After a year-long examination, a high-level study group of 12 American and 12 Japanese specialists presents a searching analysis of the key global and regional arms control and non-proliferation issues facing the U.S., Japan, and the international community. The central theme of the report is that proliferation can only be prevented if the existing nuclear powers accompany their non-proliferation efforts with parallel moves to reduce and eventually eliminate their nuclear weapons in accordance with Article Six of the Non-Proliferation Treaty.

The co-chairmen of the study group are William Clark, Jr., former Assistant Secretary of State for East Asian and Pacific Affairs, and Ryukichi Imai, former Japanese Ambassador to the U.N. Disarmament Conference. The report was prepared by study group member Selig S. Harrison, Director of the Endowment's Program on Japan's Role in International Security Affairs.