Brazil’s nuclear policy is at a critical juncture. Efforts to reform the sector’s governance will have serious implications for nuclear safety and security, the private sector, civilian-military relations, policy accountability, and the future prospects of Brazil’s nuclear capabilities.
Brazilian President Jair Bolsonaro has unveiled plans for an ambitious transformation of the country’s nuclear policy. Achieving this vision will require an updated regulatory framework to respond to new challenges.
Though recent allegations of secrecy and illegal activity regarding the export of nuclear materials to Saudi Arabia raises important questions, faith in existing U.S. statutes and legislative oversight should not be shaken.
Washington underestimates the strength of attachment in Paris and Berlin to the current Iran deal, as well as the depth of differences between Europe and the United States on how to stabilize the Middle East.
It would be a mistake to assume that China’s future nuclear power development will continue on the same trajectory as during the last twenty years.
Implementation of the NSG guidelines—including by Pakistan—should significantly reduce the likelihood that Saudi Arabia will enrich uranium anytime soon.
Global governance in nuclear energy began sixty years ago when eighty-one countries approved the charter of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA).
South Korean President Moon Jae-in’s announcement that he would resume the construction of two nuclear reactors which had been temporarily halted since mid-July will have a more complicated effect on South Korea’s long-term energy policy.
Responsible nuclear states should work with the global nuclear industry to sustain strong nonproliferation, safety, and security practices in a market increasingly dominated by Russia and China.
Adding to pressure from loss of know-how and high costs, U.S. nuclear power plant vendors are now challenged by Chinese and Russian exporters whose government owners view nuclear energy in strategic, not commercial terms.