President Trump has the option to not certify Iranian compliance with the nuclear deal, breaking with European allies and signatories of the deal. If the United States chooses to re-impose sanctions, they will do so without international support, leaving empty sanctions against Iran.
The states of the Arab Gulf have been defined by their unique combination of economic generosity and political parsimony—a system preserved by vast resource wealth and traditional institutions of governance that have managed to retain a preponderance of legitimacy.
The Carnegie Endowment for International Peace hosted a review of its first Arab Experts Survey. Conducted in both English and Arabic, the survey represents the views of more than one hundred accomplished political thinkers representing almost every Arab country.
Perry Cammack is a nonresident fellow in the Middle East Program at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, where he focuses on long-term regional trends and their implications for American foreign policy.