The reemergence of Russia as a major power broker in the Middle East is striking because for a quarter century after the Cold War, Russia had been absent from the region. But Russia’s absence, and not its return, is the anomaly.
The Kremlin is riding high in the Middle East, where Russia’s military intervention in Syria has changed the course of the country’s civil war. The Kremlin’s actions in the Middle East have deep historical roots, but potential Russian influence should not be over-exaggerated.
Decades after the Soviet Union wooed the leaders of Africa’s newly independent nations with weapons, scholarships, and anti-colonial rhetoric, Moscow is trying to stage a comeback on the continent. Can the Kremlin leverage its lean resources to wily effect on Africa?
Russia’s intelligence services have long fixated on the activities of Russian émigrés and exiles abroad, resulting in them being co-opted by the regime, or assassinated in cold blood. Andrei Soldatov and Irina Borogan, the leading chroniclers of Russia’s intelligence services, have written a new book that examines the fascinating history of Russian intelligence activities abroad.
Nonresident Scholar Geoeconomics and Strategy Program
Rozlyn C. Engel is a nonresident scholar in the Geoeconomics and Strategy Program at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, where she focuses on macroeconomic risks, U.S. economic policy (foreign and domestic), long-term economic trends shaping the global security landscape, and economic intelligence analysis.
Julia Gurganus is a nonresident scholar with the Russia and Eurasia Program at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. Her research focus is on trends in Russian foreign policy and Russia-U.S. relations.
Ulrich Kühn is a nonresident scholar at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, and the head of the arms control and emerging technologies program at the Institute for Peace Research and Security Policy at the University of Hamburg.
Lehne is a visiting scholar at Carnegie Europe in Brussels, where his research focuses on the post–Lisbon Treaty development of the European Union’s foreign policy, with a specific focus on relations between the EU and member states.
Paul Stronski is a senior fellow in Carnegie’s Russia and Eurasia Program, where his research focuses on the relationship between Russia and neighboring countries in Central Asia and the South Caucasus.