm H. Kerr Carnegie Middle East Center, where her research focuses on citizenship, pluralism, and social justice in the aftermath of the Arab uprisings.
  • expert thumbnail - Yerkes
    Sarah Yerkes
    Senior Fellow
    Middle East Program
    Sarah Yerkes is a senior fellow in Carnegie’s Middle East Program, where her research focuses on Tunisia’s political, economic, and security developments as well as state-society relations in the Middle East and North Africa.
  • expert thumbnail - Youngs
    Richard Youngs
    Senior Fellow
    Democracy, Conflict, and Governance Program
    Richard Youngs is a senior fellow in the Democracy, Conflict, and Governance Program, based at Carnegie Europe. He works on EU foreign policy and on issues of international democracy.
  • expert thumbnail - Yovanovitch
    Marie Yovanovitch
    Senior Fellow
    Russia and Eurasia Program
    Marie Yovanovitch is a senior fellow in the Russia and Eurasia Program at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.

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