There are risks in departing Syria, but there are far greater ones in staying. That’s particularly true if the United States. cannot achieve the goals it has set publicly, and if Russia, Iran, and Syrian President Bashar Assad’s regime continue to have their way.
This article explores the centrality of the social dimension in contemporary conflict, examining its pivotal role in the strategies of rivals of the West, from ISIS, Hizbullah and Hamas to China and Russia, and the shortfall of Western responses.
Fellow Democracy, Conflict, and Governance Program
Frances Z. Brown is a fellow with Carnegie’s Democracy, Conflict, and Governance Program, where she researches stabilization, state building, democratization, decentralization, drivers of conflict, and local governance in fragile states.
Perry Cammack is a nonresident fellow in the Middle East Program at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, where he focuses on long-term regional trends and their implications for American foreign policy.
Dalia Ghanem is a resident scholar at the Carnegie Middle East Center in Beirut, where her work examines political and extremist violence, radicalization, Islamism, and jihadism with an emphasis on Algeria.
Hamza Meddeb is a nonresident scholar at the Carnegie Middle East Center, where his research focuses on economic reform, political economy of conflicts, and border insecurity across the Middle East and North Africa.
Program ManagerProgram on Civil-Military Relations in Arab StatesCarnegie Middle East Center
Romy Nasr is the program manager on the Civil-Military Relations in Arab States (CMRAS) program at the Carnegie Middle East Center, where her work focuses on defense affairs and security issues related to North Africa and the Levant.
Ashley J. Tellis holds the Tata Chair for Strategic Affairs and is a senior fellow at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, specializing in international security and U.S. foreign and defense policy with a special focus on Asia and the Indian subcontinent.
Frederic Wehrey is a senior fellow in the Middle East Program at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. His research deals with armed conflict, security sectors, and identity politics, with a focus on Libya, North Africa, and the Gulf.